Habibullāh Kalakāni

Habibullah Kalakani
Bachi-Saqaw حبیب الله کلکانی
King of Afghanistan
King of Afghanistan
Reign 17 January 1929 – 16 October 1929
Coronation 17 January 1929
Predecessor Inayatullah Khan
Successor Mohammed Nadir Shah
Born 19 January 1891
Kalakan, Kabul Province
Died 1 November 1929(1929-11-01) (aged 38)
Kabul, Kabul Province
Full name
Habibullah Kalakani
Religion Islam

King Habibullah Kalakani (Dari: حبیب‌الله کلکانی; 19 January 1891 – 1 November 1929, was King of Afghanistan from January to October 1929 after deposing Amanullah Khan [1] After gaining power in Kabul,; however people knew him as Bachi-Saqaw (son of a water carrier). He was murdered nine months later by Nadir Khan.[2][3] Khalilullah Khalili, a Kohistani poet laureate, depicts King Habibullah Kalakani as a mujahid, a "warrior of God."[2]

Early years

Amir Habibullah was born in 1891 in the village of Kalakan, north of Kabul. An ethnic Tajik, his father was Aminullah

During his adolescence, Kalakani ventured out of his village and traveled to the city of Kabul. In the south, he met an old sufi who told the young Habibullah that he would become king one day. Later, he returned back to Kabul and joins King Amanullah Khan's army.


While the Afghan National Army was engulfed in battle with Pashtoon outlaw Tribes in Laghman and Nangarhar south of the country, Kalakani his friends began to attack Kabul from the north. The revolt caught steam and the country was thrown into a civil war. Wild tribesmen from Waziristan had the southern areas of Kabul surrounded, and Katakana's forces were moving into the heart of Kabul from the north.

In the middle of the night, on 14 January 1929, Amanullah Khan's pro-pashtoon tribal kingdom handed over his kingdom to his brother Inayatullah Khan and escaped from Kabul towards Kandahar in the south, fearing people's wrath. Two days later, on 16 January 1929, Kalakani wrote a letter to King Inayatullah Khan to either surrender or prepare to fight. Inayatullah Khan responded by explaining that he never wished to become king.


Habibullah Kalakani was king of Afghanistan for nine months. After nine months Nader Shah took over the power and Habibullah Kalakani was hanged with his men due to his hypocrisy and Nader Shad come to power.


  1. "Habibullah Kalakani". Afghanistan Online. Retrieved 3 September 2006.
  2. 1 2 Adamec, Ludwig W. (2011). Historical Dictionary of Afghanistan. Scarecrow Press. p. 183. ISBN 0-8108-7957-3. Retrieved 2012-08-28.
  3. Dupree, Louis: "Afghanistan", page 459. Princeton University Press, 1973
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Regnal titles
Preceded by
Inayatullah Khan
King of Afghanistan
17 January 1929 – 16 October 1929
Succeeded by
Mohammed Nadir Shah
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