List of minor biblical figures, A–K
In Jeremiah 36:26, Abdeel (Ab'dēel) (Hebrew עַבְדְּאֵל "servant of God"; akin to Arabic عبد الله Abdullah), father of Shelemiah, one of three men that were commanded by King Jehoiakim to seize the prophet Jeremiah and his secretary Baruch. The Septuagint omits his name.
The name Abdi (Hebrew עַבְדִּי) is probably an abbreviation of Obediah, meaning "servant of YHWH", according to the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Easton's Bible Encyclopedia, on the other hand, holds that it means "my servant". The name "Abdi" appears three times in the Bible.
- Chronicles 6:29. "And on the left hand their brethren the sons of Merari: Ethan the son of Kishi, the son of Abdi, the son of Malluch."
- Chronicles 29:12. "Then the Levites arose, Mahath the son of Amasai, and Joel the son of Azariah, of the sons of the Kohathites; and of the sons of Merari, Kish the son of Abdi, and Azariah the son of Jehallelel; and of the Gershonites, Joah the son of Zimmah, and Eden the son of Joah."
- Ezra 10:26. "And of the sons of Elam: Mattaniah, Zechariah, and Jehiel, and Abdi, and Jeremoth, and Elijah."
Abdon (Hebrew עַבְדּוֹן from עָבַד "to serve") is the name of four biblical individuals.
- An Abdon in the book of Judges: see the article Abdon (Judges).
- The first-born of Gibeon of the tribe of Benjamin, mentioned only in passing in genealogies (1 Chronicles 8:30, 9:36).
- Abdon the son of Micah. Josiah sent him, among others, to the prophetess Huldah, in order to discern the meaning of the recently rediscovered book of the law (2 Chronicles 34:20). He is referred to as Achbor in 2 Kings 22:12.
- Abdon son of Sashak. He is only mentioned as a name in a genealogy (1 Chronicles 8:23).
(Hebrew אֲבִינָדָב "my father gives willingly")
- A man of Kirjath-jearim widely identified as a Levite (but possibly a Judahite), in whose house the ark of the covenant was deposited after having been brought back from the land of the Philistines (1 Samuel 7:1). It remained there twenty years guarded by his son Eleazar (not to be confused with Eleazar, the son of Aaron), until it was at length removed by David (1 Samuel 7:1,2; 1 Chronicles 13:7; 2 Samuel 6:3).
It has been argued that the ark stayed at Abinadab's home for much longer than 20 years. After the ark was placed in Abinadab's home, the Bible counts 20 years before Israel cried to God and Samuel, asking for a king. Saul was then installed as king. He ruled for 40 years, and several more years passed before David took the ark from Abinadab's house to bring it to Jerusalem.
- The second of the eight sons of Jesse (1 Samuel 16:8). He was with Saul in the campaign against the Philistines in which Goliath was slain (1 Samuel 17:13).
- One of Saul's sons, who perished with his father in the battle of Gilboa (1 Samuel 31:2; 1 Chronicles 10:2).
- Ben-abinadab; One of Solomon's officers, who "provided victuals for the king and his household." He presided, for this purpose, over the region of Dor and had Taphath a daughter of Solomon to wife.(1 Kings 4:7-11).
Abiel (Hebrew אֲבִיאֵל "my father is God") was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:
- Son of Zeror, of the tribe of Benjamin, he was the grandfather of King Saul and of his commander Abner. 1 Samuel 9
- An Arbathite, one of King David's Warriors who was known for his bravery. I Chron. 11:32
Ahinadab (Hebrew: אחינדב áḤYNaDaḄ "My Brother Is Noble"), son of Iddo, is one of the twelve commissariat officers appointed by Solomon in so many districts of his kingdom to raise supplies by monthly rotation for his household. He was appointed to the district of Mahanaim (1 Kings 4:14), east of Jordan. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). "article name needed". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons.
