Government of India Act 1858

Government of India Act 1858[1]

Long title An Act for the better Government of India
Citation 21 & 22 Vict. c. 106
Royal assent 2 August 1858
Commencement 1 November 1858

The Government of India Act 1858 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (21 & 22 Vict. c. 106) passed on August 2, 1858. Its provisions called for the liquidation of the British East India Company (who had up to this point been ruling British India under the auspices of Parliament) and the transference of its functions to the British Crown.[2] Lord Palmerston, then-Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, introduced a bill for the transfer of control of the Government of India from the East India Company to the Crown, referring to the grave defects in the existing system of the government of India.


The Indian Rebellion of 1857 urged the British Government to pass the Act. To calm down the after effects of 1857 revolt, the Act of 1858 was introduced.

Provisions of the bill

The Act ushered in a new period of Indian history, bringing about the end of Company rule in India. The era of the new British Raj would last until Partition of India in August 1947, at which time all of the territory of the British Raj was granted dominion status within the Dominion of Pakistan and the Union of India.[3]

See also


  1. This short title was conferred on the Act by the Short Titles Act 1896, s. 1
  2. Wolpert, Stanley (1989). A New History of India (3d ed.), pp. 239–40. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-505637-X.
  3. 1 2 "Official, India". World Digital Library. 1890–1923. Retrieved 2013-05-30.

External links

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