Hafiz Hakki Pasha

Hafiz Hakki Pasha
1315 (1899) P.-2[1]

Hafiz Hakki Pasha
Born 24.4.1878
Edirne, Ottoman Empire
Died 15 February 1915(1915-02-15) (aged 36–37)
Erzurum, Ottoman Empire
Allegiance Ottoman Empire
Years of service Ottoman: 1901-February 12, 1915
Rank Mirliva
Commands held X Corps, Third Army
Battles/wars Balkan Wars
First World War

Hafiz Hakki Pasha (Turkish: Hafız Hakkı Paşa , 1878, Edirne, Ottoman Empire - February 15, 1915; Erzurum) was a General of the Ottoman Empire military.

Hafiz Hakki was a classmate of Enver Pasha, Mahmud Kâmil Pasha, and Fahreddin Pasha. He graduated from the Ottoman Military Academy second in his class (Fahreddin was first, Enver was fourth, Mahmud Kâmil was eighth) and graduated from the Ottoman Military College first in his class (Enver was second, Mahmud Kâmil was fourth, Fahreddin was seventh) on December 5, 1902.[1] He was known as one of the "Freedom Heroes" in 1908.[2]

Hafiz Hakki fought in the Balkan wars in 1912 and then wrote books about how armies should be led.

General Hakkı was one of the Ottoman commanders at the Battle of Sarikamish. At this battle, the large Ottoman army was utterly defeated by a smaller Russian force. During the retreat, the Ottoman army was nearly annihilated, mostly due to bitterly cold temperatures.

He was married on 17.2.1910 with the Ottoman Princes Behiye Sultan a daughter of Prince Mehmed Selaheddin. He left descendants.

Hafız was appointed by Enver Pasha to take over the remnants of the Ottoman army in the Caucasus in early 1915. He died of typhus in Erzerum in 1915 just a few weeks later.


  1. 1 2 Harp Akademileri Komutanlığı, Harp Akademilerinin 120 Yılı, İstanbul, 1968, p. 27. (Turkish)
  2. Erik Jan Zürcher, The Unionist factor: the Role of the Committee of Union and Progress in the Turkish National Movement, 1905-1926, BRILL, 1984, p. 47.

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