Grave, Netherlands


Grave town centre


Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Grave in a municipal map of North Brabant
Location in North Brabant
Coordinates: 51°46′N 5°44′E / 51.767°N 5.733°E / 51.767; 5.733Coordinates: 51°46′N 5°44′E / 51.767°N 5.733°E / 51.767; 5.733
Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
  Body Municipal council
  Mayor Lex Roolvink (VVD)
  Total 28.03 km2 (10.82 sq mi)
  Land 27.18 km2 (10.49 sq mi)
  Water 0.85 km2 (0.33 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 10 m (30 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
  Total 12,746
  Density 469/km2 (1,210/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 5360–5364, 5438
Area code 0486
Dutch Topographic map of Grave, June 2015

Grave ( pronunciation , formerly De Graaf) is a municipality in the Dutch province North Brabant. The municipality had a population of 12,746 in 2014. Grave is a member of the Dutch Association of Fortified Cities.

The municipality includes the following cities: Grave (capital), Velp, Escharen and Gassel.


The municipality Grave was formed in the Napoleonic era (1810) and coincided with the fortified Grave and immediate surroundings. The history of the town was thus linked to that of the place.

This changed in 1942. Then there was a reclassification place where the municipality Grave was expanded with the previously independent municipalities Velp and Escharen. Moreover, in 1994 the neighboring municipality of Beers was abolished and a part thereof, the parish Gassel, was also added to the municipality Grave.

Grave received city rights in 1233.

Near to Grave lies a bridge, now called John S. Thompsonbrug, built in 1929. It is the northern connection to Gelderland, spanning the river Maas. The bridge was one of the key strategic points in Operation Market Garden; the city was liberated at 17 September 1944, but suffered very little damage. The bridge was named in 2004 after Lieutenant John S. Thompson who commanded the platoon of the 82nd Airborne Division that captured the bridge.

The Hampoort is the old entrance to the city, and it is still largely intact and can be visited.

Famous people

Mary of Guelders was born in Grave. (c. 1434 – 1 December 1463) She was the queen consort of Scotland as the wife of King James II of Scotland. She served as regent of Scotland from 1460 to 1463.

Anna van Egmont was born in Grave. (March 1533 – 24 March 1558) She was a wealthy Dutch heiress who became the first wife of William the Silent, Prince of Orange.



  1. "College" [Board] (in Dutch). Gemeente Grave. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. "Postcodetool for 5361CV". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  4. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Grave.
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