Ahitub (Hebrew אֲבִיטוּב "my father is good" or "my father is joyous")
- Ahitub, son of Phinehas, grandson of Eli, and brother of Ichabod. (1Samuel 14:3,22:9-20, 1Chronicles 9:11)
- Ahitub, son of Amariah and father of Zadok. (2Samuel 8:15-17)
- Ahitub, a descendant through the priestly line of the first Zadok. He was an ancestor of later high priests who served during the fall of Jerusalem and post-exile. (1Chronicles 6:11-12)
- Ahitub, a Benjamite. (1Chronicles 8:11)
Adbeel (Hebrew אַדְבְּאֵל "disciplined by God") Nadbeel or Idiba’ilu, was the third son of Ishmael out of twelve. (Genesis 25:13) The name Adbeel is associated with the personal name and northwest tribe in Arabia known as Idiba’ilu, whom Tiglath-Pileser conquered in the 8th century BCE. (Kenneth A. Mathews, 2005, p. 361)
- the first wife of Lamech, and the mother of Jabal and Jubal. (Genesis 4:19-23)
- the first wife of Esau, the daughter of Elon the Hittite. It has been suggested by biblical scholars that she is the same person as "Bashemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite" mentioned as a wife of Esau in Genesis 26. She bore Esau's firstborn Eliphaz, and became the matriarch of the Edomites. (Genesis 26:34,36:2-4)
Agee was the father of Shammah, who was one of David's mighty men (II Samuel 23:11). Based on interpretations of I Chronicles 11:34 and II Samuel 23:32-33 Agee was either the grandfather of Jonathan or his brother.
Ahab (Hebrew: אחאב, which means "brother/father") is the name of at least two biblical figures:
- Ahab, seventh king of Israel, namesake of Captain Ahab
- Ahab, son of Koliah, who, according to Jeremiah 29:21, was labeled a false prophet by YHVH
(Hebrew אֲחִי "brother/kindred of YHWH")
- Ahi is the son of Abdiel in 1 Chronicles 5:15
- Ahi is the son of Shomer in 1 Chronicles 7:34
Ahilud is the father of Jehoshaphat, who serves as court recorder to David (2 Samuel 8:16) and Solomon (1 Kings 4:3). In 1 Kings 4:12, Ahilud is the father of Baana, an official in Solomon's court sent to gather provisions in Taanach and Megiddo, and Beth Shan.
In Ezra 2:45, Akkub is the head of a family of Nethinim. In 1 Chronicles 3:24, Akkub is a son of Elionenai, descendant of Solomon living in the Kingdom of Judah around 420 BCE. In 1 Chronicles 9:17, Ezra 2:42, and Nehemiah 7:45, Akkub is a Levite gatekeeper at the Temple in Jerusalem after the return from the Babylonian captivity.
Alexander was a member of the Sanhedrin named in Acts 4:6 as part of a group before whom Peter and John were required to give an account of their healing power, following their arrest on the day of Pentecost.
In Amos 7:10, Amaziah is a priest of Bethel who confronts Amos and rejects his prophesying against king Jeroboam II. As a result, Amos is led to prophesy the doom of Amaziah's family, the loss of his land and his death in exile. Jonathan Magonet has described Amaziah as 'a spiritual leader who believed in his own power and could not risk hearing the word of God'.
A person mentioned in the Old Testament in Song of Solomon of Solomon&verse=6%3A12&src=! 6:12, whose chariots were famed for their swiftness. It is rendered in the margin "my willing people," and in the Revised Version "my princely people."
The 10th generation grandfather of Jesus through Joseph, according to Luke 3:25.
Amzi ('am-tsee') is a masculine Hebrew name meaning "my strength" or "strong." Two individuals with this name are mentioned in the Bible:
- 1 Chronicles 6:31 indicates Amzi as a Levite man of the family of Merari.
- A son of Zechariah was named Amzi. He was an ancestor to the Levite priest Adaiah (Nehemiah 11:12), who was one of the Israelite exiles under the direction of Nehemiah when he returned to Jerusalem to rebuild the city walls.
In the Book of Genesis, there are two men and one woman named Anah.
- In Genesis 36:2,14,18,25, Anah is a daughter of Zibeon, and her daughter Aholibamah is a wife of Esau.
- In Genesis 36:20,29 and 1 Chronicles 1:38, Anah is a son of Seir and a brother of Zibeon chief of the Horites. Some authorities claim this is a tribal name, not a personal name.
- In Genesis 36:24 and 1 Chronicles 1:40-41, Anah is a son of Zibeon, and is famed for discovering hot springs.
Amendment: Actually the Anah in Genesis 36:2,14,18,25 mentioned above is the same as the Anah, the son of Zibeon in verse 24. In verse 2 and 14 it says, "Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite;." Some are confused with this wording and believe that it is saying that Anah is a daughter of Zibeon. In verse 24 it clearly says that Zibeon's two sons were Ajah and Anah. Since the original text does not have a literal word for "grand daughter" the word "bath" was used in both cases. But this sentence is stating that Aholibamah is the daughter of Anah and the "granddaughter" of Zibeon, not that Anah is the daughter of Zibeon.
