HNLMS O 16
|Builder:||De Schelde, Flushing|
|Laid down:||28 December 1933|
|Launched:||27 January 1936|
|Commissioned:||16 October 1936|
|Fate:||Sunk by mine on 15 December 1941|
|Status:||Raised and scrapped in October 2013|
|Length:||76.53 m (251 ft 1 in)|
|Beam:||6.55 m (21 ft 6 in)|
|Draught:||3.97 m (13 ft 0 in)|
|Complement:||36 - 42|
O 16 was a unique submarine of the Royal Netherlands Navy that saw service during World War II. The design came from G. de Rooy and had a diving depth of 80 metres (260 ft). She was the first submarine of the Royal Netherlands Navy manufactured from high quality Steel 52. Also riveting was reduced 49% and replaced by welding when compared to preceding ships.
Before the war she performed convoy duties during the Spanish Civil War. In 1939 O 16 was sent to the Dutch East Indies via the Suez Canal and attached to the submarine division there. During the war she sank three Japanese troopships and damaged two others. On 15 December 1941 during her homebound voyage to Singapore O 16 hit a Japanese mine while leaving the Gulf of Siam. Only one man out of the crew of 42 survived.
In October 2013, a crane vessel was photographed dredging up the wreck for sale as scrap metal.
Summary of raiding history
|Date||Ship name||Nationality/Type||Tonnage (GRT)||Fate|
|10 December 1941||Ayatosan Maru/Sakura Maru||Japanese troopship||9,788/7,170||Damaged|
|12 December 1941||Tosan Maru||Japanese troopship||8,666||Sunk (later salvaged)|
|12 December 1941||Asosan Maru||Japanese troopship||8,812||Sunk (later salvaged)|
|12 December 1941||Kinka Maru||Japanese troopship||9,306||Sunk (later salvaged)|
|12 December 1941||Ayatosan Maru||Japanese troopship||9,788||Damaged|
- HMAS Perth: WWII warship grave stripped by salvagers, ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation), 13 Dec 2013, retrieved 16 Dec 2013
- "Dutch Submarines: The O 16 submarine class". dutchsubmarines.com. 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- "Dutch Submarines: The submarine O 16". dutchsubmarines.com. 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2013.