Guillaume-Antoine Olivier

Guillaume-Antoine Olivier
Born (1756-01-19)19 January 1756
Died 1 October 1814(1814-10-01) (aged 58)
Nationality French

Guillaume-Antoine Olivier (19 January 1756, Toulon 1 October 1814, Lyon) was a French entomologist.


Olivier studied medicine in Montpellier, where he became good friends with Pierre Marie Auguste Broussonet. With Jean Guillaume Bruguière and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, he collaborated in the creation of Journal d'Histoire Naturelle (1792). Afterwards, he served as a naturalist on a 6-year scientific journey that took him to Asia Minor, Persia, Egypt, Cyprus and Corfu. He returned to France in 1798 with a large collection of natural history specimens from his travels. Later, he was associated with the École nationale vétérinaire d'Alfort, where in 1811, he was appointed professor of zoology.[1] Olivier was a close friend of Johan Christian Fabricius and a patron of Pierre André Latreille.[2]

Although primarily an entomologist, Olivieri also worked in the scientific field of herpetology, describing several new species of Asian lizards.[3]


A plate from Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des Insectes, 1808

Olivier was the author of Coléoptères Paris Baudouin 1789 -1808 (11 editions),[4] Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des Insectes (1808) and Le Voyage dans l'Empire Othoman, l'Égypte et la Perse (1807). He was a contributor to Encyclopédie Méthodique.


Today, most of his collection is housed at the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris.[5]

A species of lizard, Mesalina olivieri, is named in his honor.[6]


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  1. JSTOR Global Plants (biography)
  2. "Guillaume Olivier 1756–1814". University of Nebraska–Lincoln. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
  3. "Olivier". The Reptile Database.
  4. Olivier, Guillaume Antoine (1789). Entomologie, ou, Histoire naturelle des insectes : avec leurs caractères génériques et spécifiques, leur description, leur synonymie, et leur enluminée / Coléoptères. Paris, France: De l'Imprimerie de Baudoin. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  5. University of Nebraska-Lincoln State Museum - Division of Entomology (biographical information)
  6. Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Olivieri", pp. 194-195).
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