Anak was the father of Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai in Numbers 13:22
Anan was one of the Israelites who sealed the covenant after the return from Babylon (Nehemiah 10:26).
Arnan was a descendant of David, father of Obadiah, and son of Rephaiah.
Azariah (Hebrew - עזריהו `aZaRYaHOo "God Helped"), son of Nathan, was appointed by King Solomon to be over his deputies. I Kings 4:5. For Azariah the priest see Azariah (high priest).
(Hebrew: בענא Ba`aNa)
- Baanah the Netophathite was the father of Heleb, one of King David's Warriors (2 Samuel 23:29, 1 Chronicles 11:30).
- Baanah the son of Ahilud, was one of Solomon's twelve regional administrators, having jurisdiction over Taanach, Meggido, and Beth-shean (I Kings 4:12).
- Baanah the son of Hushai, was one of Solomon's twelve regional administrators, having jurisdiction over Asher and [Bealoth|Aloth] (I Kings 4:16).
Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim was 80 years old at the time of Absalom's revolt against King David. Barzillai supplied provisions for David's army at Mahanaim (2 Samuel 17:27-29). After the death of Absalom, Barzillai, being an old man, was unable to accompany the king back to Jerusalem, but brought Chimham to David for the return journey (2 Samuel 19:31-37).
Hebrew: Sweet-smelling or Sweet-smile
- Basemath, wife of Esau, and daughter of Elon the Hittite (Genesis 26:34). She is thought to be identical to or a sister to Adah who is mentioned in Genesis 36.
- Basemath, another wife of Esau, daughter of Ishmael, sister to Nebajoth and mother of Reuel (Genesis 36:3). She is thought by some scholars to be the same as Mahalath of Genesis 28.
- Basemath, the daughter of Solomon; a wife of Ahimaaz. (1Kings 4:15)
Becher was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:
- The second of ten sons of Benjamin according to Genesis 46:21 and 1 Chronicles 7:6
- A son of Ephraim according to Numbers 26:35. His descendants were referred to as Bachrites.
Hebrew: בלע BeLa` "Crooked"
Bela was the name of three individuals mentioned in the Bible:
- Bela ben Beor, an Edomite king according to Genesis 36:32 and 1 Chronicles 1:43
- (also "Belah") The first of ten sons of Benjamin according to Genesis 46:21, Numbers 26:38, and 1 Chronicles 7 and 8.
- A son of Azaz according to 1 Chronicles 5:8
Ben Abinadab (Hebrew בנ אבינדב BeN ,'aḄYNaDaḄ "My Father is Liberal"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Dor, and he was married to Taphath, a daughter of Solomon. I Kings 4:11 (RSV).
Ben Dekar (Hebrew בנ דקר BeN DeQeR "Son of Pick"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Makaz, Shaalbim, Beth-shemesh, and Elon-beth-hanan. I Kings 4:9 (RSV).
Ben Geber (Hebrew בנ גבר BeN GeḄeR "Son of He-Man"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Ramoth Gilead and Argob. I Kings 4:13 (RSV).
Ben Hesed (Hebrew בנ חסד BeN ḤeÇeD "Son of Grace"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Aruboth, Sochoh, and Hepher. I Kings 4:10 (RSV).
Ben Hur (Hebrew בנ חור Ben Hur "Son of Hur") was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Ephraim. I Kings 4:8 (RSV).
Beno was the son of Merari and from Jaaziah 1 Chronicles 24:26-27.
Beriah is the name of four different biblical individuals:
- One of Asher's four sons, and father of Heber and Malchiel. (Gen. 46:17, Num. 26:44-5, I Chr. 7:30)
- A son of Ephraim (I Chr. 7:20-23), born after the killing of Ephraim's sons Ezer and Elead, and so called by his father "because it went badly with his house."
