Grand Chamberman of France
The Grand Chamberman of France (French: Grand Chambrier de France) was one of the Great Officers of the Crown of France, a member of the Maison du Roi ("King's Household"), and one of the Great Offices of the Maison du Roi during the Ancien Régime. It is similar in name, but should not be confused with, the office of Grand Chamberlain of France (French: Grand Chambellan de France), although both positions could accurately be translated by the word chamberlain.
The position was one of the royal offices that gave the possessor nobility upon beginning his service. The Grand Chambrier was in charge of the King's chamber. Under the first Capetians, the Grand Chambrier managed the Royal Treasury along with the Grand Bouteiller (Grand Butler), before being supplanted of these functions by the Chamber of Accounts (Chambre des comptes, created by King Philip IV) and the position of Surintendant des finances (created in 1311).
During its existence, the position of Grand Chambrier had greater power than that of the Chambellan. He signed charters and other important letters, preceded the Constable of France in ceremonies and assisted at the trial of peers. The position was suppressed in 1545 and its duties were absorbed by the position of Grand Chamberlain of France.
List Grands Chambriers of France
- 1061–1108: Galeran de Senlis (Blanchard Silvanectensis)
- 1108–1121: Guy de Senlis
- 1121–1130: Guillaume de Senlis
- 1130-1112?: Albéric I de Mello and Dammartin, (c. 1080 – † 1112)
- 1151–1175: Mathieu II de Beaumont, (c. 1110 – † 1174)
- 1178–1191: Adam I de Beaumont-Gâtinais, (1150- † 1191)
- 1208–1237: Barthélemy de Roye, (1170 – † 1237)
- 1237–1240: Jean I de Beaumont-Gâtinais, (1190 – † 1255)
- 1240-1248: Jean de Nanteuil
- 1260–1270: Alphonse de Brienne, (1227 – † 1270)
- 1270–1277: Erard de Vallery
- 1277–1306: Robert II de Bourgogne, (1248 – † 1306)
- 1310–1341: Louis I de Bourbon, (1279 – † 1341)
- 1342–1356: Peter I, Duke of Bourbon, (1311 – † 1356)
- 1360–1389: Olivier, Count of Mauny and Thorigny
- 1364-1380: Jean de Nantouillet
- 1408–1427: Louis, Count of Vendôme, (1376 – † 1446)
- 1427–1434?: Georges de la Trémoïlle, (c. 1382 -† 1446)
- 1434–1456: Charles I de Bourbon, (1401 – † 1456)
- 1458–1488: Jean II de Bourbon, (1426 – † 1488)
- pag. 405, "Histoire de la Maison Royale de France, et des grands officiers de la Couronne" di Anselme de Sainte-Marie,Ange de Sainte-Rosalie,
- pag. 325, Levy-Saint-Nom, France. Notre-Dame de la Roche (Augustinian abbey), Auguste Moutié,Honoré Théodoric Paul Joseph d'Albert duc de Luynes, "Cartulaire de l'Abbaye de Notre-Dame de la Roche", Diocesi di Parigi", tratto dai manoscritti originali, 1862, presente negli elenchi "listes des grands chambriers" di de P.Anselme, du Cange et de Wailly
- pag. 274, "Histoire de saint Louis, roi de France", Volume 1, di Louis François de Villeneuve-Bargemont (marq. de Villeneuve-Trans.), Louis IX ((st) king of France.)
- pag. 274, "Rotuli Parisienses (2 Vol. Set): Supplications to the Pope from the ...", a cura di William J. Courtenay,Eric D. Goddard
- This article is based in part on the article Grand chambrier de France from the French Wikipedia, retrieved on 6 September 2006.