Cairo by night
|Coordinates: 30°03′N 31°22′E / 30.050°N 31.367°ECoordinates: 30°03′N 31°22′E / 30.050°N 31.367°E|
Shubra El Kheima
6th of October City
Greater Cairo (Arabic: القاهرة الكبرى el qāhira el kubrā) is the largest metropolitan area in Egypt and the largest urban area in Africa. It is the third largest urban area in the Islamic World after Jakarta and Karachi, and the world's 16th largest metropolitan area, consisting of Cairo Governorate,New Cairo City, Giza, Shubra El-Kheima, 6th of October City and Obour City, with a total population estimated at 20,500,000 (as of 2012); area: 1,709 km2; density: 10,400/km2.
Greater Cairo and the surrounding area have a hot desert climate (BWh) in Köppen-Geiger classification, as all of Egypt. Cairo and its surrounding region have very similar day to day temperatures; however, the less populated parts at the east and the west do not have the urban heat, which makes them more prone to have ground frost and soft hail.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
60& of informal housing, normally unsafe, are located in the Greater Cairo area. Between the deteriorating infrastructure, congestion and overcrowding of roads, and streets, the noise, pollution, and lack of services one can not underestimate the huge challenges which face this urban area.
- Helwan (including 15th of May City)
- Shubra El Kheima
Surrounding cities and suburbs
- 6th of October (including Sheikh Zayed City)
- Badr City
- New Cairo
- New Heliopolis City
- Obour City
- Shorouk City
- ↑ Demographia World Urban Areas & Population Projections (PDF), Demographia, April 2009, retrieved 9 July 2009
- ↑ R.L. Forstall, R.P. Greene, and J.B. Pick, "Which are the largest? Why published populations for major world urban areas vary so greatly", City Futures Conference, (University of Illinois at Chicago, July 2004) – Table 5 (p.34)
- ↑ The Evolving Urban Form: Cairo, New Geography, 13 June 2012, retrieved 9 Oct 2015
- ↑ "Cairo Climate and Weather Averages, Egypt". Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- ↑ "Urban Initiatives". UN-Habitat Egypt. Retrieved 30 October 2016.