- A Benjamite, son of Elpaal. He and his brother Shema expelled the Gittites, and were patriarchs to the inhabitants of Ajalon. His sons were Michael, Ishpah and Joha. (I Chr. 8:13)
- A Levite, the son of Shimei. He was jointly patriarch of a clan with his brother Jeush. (I Chr. 23:10-11)
Bidkar (Hebrew: בדקר) was an officer of the Israelite king Jehu. Jehu ordered Bidkar to throw the body of the king he usurped, Jehoram, into the field of Naboth, fulfilling prophecy. II Kings 9:25
Carmi refers to two individuals mentioned in the Bible:
- The fourth son of Reuben according to Genesis 46:9, Numbers 26:6, and 1 Chronicles 5:3.
- The son of Zabdi, grandson of Zerah of the Tribe of Judah, and the father of Achan, according to Joshua 7:1. He was present at the Battle of Jericho.
Chalcol (Hebrew כלכל KhaLKoL - the same consonants with different vowel points (KiLKayL) means "maintain") was one of the exemplars of wisdom than whom Solomon was wiser. (I Kings 4:31)
Darda (Hebrew דַּרְדַּע "pearl of wisdom") was one of the exemplars of wisdom than whom Solomon was wiser. (I Kings 4:31)
- Son of Shemaiah, and officer to King Jehoiakim of Judah. He was one of the officers present at the delivery of a scroll sent by Jeremiah, (Jer. 36:12) and one of those who asked the king not to burn the scroll. (ibid. 36:25)
- Son of Elioenai, a descendant of the royal Davidic line through Jeconiah. (I Chr. 3:24)
- The head of a family that came up from the Babylonian exile with Zerubbabel, that was unable to give its ancestral genealogy. (Ezr. 2:60, Neh. 7:62)
- Son of Mehetabel and father of Shemaiah. (Neh. 6:10) He is probably identical to the previous entry.
Dibri of the house of Dan was the father of Shelomith, according to Leviticus 24:11. Shelomith's son was stoned to death by the people of Israel for blasphemy following Moses' issue of a ruling on the penalty to be applied for blasphemy.
Dishan (Hebrew דִּישׁוֹן dishon "ibex") was the youngest son of Seir the Horite. (Genesis 36:21)
Dodo (Hebrew דּוֹדוֹ dodo from דּוֹד dod meaning "beloved" or "father's brother") is a name given to three persons in the Bible:
- A descendant of Issachar (Judges 10:1).
- An Ahohite, father of Eleazar, who was one of David's three mighty men who were over the thirty. (2 Samuel 23:9; 1 Chronicles 11:12)
- A man from Bethlehem, and father of Elhanan, who was one of David's thirty heroes (2 Samuel 23:24).
- The father of Gaal, mentioned in Judges 9.
- The son of Jonathan, one of the heads of household who returned from the Babylonian exile in the Book of Ezra (Ezra 1:6).
Ebed-melech (Hebrew: עבד-מלך `eḆeD-MeLeKh "Slave of the king"), the Ethiopian eunuch, intervened with king Zedekiah on behalf of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 38:7ff)
Elasah (Hebrew: אלעשה meaning 'made by God') was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:
- The son of Shaphan, who was chosen by King Zedekiah of Judah to be one of the two messengers to take Jeremiah's letter to Nebuchadnezzar (Jeremiah 29:3) He was probably the brother of Ahikam, who had taken Jermiah's part at the time of his arrest after the temple sermon
- One of the sons of Pashur who was rebuked for marrying a foreign women (Ezra 10:18-19)
Eliadah (Hebrew: אלידע 'ELYaDa` "God Knows") was the father of Rezon (q.v.), regent of Damascus in the time of Solomon. I Kings 11:23
Eliasaph was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:
- The son of Deuel, the prince of the Tribe of Gad and one of the leaders of the tribes of Israel, according to Numbers 1:14 and Numbers 10:20.
- The son of Lael and the chief of the house of Gershon according to Numbers 3:24.
Elihoreph (Hebrew אליחרף) was a scribe in King Solomon's court. He was a son of Shisha and brother of Ahiah. (I Kings: 4:3) The name means "'my God repays,' or 'my God is the giver of the autumn harvest,'".
Elimelech was the husband of Naomi. Together they had two sons, Mahlon and Chilion. He was originally a resident of Bethlehem before moving to Moab with his family, where he died (see Ruth 1:1-3). All of his property was later purchased by Boaz (see Ruth 4:9).
Elionenai was a descedant of David. He was the father of Akkub, and son of Neariah.
Elishama (Hebrew: אלישמע My God Heard) was the name of several biblical characters, including:
- Elishama, a son of Ammihud, a prince of the house of Ephraim and one of the leaders of the tribes of Israel, according to Numbers 1:10.
