The Cock Inn public house, Hanwood
Hanwood shown within Shropshire
|OS grid reference||SJ443096|
|Civil parish||Great Hanwood|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||West Midlands|
|UK Parliament||Shrewsbury and Atcham|
Hanwood is a large village in Shropshire, England.
It is located 3 miles (4.8 km) SW of Shrewsbury town centre, on the A488 road. The A5 is only a mile away. The Cambrian Line runs through the village but there is no longer a station here. It was closed in 1964, as a result of the Beeching Axe.
The Rea Brook flows through the village and the village is laid along the floor of a small valley.
Hanwood Bank is a smaller village adjoining Hanwood, further north on the A488 towards Shrewsbury.
Hanwood has a small combined post office and shop, a garage (but no longer a petrol station), a pub (The Cock Inn), and a primary school, named St. Thomas' & St. Anne's C. of E., which serves an area previously covered by schools at Cruckmeole and Lea Cross as well as Hanwood itself. There are three Royal Mail post boxes at different points along the A488 in the centre of the village.
Hanwood's Village Hall was originally built in 1938 as the Pavilion for the social use of miners then working at the former Hanwood Colliery and it has been extended or refurbished a number of times since it was given to the Hanwood Parish Council.
The chiefly red brick nave-and-chancel church was rebuilt in 1701, and reconstructed in 1856 by Shrewsbury architect John Laurence Randal, who rebuilt the south wall of the nave, extended the nave westwards, and added the north porch, vestry and tiled timber bellcote. There is stone masonry at the foundation level that may have come from the mediaeval church and the east window frame in the chancel apse has some 15th-century masonry. The stained glass windows in the chancel and one of the others in the nave, were installed in 1856 by Shrewsbury glass-stainers David and Charles Evans.
Besides a painted wooden war memorial plaque listing parish dead of both World Wars, the church contains a number of family war memorials in various forms. The stone pulpit was given by his parents in memory of Walter Atherton (killed in 1917), replacing a wooden pulpit that had been in the church since before its 1856 rebuild, and a brass eagle-shaped lectern in memory of his kinsman, Charles William Atherton (killed 1915), while a marble plaque lists five members of the De Grey-Warter family who died on active service in South Africa, World War I and World War II.
A single-storey extension with meeting room, kitchen, toilet and other facilities was added at the south-west corner in 2003.
The former Wales Rugby Union football international, John Strand Jones (1877–1958), was a resident Rector of Hanwood from 1929 to 1934. Since the last Rector of Hanwood in its own right left in 1999 St Thomas' parish is now part of the Church of England Benefice of Hanwood, Longden and Annscroft with Pulverbatch, within the Diocese of Hereford.
The village is the main settlement of the civil parish of Great Hanwood whose governing body is the unwarded Great Hanwood Parish Council, and has also been represented on the unitary Shropshire Council since 2009. Up to 2009 the civil parish was doubly represented, in both the Shrewsbury and Atcham Borough Council and the Shropshire County Council, which both ceased to exist that year with the creation of the unitary council. It is represented in Parliament within the Shrewsbury and Atcham constituency.
Hanwood Colliery and brickworks
From the 19th to the 20th century the main industrial employer of Hanwood was coal mining, by the Hanwood Colliery, whose shaft was strictly outside the parish boundary to its west within the parish of Pontesbury near Cruckmeole. It was working in 1873, owned by Samuel Atherton of Cruckmeole who also owned another colliery nearby at Shorthill. It was sold in 1921 to Arthur Nicholas Fielden (son of Edward Brocklehurst Fielden) who linked it underground to a colliery already owned by him at Moat Hall near Annscroft. It continued, with an underground workforce that decreased from 248 in 1921 to 50 by 1941, until fully closing in 1942. The coal mined was in a seam known as Thin Coal, 25,000 tons a year being produced by the colliery in the last two decades it operated. The shaft was 468 feet deep, the seam was a half-yard (18 inches) thick and 900 feet underground at the furthest point from the shaft, and ultimately entailed a long walk of about two and a half miles of gradual slope to and from the coalface.
The area worked for coal extended between the Shrewsbury-Yockleton road in the north, Wood Hall and Moat Hall in the south, Cruckton and Shorthill in the west and Hanwood Bank to the east.
