HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed

HaNoar HaOved's emblem (semel). The motto reads in Hebrew and Arabic: "To Labour, Defense and Peace, Rise and Act"[1]

Histadrut HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed (Hebrew: הסתדרות הנוער העובד והלומד, lit. General Federation of Students and Young Workers in Israel and most commonly translated as Working and Studying Youth), abbreviated No'al (נוֹעַ"ל),[2] is an Israeli youth movement, a sister movement of Habonim Dror, and affiliated with the Labor Zionist movement.

Histadrut HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed are member of the International Falcon Movement – Socialist Education International.


HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed was founded in 1924. Initially it was called "Hanoar HaOved" ("Working Youth") and affiliated with the Histadrut. In 1959, the group joined "HaTnua HaMeuhedet" ("The United Movement") and the name was changed to HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed.[3]

In the 1990s, along with the decline of the kibbutz movement, HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed began re-examining the ideal life path of its members, which had always began settling kibbutzim in gar'inim after finishing their mandatory period of army service. Instead, a model started to be put forward in which bogrim ("graduates") of the movement formed small urban communes working in society, particularly in education. Today, there are about 1,000 members of HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed's Tnuat Bogrim ("Movement of Graduates") living in small communes in cities or kibbutzim and working in Israeli Society – mostly in education and the youth movement. The youth movement and the Tnuat Bogrim are called "Dror-Israel" movement, which is named after the historical "Dror" movement in Europe.

Some of the graduates of the movement have become Knesset members, prime ministers, and presidents, such as Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres and Moshe Ya'alon.

Goals of membership

The "Ken" (club) of the HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed in Givataim in Borochov neighborhood

The movement aims that each member aspires to the following goals:

  1. A movement graduate who sees the human being and his happiness as the central foundation of his creation and lives by this belief.
  2. A movement graduate who stands for democratic and socialist principles.
  3. A movement graduate who sees in the Jewish tradition a source of inspiration and influence, not a source of authority.
  4. A movement graduate whose own responsibility and criticism are the foundations of his life conception and life-style's consolidation.
  5. A movement graduate who bases his material and cultural existence on his own creation.
  6. A movement graduate who is involved and active in social changing processes led by his beliefs and concepts.
  7. A movement graduate whose ambition is to live in the state of Israel and takes part in its defense and building.
  8. A movement graduate whose ambition is to live in a Kibbutz or in any other socialist and cooperative way of living.

Organizational structure

HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed consists different branches. Each branch has unique activities but all share the same virtues and ideology. The branches are being referred to as nests, or "KENIM" in Hebrew.


HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed uniforms

The uniform of the HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed is a blue shirt (Blue collar) which symbolises the working class, with red lacing which symbolises Socialism.

See also


  1. new emblem to HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed at official movement's site (in Heberw)
  2. The Renewal of the Kibbutz: From Reform to Transformation, Raymond Russell, Robert Hanneman, Shlomo Getz
  3. Masada Myth: Collective Memory and Mythmaking in Israel,Nachman Ben-Yehuda
  4. from the Moshavim Youth committee, 1935: "א. הועידה קובעת שהנוער במושבים צריך לפעול במסגרת הסתדרות הנוער העובד. ב. מרכז הסתדרות הנוער העובד נדרש להתאים את כוונו ותוכנית פעולתו התיישבותנו ומשאלת הנוער בו. ג. נבחרת ועדה מיוחדת לנוער, שתפעל יחד עם ועד הנוער במושבים והסתדרות הנוער העובד. ד. על ועד המושבים להוציא מספר אנשים לפעולה בתוך הנוער העובד..."
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