- Elishama the scribe (Jeremiah 36:12)
Elnathan (Hebrew אלנתן El-Natan "God Gave") ben Achbor of Jerusalem was the father of Nehushta. Nehushta conceived Jeconiah with King of Judah Jehoiakim. Despite this close relationship to the king, Elnathan is one of those who, according to Jeremiah 36:25 opposes Jehoiakim when he cuts up and burns a scroll that had been brought to him, containing Jeremiah's prophesies of the forthcoming destruction of Judah. Elnathan's father Achbor was a strong supporter of the earlier reforms of king Josiah, which may have influenced Elnathan's behaviour - though he had earlier been closely involved in the persecution of the prophet Uriah ben Shemaiah, according to Jeremiah 26:20-23.
- A son of Zebulun according to Genesis 46:14 and Numbers 26:26. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.
- Elon, one of the judges of Israel.
Elzaphan was a son of Uzziel of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:22, born in Egypt. He was a nephew of Amram and a cousin of Aaron, Miriam, and Moses. He and Mishael were asked by Moses to carry away Nadab's and Abihu's bodies to a place outside the camp. (Leviticus 10:4). In the wilderness of Sinai he was named chief of the house of Kohath (Numbers 3:30).
Ephron the Hittite, son of Zohar, lived in Mamre among the children of Heth. He was the owner of the property that included the Cave of Machpelah, which he sold to Abraham for four hundred shekels of silver. (Genesis 23:8-17)
Ezbon is the name of two people mentioned in the Bible:
- A son of Gad (Genesis 46:16). In Numbers 26:16 his name is given as Ozni, whose descendants constitute the Oznite clan.
- A son of Benjamin (I Chr. 7:7).
Geber (Hebrew: גבר, GeḆeR, "He-man"), son of Uri, was one of King Solomon's regional administrators; his territory was Gilead. (First Kings 4:19)
Gemariah (Hebrew: גמריה which means, "God completed me" is the name of at least two biblical characters:
- Gemariah son of Shaphan in chapter 36 of Jeremiah. His own son Micaiah hears Jeremiah's secretary Baruch read Jeremiah's prophecies against the nation, and reports to a meeting of the court officials, including his father, nearby. This leads to the scroll being read before king Jehoiakim, who cuts it up and burns it despite the protestations of Gemariah and Elnathan ben Achbor.
- Gemariah son of Hilkiah, one of the envoys whom King Zedekiah sent to Babylonia (Jeremiah 29:3) Nothing else is known of him; he was hardly the brother of Jeremiah, whose father was also named Hilkiah.
Genubath (Hebrew: גנבת GNuḆaTh "Stolen") is mentioned in I Kings 11:20 as the son born to Hadad the Edomite and the sister of Queen Tahpenes, Pharaoh's wife.
Hebrew: גרא GeR'a "stranger"
- In Genesis 46:21 Gera is the fourth of ten sons of Benjamin.
- Gera is also the name of the father of Shimei (2 Samuel 19:16)
- Gera is also the name of two of the sons of Bela (see above), making both nephews of the earlier Gera. (I Chronicles 8:3,5)
- Gera is also the name of the father of Ehud, a "Benjamite, a man left-handed" - Book of Judges, 3:15.
Haahashtari was one of the sons of Naarah (1 Chronicles 4:6)
Habazziniah was the head of a family of Rechabites (Jeremiah 35:3)
According to I Kings 11:23, Hadadezer (Hebrew: הדדעזר HaDaD`eZeR "Hadad Helps") was king of Zobah.
Haddad the Edomite was an adversary of Solomon (I Kings 10:14)
Hakkoz is the name of two or three biblical individuals:
- Head of the seventh of twenty-four priestly divisions created by King David. (I Chr. 24:10)
- Head of a family of priests after the Babylonian exile. Unable to prove their lineage, the family lost its priesthood status. (Ezr. 2:61, Neh. 7:63)
- Father of Uriah and grandfather of Meremoth, who assisted Nehemiah in rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem. (Neh. 3:4, 3:21) He is probably identical to the previous entry.
Hanameel (Hebrew: חנמאל, which means "rest from God") A cousin of Jeremiah from whom the latter bought property. Jeremiah 32:7ff.
Hananiah (Hebrew: חנניה, which means "my rest is God") is the name of at least two biblical characters:
- Hananiah son of Zerubbabel, the father of Jeshaiah, was a descendant of David.
