Henry Radclyffe, 4th Earl of Sussex
He was born in England to Henry Radclyffe, 2nd Earl of Sussex and Elizabeth Howard. He was knighted by Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel on 2 October 1553, and elected to parliament as member for Maldon in 1555 and Chichester in 1559.
In 1556, he went to Ireland, to support his elder brother Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex. There he was appointed a privy councillor in 1557, and commanded a band of horsemen. In 1558 he became lieutenant of Maryborough Fort, and was besieged there by the Irish under Donogh O'Conor. He sat in the Irish House of Commons as member for Carlingford in 1559, and two years later was nominated lieutenant of Leix and Offaly. He managed to keep the district quiet, but in 1564, when commissioners were sent from England to report on the condition of the Irish government, charges of corruption in dealing with funds appointed for the payment of the soldiers were brought against Radclyffe. He was ordered to refund at once £8,000, and on his refusal was committed to prison (January 1565). His release was ordered by the home government, and he left Ireland permanently soon afterwards. In 1577 he was granted some property there, in County Kilkenny and County Wexford.
In England he had already been appointed constable for life of Porchester Castle, and lieutenant of Southbere Forest (14 June 1560). In 1571, when he was elected M.P. for Hampshire, he received the office of warden and captain of the town, castle, and isle of Portsmouth, and he was active in that capacity until his death. In 1572 he was elected MP for Portsmouth. He succeeded his brother as Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex on 9 June 1583, finding the estate burdened with a debt to the crown. For the next decade, until his death, he was the patron of The Earl of Sussex's Men, who performed several of the early Shakespeare plays at The Rose (theatre) under Philip Henslowe, including Titus Andronicus and Richard III.
In August 1586, he was tracking out an alleged Catholic conspiracy at Portsmouth, and was watching suspicious vessels off the coast. During 1588 he was active in furnishing stores and gunpowder for the ships commissioned to resist the Spanish Armada. For his services he was made Knight of the Garter on 22 April 1589.
On 6 February 1549, he married Honora Pound daughter of Anthony Pound(e), of Drayton, Farlington, Hampshire. Henry and Honora had two children: a son Robert Radclyffe, 5th Earl of Sussex (12 June 1573 – 22 September 1629), married to Bridget Morrison, and a daughter, who married Thomas Dykes but left no issue.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Dunlop, Robert (1896). "Radcliffe, Thomas". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 47. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 143–145.
- Henry Radcliffe Accessed April 1, 2009
- History of Parliament Radcliffe, Sir Henry (by 1533-93) of Portsmouth, Hants
|Peerage of England|
|Earl of Sussex
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