Giovanni Battista Canaveri

Giovanni Battista Canaveri
Bishop of Archdiocese of Vercelli
February 1, 1805 - January 11, 1811
Diocese of Biella
July 24, 1797 - June 1, 1803
Ordination September 21, 1776
Consecration Priest
by Arcidiocesi di Torino
Personal details
Born 1753
Borgomaro, Kingdom of Sardinia
Died 1811
Vercelli, Piedmont
Nationality Italian
Denomination Catholic (Roman Rite)
Profession ecclesiastical
Coat of arms

Giovanni Battista Canaveri (1753-1811) was an Italian nobleman, Bishop of Biella and Vercelli, first Aumônier of Madame Letizia. He was appointed as Baron of the French Empire in February 1808.[1]


Canaveri was born September 25, 1753 in Borgomaro, Liguria (Italy), his family was originally from Piedmont and Alpes-Maritimes.[2] His father had exercised the first Magistracy, in the city of Borgomaro.[3] He began his studies at Giaveno and finished at the University of Turin where he received a doctorate at the age of 18 years. He then studied at the Oratory of Saint Philip Neri, and was ordained a priest on September 21, 1776 by the Archdiocese of Turin. In 1797 he was appointed Bishop of Biella, was consecrated in Rome, but by the request of Pius VII he resigned his position.[4] He was consecrated bishop of Vercelli on February 4, 1805.[5]

Confessor of the Princess María Felicita of Savoy, Giovanni Canaveri had founded the "Convitto Principessa Maria Felicita di Savoia," a home created for Noble ladies. The institution was led by the same Canaveri.[6]

French Empire

Because of their aversion to the Jacobins, Canaveri not had difficulty in accepting the government of the First Consul, and in these pastoral letters of 29 September 1801 and 4 Vendemiaire of 1802, he threatened with divine suspension, of the anti-French priests who were against the annexation of the Piedmont to the territory of France. His pro-French attitude, aroused the disapproval of his clergy.[7] On June 1, 1803 was suppressed the diocese of Biella, Canaveri moved to Paris, where he became a member of the Council of the Great Emperor, and was appointed first Chaplain of Letizia Ramolino, mother of Napoleon.[8] After the appointment as Bishop of Vercelli, Canaveri made frequent trips to Paris: from May to October 1806, December 1807 to March 1808, from the summer until October 28, 1808, then again in June 1810. In February of that 1808 was appointed Baron of the Empire. He adopted the Frenchified name of Jean-Baptiste Canavery.[9]


His pastoral letters were mostly a political content and decidedly anti-Jacobin,[10] was the author of Panegyrics, including san Giuseppe and sant'Eusebio. He also wrote some Pastoral Letters in Latin and Italian among them; Dell'ubbidienza dovuta al sovrano; Notizia compendiosa dei monasterj della Trappa, fondati dopo la rivoluzione di Francia.[11]

Giovanni Battista Canaveri died in the Diocese of Vercelli on January 13, 1811.[12]


  1. La Société, 1888. La Révolution française, Volumes 15-16.
  2. Cardinal Bartolommeo Pacca. Memorie storiche del ministero, de'due viaggi in Francia: e ..., Volumes 1-3.
  3. Napoléon I (empereur des Français) (1866). Correspondance. H. Plon. p. 111.
  4. Ragionamento Di Monsignor Giambattista Canaveri Vescovo Di Biella Alli Parrochi Della Diocesi Radunati Nel Santuario Di Graglia Per Li Esercizii Spirituali Li 24. Agosto Dell'anno Cristiano 1803... Nabu Press. 8 April 2012. ISBN 978-1-279-73378-3.
  5. Joseph Thomas (1 January 2010). The Universal Dictionary of Biography and Mythology. Cosimo, Inc. p. 506. ISBN 978-1-61640-069-9.
  6. "Cenni storici". Convitto Principessa Maria Felicita di Savoia. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  7. Angelo S. Bessone. Il giansenismo nel Biellese.
  8. Nicolas Viton de Saint Allais (1811). Histoire générale des ordres de chevalerie, civils et militaires, existant en Europe ; Empire français ; Légion d'honneur. p. 86.
  9. Napoleon I (Emperor of the French). Correspondance de Napoléon Ier, Volume 20.
  10. Centro studi piemontesi. Studi piemontesi, Volume 6.
  11. Dizionario generale di scienze, lettere, arti, storia, geografia ...: 4: C ...
  12. "Bishop Giovanni Battista Canaveri, C.O.". David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.

External links

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