- Hananiah son of `aZOoR, a prophet in the time of king Zedekiah. He opposed the prophet Jeremiah, was denounced by Jeremiah, and died within a year of denunciation. Jeremiah chapter 28.
Haran, or Aran (Hebrew הָרָן) refers to three minor biblical people in the Hebrew Bible:
- Haran, son of Terah, from Ur of the Chaldees. He fathered Lot, Milcah and Iscah. (Genesis 11:27-29)
- Haran, son of Caleb, a descendant of Jacob, and Ephah his mother. Father of 1.Gazez, and brother of 2.Gazez. (1Chronicles 2:46)
- Haran, son of Shimei, a Levite who lived in the age of King David that had some important religious or political role. (1 Chronicles 23:1-9)
Harim (Hebrew: חָרִם; "destroyed" or "dedicated to God") was the name of three biblical patriarchs:
- Head of the third of twenty-four priestly divisions instituted by King David. (I Chr. 24:8)
- Head of a non-priestly family, with 320 members, which returned with Zerubbabel. (Ezr. 2:32, Neh. 7:35) Eight members of this family were found to have married gentile women, whom they divorced. (Ezr. 10:31) Harim's son Malchijah was one of those who helped repair the walls of Jerusalem, including the Tower of the Furnaces. (Neh. 3:11) His seal was on the renewed covenant with God made by the Babylonian returnees. (Neh. 10:28)
- Head of a priestly family, with 1017 members, which returned with Zerubbabel. (Ezr. 2:39, Neh. 7:42) Five members of this family were found to have married gentile women, whom they divorced. (Ezr. 10:21) His seal was also on the renewed covenant. (Neh. 10:6) The head of his family at the time of the return was Adna. (Neh. 12:152)
Heber or Chéver (Hebrew: חֶבֶר / חָבֶר, Modern Ḥéver / Ḥáver Tiberian Ḥéḇer / Ḥāḇer ; "friend", "connected") is the grandson of the patriarch Asher mentioned at Genesis 46:17 and in Numbers 26:45. Heber probably should not be confused with the Eber who was Noah's descendant.
- In Genesis 46:9, Hezron is a son of Reuben and the founder of the Hezronites.
- In Genesis 46:12, Hezron is grandson of Judah and the son of Pharez.
- The father of Abdon, in the Book of Judges.
Hiram (Hebrew: חירם ḤYRaM "My Life Exalted") of Tyre, son of a widow of the tribe of Naphtali whose father was a craftsman in bronze, was given the metal work of King Soloman's temple. I Kings 7:13-14. According to The Interpreter's Bible, Hiram is a shortened form of אחירם ('aḥîrām, "brother of Ram the lofty one.
Hobab was Moses' brother-in-law (Numbers 10:29) or father-in-law (Judges 4:11). The relevant part of Numbers 10:29 reads: "And Moses said unto Hobab, the son of Reuel the Midianite, Moses' father-in-law". That of Judges 4:11 reads: "Now Heber the Kenite had severed himself from the Kenites, even from the children of Hobab the father-in-law of Moses". Moses invited Hobab to take part in the Exodus journey into the Promised Land, wanting to make use of his local knowledge, but Hobab preferred to return home to Midian (Numbers 10:29-31).
Huppim חופים or Hupham - חופם was the ninth son of Benjamin in Genesis 46:21 and Numbers 26:39.
Imla (im'la; "full"), the father of Micaiah, which latter was the prophet who ironically foretold the defeat of the allied kings of Judah and Israel against Ramoth-gilead (2 Chron 18:7-8). In the parallel passage (1 Kings 22:8-9) his name is written Imlah.
Immer was a member of the priestly family whose sons, Hanani and Zebadiah, had both taken pagan wives but repented during the communal confession instigated by the biblical priest Ezra.
Irijah (Hebrew יראייה YiR'Y-YH "My fear is of God" or "God sees me") is an official who arrests Jeremiah on suspicion of desertion - Jeremiah 37:13
Jehoiada (Hebrew: יהוידע,Yehoyada, which means "God Knew") was the name of at least three people in the Hebrew Bible:
- Jehoiada, a priest durings the reigns of Ahaziah, Athaliah, and Joash (q.v.)
