Moluccella laevis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Moluccella
  • Molucca Mill.
  • Chasmonia C.Presl
  • Chartocalyx Regel, illegitimate name
  • Harmsiella Briq.
  • Sulaimania Hedge & Rech.f.
Moluccella laevis - MHNT

Moluccella is a genus of annual and short-lived perennial plants native to Central + southwestern Asia and the Mediterranean.[1] They are tall, upright, branched plants to 1 meter or more with toothed leaves and small white fragrant flowers.[2][3]

  1. Moluccella aucheri (Boiss.) Scheen - Iran, Pakistan
  2. Moluccella bucharica (B.Fedtsch.) Ryding - Tajikistan
  3. Moluccella fedtschenkoana (Kudr.) Ryding - Tajikistan
  4. Moluccella laevis L. - Bells of Ireland - Turkmenistan, Iran, Iraq, Caucasus, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Turkey; naturalized in scattered locations in Europe, Africa, and North America
  5. Moluccella olgae (Regel) Ryding - Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan
  6. Moluccella otostegioides Prain - Pakistan
  7. Moluccella sogdiana (Kudr.) Ryding - Tajikistan
  8. Moluccella spinosa L. - Mediterranean from Spain + Algeria to Turkey + Palestine


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Marginally frost hardy, these plants prefer full sun and moderately fertile, moist but well-drained soil. Propagation is from seed.


  1. 1 2 3 Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2010). Flora Iberica 12: 1-650. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  3. Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
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