Hankyu Takarazuka Main Line

Hankyu Takarazuka Main Line

A 6000 series EMU on a "Local" service for Hibarigaoka-Hanayashiki
Native name 阪急宝塚本線
Locale Kansai
Termini Umeda
Stations 19
Operator(s) Hankyu Railway
Depot(s) Hirai Depot
Line length 24.5 km (15.2 mi)
Number of tracks Quad (Umeda - Jūsō)
Double (Jūsō - Takarazuka)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC, overhead lines
Operating speed 100 km/h (62 mph)
Route map

The Hankyu Takarazuka Main Line (阪急宝塚本線 Hankyū Takarazuka Honsen) is a Japanese railway line operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Railway. It connects Umeda Station in downtown Osaka with Takarazuka Station in Takarazuka, Hyogo.

It has a branch line, the Minoo Line, and the Nose Electric Railway is another longer branch line. The Imazu Line connects at Takarazuka, but it is treated as a branch of the Kobe Line.

The Takarazuka Main Line is commonly called the Takarazuka Line (宝塚線 Takarazuka sen) for short, but the name Takarazuka Line is sometimes used as the name for the network composed of the main line and the branches.

The line has numerous sharp curves from the line's origins as a tramway, built and opened by its predecessor Minoo Arima Electric Tramway (箕面有馬電気軌道 Minoo Arima Denki Kido). The sharp curves have long hindered high speed operation, contrasting to the Hankyu's other main lines, Kobe and Kyoto.


The Minoo Arima Electric Tramway opened the entire line on March 10, 1910 as 1435mm gauge dual track, electrified at 600 VDC. Although the line was not a prospect interurban as Takarazuka was not a big city, it saw initial success thanks to the company's aggressive measures. It strategically developed housing areas along the line for the increasing white-collar population who would commute to central Osaka by train. It also opened a zoo in Minoo (on the Minoo Line) in November 1910, a hot spring in Takarazuka in May 1911, and a ballpark in Toyonaka in 1913.[1]

The track between Umeda and Jūsō was shared with the Kobe Line from 1920 to 1926 when the original double track was replaced by an elevated four-track line.[1]

In comparison with the Kobe Line, cars used on the Takarazuka Line were small and old. Larger (Kobe Line standard) cars could not operate on the line until 1952 due to its small structure gauge.[1] Small cars were eliminated in December 1963.[2] On August 24, 1969 the voltage was raised to 1500 VDC. As the commuters increased, Hankyu's first 10-car operation began on the Takarazuka Line in March 1982.[2]

Following the elevation work of Kawanishi-Noseguchi Station, through services to Nose Electric Railway began on November 17, 1997.[3]

Service patterns

As of diagram revision on March 21, 2015[4]

Local (普通 Futsū) (L)
All-stations service
Semi-Express (準急 Junkyū) (SE)
Operated on weekday mornings
Express (急行 Kyūkō) (Ex)
Commutation Limited Express (通勤特急 Tsūkin Tokkyū) (CLE)
Simply "Limited Express" in English, operated from Kawanishi-Noseguchi to Umeda on weekday mornings. The trains are composed of 10 cars and the last car (Kawanishi side) is only for women.
Limited Express (特急日生エクスプレス Tokkyū Nissei Express) (LE)
From Nissei-Chūō on Nose Electric Railway to Umeda in the morning and vice versa on weekday evenings.


No. Station Japanese SE Ex CLE LE Connections Location
HK-01 Umeda 梅田 O O O O Kita-ku, Osaka Osaka Prefecture
HK-02 Nakatsu 中津 O | |
HK-03 Jūsō 十三 O O O O Yodogawa-ku, Osaka
HK-41 Mikuni 三国 | | |
HK-42 Shōnai 庄内 | | | Toyonaka
HK-43 Hattori-tenjin 服部天神 | | |
HK-44 Sone 曽根 O | |
HK-45 Okamachi 岡町 O | |
HK-46 Toyonaka 豊中 O O O |
HK-47 Hotarugaike 蛍池 O O |
HK-48 Ishibashi 石橋 O O O O Ikeda
HK-49 Ikeda 池田 O O O O
HK-50 Kawanishi-noseguchi 川西能勢口 O O O O Kawanishi Hyōgo Prefecture
HK-51 Hibarigaoka-Hanayashiki 雲雀丘花屋敷 O O Takarazuka
HK-52 Yamamoto 山本 O O
HK-53 Nakayama-kannon 中山観音 O O
HK-54 Mefu-Jinja 売布神社 O O
HK-55 Kiyoshikōjin 清荒神 O O
HK-56 Takarazuka 宝塚 O O

Rolling stock


This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

  1. 1 2 3 Miki, Masafumi (March 2015). "阪急宝塚線の歴史過程". The Railway Pictorial (in Japanese). Denkisha Kenkyūkai Tetsudōtosho Kankōkai (901): 10.
  2. 1 2 Shinohara, Susumu (March 2015). "宝塚線 車両・運転のエピソード". The Railway Pictorial (in Japanese). Denkisha Kenkyūkai Tetsudōtosho Kankōkai (901): 56.
  3. Nose Electric Railway Co., Ltd. "沿革・年譜". Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  4. "2015年3月21日(土・祝)初発より阪急宝塚線のダイヤ改正を実施" [Diagram revision on the Hankyu Takarazuka Line on March 21, 2015] (PDF) (in Japanese). Hankyu Corporation. January 20, 2015. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  5. 阪急電鉄、新型車両1000系営業運転開始-ファンに見守られ梅田駅出発 [New Hankyu 1000 series trains enter service - Departure from Umeda Station seen off by railfans]. Umeda Keizai Shimbun (in Japanese). Japan: Riccrea, Inc. 28 November 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
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