- Jehoiada, father of Benaiah (cf. Benaiah)
- Jehoiada, a priest in the time of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 29:26)
The name Jamin means right hand. There are three different Jamins in the Bible:
- a son of Simeon according to Genesis 46:10, Exodus 6:15, and Numbers 26:12. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.
- Man of Judah, see 1 Chronicles 2:27
- Post exile Levite who interpreted the law, see Nehemiah 8:7,8
Japhia was the king of Lachish, one of the five kings of the Amorites whose battle against the settling Israelites led by Joshua is reported in Joshua 10:1-15. Along with the other four kings, he was subsequently found in a cave at Makkedah, where he was killed and buried by Joshua and his forces (Joshua 10:26-27).
Jarha was an Egyptian slave of Sheshan who was married to Sheshan's daughter according to 1 Chronicles 2:34-35.
Jecholiah (Hebrew: יכליהו, YeKhaLYaHOo) of Jerusalem was the wife of the King of Judah, Amaziah, and the mother of King Azariah. II Kings 15:2
Jehoaddan (Hebrew: יהועדן, Yehōaddān; "YHWH delights") was a native of Jerusalem, the wife of King Joash of Judah, and mother of his successor, King Amaziah. II Kings 14:2
Jehoshaphat (Hebrew: יהושפט, YeHOShaPhaT, God Judges) son of Paruah, was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators, his jurisdiction was Issachar. (I Kings 4:17)
Jehosphaphat, son of Ahilud, was King Solomon's recorder. (I Kings 4:3)
Jehudi (Hebrew יהודי "Judahite") "the son of Nethaniah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi" (Jeremiah 36:14) was one of the delegates the princes sent to fetch Baruch, Jeremiah's scribe, to read his scroll.
Jephunneh (יְפֻנֶּה) is a biblical name which means "for whom a way is prepared", and was the name of two biblical figures:
- A descendant of Judah, and father of Kenaz and Caleb the spy or scout, who appears to have belonged to an Edomitish tribe called Kenezites, from Kenaz their founder. See (Numbers 13:6 etc.; Num. 32:12 etc.; Josh 14:14 etc.; 1 Chr 4:15.) (BCE 1530.)
- A descendant of Asher, eldest of the three sons of Jether. (1 Chronicles 7:38.) (BCE 1017.)
Jeshaiah may refer to multiple figures in the Bible:
- A descendant of David, the father of Rephaiah, and the son of Hananiah in 1 Chronicles 3:21.
- One of eight sons of Jeduthun in 1 Chronicles 25:3.
Jezebel was a false prophetess whom Jesus warned the church in Thyatira not to follow. She encouraged her followers to be promiscuous and to eat food sacrificed to idols. Jesus gave her a chance to repent of her sins, but she did not; thus, Jesus promised to punish her (see Revelation 2:20-23).
Joash, an Abiezrite of the Tribe of Manasseh, was the father of Gideon according to Judges 6 - 8. His family was poor and lived in Ophrah. After Gideon tore down the altar of Baal and cut down the grove, the men of Ophrah sought to kill Gideon. Joash stood against them, saying, "He that will plead for [Baal], let him be put to death whilst it is yet morning: if he be a god, let him plead for himself, because one hath cast down his altar."
Jobab is the name of at least five men in the Hebrew Bible.
- A son of Joktan according to Genesis 10:29 and 1 Chronicles 1:23.
- Jobab ben Zerah, a King of Edom according to Genesis 36:33 and 1 Chronicles 1:44.
- King of Madon, one of the kings who fought against Israel in Joshua 11.
- A son of Shaharaim and Hodesh according to 1 Chronicles 8:9.
- A son of Elpaal according to 1 Chronicles 8:18.
Joel is the name of several men in the Hebrew Bible.
- The firstborn son of the prophet Samuel. According to I Samuel chapter 8, Joel and his brother Abijah were appointed by Samuel to be judges in Beersheba. However, Joel and Abijah "walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment" prompting the Israelites to demand that Samuel give them a king.
- An ancestor of Samuel (mentioned in 1Ch 6:21).
- A Simeonite prince (1Ch 4:35).
- A Reubenite; father of Shemaiah (1Ch 5:4–8).
- A Gadite chief (1Ch 5:12).
- A chief of Issachar (1Ch 7:3).
- One of David's mighty men, indicated as the brother of Nathan (1Ch 11:38).
- A Gershonite, a prince in the time of David (Chronicles 15:7; 23:8; 26:22).
