Location of Helena, Arkansas
|Coordinates: 34°31′34″N 90°36′5″W / 34.52611°N 90.60139°WCoordinates: 34°31′34″N 90°36′5″W / 34.52611°N 90.60139°W|
|• Total||8.9 sq mi (23.0 km2)|
|• Land||8.9 sq mi (23.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||197 ft (60 m)|
|• Density||902/sq mi (290.89/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0077157|
Helena is the eastern portion of Helena-West Helena, Arkansas, a city in Phillips County, Arkansas. As of the 2000 census, this portion of the city population was 6,323. Helena was the county seat of Phillips County until January 1, 2006, when it merged its government and city limits with neighboring West Helena.
From 1906 to 1946, Helena was a terminal point on the former Missouri and North Arkansas Railroad, which provided passenger and freight service to Joplin, Missouri. After, a loss of rail service in early 2015, a successful effort was launched by the Helena-West Helena/Phillips County Port Authority to have freight service restored. The service was restored on October 1, 2015 and two new freight customers have already been gained.
Helena is located at 34°31′34″N 90°36′5″W / 34.52611°N 90.60139°W (34.526223, −90.601377).
According to the United States Census Bureau, Helena had a total area of 8.9 square miles (23 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,323 people, 2,312 households, and 1,542 families residing in Helena. The population density was 710.7 people per square mile (274.3/km²). There were 2,710 housing units at an average density of 304.6/sq mi (117.6/km²). The racial makeup of Helena is 67.93% Black or African American, 30.59% White, 0.13% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.17% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,312 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.8% were married couples living together, 28.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.28.
In Helena, the population is spread out with 32.5% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 22.1% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 83.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.5 males.
The median income for a household in Helena is $18,662, and the median income for a family was $21,534. Males had a median income of $27,203 versus $17,250 for females. The per capita income for Helena is $13,028. About 38.4% of families and 41.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 54.9% of those under age 18 and 24.1% of those age 65 or over.
Arts and culture
Helena, Arkansas is home to a number of historic buildings such as the Sidney H. Horner House and the Centennial Baptist Church.
Helena-West Helena School District operates schools in what was Helena.
- John Hanks Alexander, the first African American officer in the United States armed forces to hold a regular command position and the second African American graduate of the United States Military Academy.
- Dorathy M. Allen, the first woman elected to the Arkansas Senate
- Bruce Bennett, former Arkansas Attorney General
- Patrick Cleburne, Confederate General.
- Ken Hatfield, Former college football coach
- Thomas C. Hindman, Confederate General.
- Red Holloway, jazz saxophonist
- Alex Johnson, baseball player
- Blanche Lincoln, former U.S. Senator from Arkansas
- Roberta Martin, gospel singer
- Conway Twitty, country singer
- James T. White (politician) - Reconstruction era politician and Baptist minister.
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- "H. Glenn Mosenthin, "Missouri and North Arkansas Railroad"". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- "Helena Harbor celebrates return of rail service to Phillips County - Talk Business & Politics". Talk Business & Politics. Retrieved 2016-02-06.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Smith, Lindsley Armstrong (29 October 2009). "Dorathy N. McDonald Allen". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved 31 March 2010.
- "Bruce Bennett (1917–1979)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- "Saxophonist Red Holloway Dead at 84 Chicago tenor was prolific leader and sideman for six decades". Jazz Times. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- "Alex Johnson Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- "LINCOLN, Blanche Lambert, (1960 – )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- "The Roberta Martin Singers". All Music. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- "Conway Twitty". All Music. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Helena (Arkansas).|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Helena, Arkansas.|
- History of Helena's Jewish community (from the Institute of Southern Jewish Life)
- The Helena-West Helena Daily World, the newspaper serving Helena-West Helena and Phillips County
- ePodunk: Profile for Helena, Arkansas
- "Helena, a city and the county-seat of Phillips county, Arkansas, U.S.A.". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.