A by-product of the coal mining was clay which was utilized in brick-making, in addition to that from a claypit in Orchard Lane, Hanwood. The brickworks also being owned by the Athertons/Fieldens, and another employer of Hanwood men. It utilized coal, which was known for easily igniting and producing an intense heat, from the Hanwood pit but ceased working by 1945. Hanwood bricks were in great demand as liners as they were cheaper than most other Shropshire-made bricks.
Clopton Lloyd-Jones (1858–1918), sportsman noted for scoring the only goal of the 1880 FA Cup Final, was born at Hanwood House, which was demolished in 1971 and on whose site was laid out the private housing estate of Woodlands Avenue, Chestnut Close and Beech Close. He was baptised in Hanwood Church which contains a memorial plaque. In 1901 he inherited, but did not inhabit, the house called "The Glen" (previously "Hanwood Villa") beside the church.
Lieutenant-General Sir Edwin Alderson (1859–1927) had his home at The Glen as a subtenant in the years 1914 to 1916, coinciding with his period commanding the Canadian Expeditionary Force in World War I. He unveiled the village's war memorial cross (north side of main road adjacent Cock Inn) in 1921, when he admitted he was living in the village when the war started and claimed to be the first resident called on for active service.
The Hanwood & Cruckton Herald is a newsletter distributed free to all 550 households in Hanwood and Cruckton four times a year with an associated website (). The newsletter and website editor is Professor Bob Scott. St Thomas' Parish Magazine for Hanwood & Cruckton, produced by the local parish church, is published ten months of the year, incorporating a parish diary page that is also given free separately to households that do not take the paid magazine and newsletter from Hanwood Parish Council. The church has an associated website (), giving information on current church and community activities.
There is a Hanwood Community Facebook page, launched in 2012, also advertising community activities, at .
The first incarnation of Hanwood United F.C. came about in 1890. From 1906 to the 1930s they were known as Hanwood Rangers, from the 1930s to 1948 they operated under the name of Hanwood Colliery or Miners Welfare, and from 1948 to 1958 as Hanwood Athletic, reforming under their present name in 1965.
The team currently play in the West Midlands (Regional) League's Division One. They were the Shropshire County League champions for the 2007–8 season and have since been promoted again to reach their present position at Step 7 of the English football pyramid. (They also won the County League in the 2005-6 and 2006-7 seasons but chose not to change leagues.) The Reserve side currently play in the Mercian Regional Football League's Division One. Its home pitch is on the recreation ground of Hanwood Village Hall.
- "Village post office on move to new location, Bosses say full range of services will be available at new base.". Shropshire Star. 16 January 2016. p. 17.Up until early January 2016 the two were separate buildings before the shop took on the role of post office.
- Great Hanwood "Through all its changing scenes". Great Hanwood Jigsaw Group. 1991. p. 29.
- Great Hanwood 'Through all its changing scenes'. p. 50.
- Great Hanwood 'Through all its changing scenes'. p. 22.
- Newman, John; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2006). The Buildings of England: Shropshire. Yale University Press. p. 282. ISBN 0-300-12083-4.
- Francis, Peter (2013). Shropshire War Memorials, Sites of Remembrance. YouCaxton Press. p. 81. ISBN 978-1-909644-11-3.
- CWGC Debt of Honour Register.
- Great Hanwood Parish Council website.
- Gaydon, Lawson, A.T., J.B. (1982). A History of Pontesbury. Shropshire Libraries. p. 280. ISBN 0-903802-23-6.Reprinted extract from article on Pontesbury Parish in Victoria County History of Shropshire (1968).
- Great Hanwood "Through all its changing scenes". p. 13.
- Great Hanwood 'Through all its changing scenes'. p. 15.
- Great Hanwood 'Through all its changing scenes'. p. 16.
- "Shropshire M.F.H. to Command Division". Wellington Journal and Shrewsbury News. 15 October 1914.Earliest mention of The Glen and himself.
- "Lt.-General Sir Edwin Alderson". Wellington Journal and Shrewsbury News. 1 July 1916.Latest mention of The Glen and himself.
- "Hanwood War Memorial Unveiled". Wellington Journal and Shrewsbury News. 19 February 1921.
- "Profile – Bill Longmore. Incredible journey of county's crime chief.". Shropshire Star. 25 May 2013. p. 16.Report by Claire Dunn.
Media related to Hanwood at Wikimedia Commons