Hemus motorway

Hemus motorway shield

Hemus motorway
Автомагистрала „Хемус“

Hemus motorway highlighted in red and yellow
Route information
Length: 420 km (260 mi)
170 km (110 mi) built
Major junctions
From: Sofia
To: Varna (not constructed from Yablanitsa to Shumen)
Major cities: Botevgrad, Shumen (future: Pleven, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo and Targovishte)
Highway system
Motorways in Bulgaria

The Hemus motorway (Bulgarian: Автомагистрала „Хемус“, Avtomagistrala "Hemus") or Haemus motorway, designated A2, is a partially built motorway in Bulgaria. Its planned length is 420 km, of which 170 km are in operation as of August 2015.[1] The motorway in operation is divided into two sections — the first one links the capital Sofia with Yablanitsa, crossing Stara planina (Balkan mountains), and the second segment connects Varna and Shumen. According to the plans, Hemus motorway would connect Sofia with the third-largest city of Varna, at the Black Sea coast, duplicating European route E70 (Varna–Shumen), European route E772 (Shumen–Yablanitsa) and European route E83 (Yablanitsa–Sofia).


The Pravets–Yablanitsa section of the Hemus motorway was officially opened on 5 December 1999. Due to the mountainous terrain through the Stara Planina the section, 5.47 km in length with another 16 km reconstructed, features two viaducts and one tunnel (Praveshki hanove), while the whole Sofia–Yablanitsa section has three more tunnels. The construction of the Pravets–Yablanitsa section began in the 1984 but ceased in the late 1980s due to lack of funds to be finished in 1998–1999.[2] The 12.8 km section connecting Shumen with Kaspichan to the east was opened on 30 December 2005 and cost 77.6 million leva.[3] In July 2013 a segment of the motorway at Shumen opened.[4] In August 2013 a 8.46 km segment, connecting the Sofia ring road and the Yana junction, opened to traffic.[5] In August 2015, a 4.9 km segment, including the Belokopitovo interchange (with I-2 road), was inaugurated.[6]

Recent Development

In January 2013 National Company "Strategic Infrastructure Projects" (NCSIP), a state-run company, tendered feasibility study for the remaining sections of Hemus motorway (Yablanitsa-Panayot Volovo).[7] In 2014 NCSIP signed contracts for drawing conceptual designs for all 8 lots of the motorway. In January 2015, a tender for design and build of 2 lots, between Yablanitsa and the Pleven/Lovech road, has been announced by NCSIP.[8] In 2016 NCSIP was closed, with all activities being transferred to the Roads Agency. The tender for construction of the Yablanitsa - Pleven/Lovech road was cancelled due to lack of secured financing and later in 2016 a new tender for a shorter 9 km stretch between Yablanitsa and Boaza has been announced.


Exit km Destinations Notes
0 Sofia ring road, Botevgradsko shose In service
1 Dolni Bogrov In service
8.5 Yana In service
14 Eleshnitsa In service
21.5 Potop In service
30.8 Churek In service
32 Vitinya In service
41 Topli Dol In service
43 Echemishka In service
47.7 Botevgrad In service
53.3 Pravets In service
55 Praveshki Hanove In service
59.2 Osikovska Lakavitsa In service
66.5 Dzhurovo In service
74.7 Yablanitsa In service
Yablanitsa-Belokopitovo Planned
337.3[9] Belokopitovo In service
348 Shumen-east In service
361 Kaspichan, Novi Pazar In service
374.2 Nevsha In service
379.8 Mlada Gvardiya, exit only westbound, entrance only eastbound In service
384.1 Parking eastbound In service
384.4 Provadia-north (road III-208) In service
385.8 Parking only westbound In service
390.7 Provadia-east, Gabarnitsa In service
400.4 Devnya In service
405.4 Povelyanovo In service
410.4 Slanchevo In service
420.5 Varna Airport In service
422.4 Petrol station eastbound (westbound 423.2) In service
423.8 Varna-west In service



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