- Son of Pedaiah; a Manassite chief in the time of David (1Ch 27:20).
- A Kohathite in the time of Hezekiah (2Ch 29:12).
- One of those who married foreign wives (Ezra 10:43).
- Son of Zichri; a Benjamite overseer after the Exile (Nehemiah 11:9).
Johanan son of Kareah
Johanan (Hebrew: יוחנן "God is merciful") son of Kareah was among the officers who survived the destruction of Jerusalem and exile of Judeans by the king of Babylon; he warned Gedaliah, the governor, of a plot to kill him, but was ignored. Jeremiah 40 7ff.
Joiarib ("God will contend") is the name of two biblical persons:
- Ancestor of Maaseiah the son of Barukh, who was one of those to resettle Jerusalem after the return from Babylonia. (Neh. 11:5)
- The head of a family of priests at the time of the return from Babylonia. (Neh. 12:6) He was one of the "men of understanding" sent by Ezra to Iddo in order to procure men to minister in the Temple. (Ezr. 8:16) His son was Jedaiah, one of the priests to resettle Jerusalem. (Neh. 11:10) The head of the family at the time of Joiakim was Mattenai. (Neh. 12:19)
Jonathan son of Abiathar
Jonathan son of Kareah
Jonathan (Hebrew: יונתן "God gave") son of Kareah was among the officers who survived the destruction of Jerusalem and exile of Judeans by the king of Babylon; he was brother to Johanan q.v. - Jeremiah 40:8
Joshua the Bethshemite
Joshua the governor of the city
Joshua (Hebrew: יהושע YeHOShu'a "God saves") was a city governor in the time of King Josiah of Judah. II Kings 23:8
Jozachar (Hebrew: יוֹזָכָר, YOZaKhaR, "God Remembered"), son of Shimeath, was one of the assassinators of king Joash of Judah. In 2 Kings 12:21 the Hebrew is יוזבד, YOZaBaD.
Judas of Straight Street in Damascus
When he went blind at his conversion experience, Paul the Apostle stayed at the home of a man named Judas who lived on Straight Street in Damascus. Then, Jesus told Ananias to go to Judas' house and restore Paul's sight (see Acts 9:1-19).
Julia was a Christian woman at Rome to whom Paul sent his salutations in Romans 16:15, supposed to be the wife of Philologus.
Kolaiah ("voice of Jehovah") is the father of the false prophet Ahab (Jeremiah 29:21). It is also the name of an ancestor of Sallu that settled in Jerusalem after returning from the Babylonian exile (Nehemiah 11:7).
- List of biblical names
- List of burial places of biblical figures
- List of major biblical figures
- List of minor biblical tribes
- "ABDEEL". JewishEncyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, "Abdi."
- This verse, in the King James Version and some other Bibles, is verse 44 of chapter 6.
- Jewish Publication Society Bible of 1917
- This section on Abdon incorporates information from the 1897 Easton's Bible Dictionary.
- Easton's Bible Dictionary entry on Adah
- Moby Dick, Chapter 16. "The Ship"
- The New Jerome Biblical Commentary, 1991, pages 287288
- Magonet, Jonathan (1992) Bible Lives (London, SCM), 116
- I Kings 22:26
- http://www.studylight.org/dic/ebd/view.cgi?number=T228. Missing or empty
- "Ashbel baby name meaning, origin and description of Biblical character". Biblical-baby-names.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, "Basemath"
- Jeremiah 41:17
- Lev. 24:15-16
- The Interpreter's Bible, 1951, volume V, page 1017
- Holman Bible Dictionary.
- See for example Magonet, Jonathan (1992) Bible Lives (London, SCM), 107
- Jeremiah 36:25
- The Interpreter's Bible, Buttrick, 1954, Abingdon Press, Volume III, Snaith, p. 51
- Ezra 10:20
- Clarke, Adam (1831). Commentary and Critical Notes. New York: J. Emory and B. Waugh.
- (1 Chronicles 9:35-39)
- Judges 6 - 8
- Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "JOEL". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
- Easton's Bible Dictionary entry on Julia
- "Kerenhappuch - Smith's Bible Dictionary - Bible Dictionary". Christnotes.org. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "Easton's Bible Dictionary". Ccel.org. 2005-07-13. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- Mandel, David (2007). Who's who in the Jewish Bible. Jewish Publication Society. p. 241. ISBN 0-8276-0863-2.