|Date of birth||9 December 1966|
|Place of birth||Tel Aviv, Israel|
|Knessets||16, 17, 18, 19|
|Faction represented in Knesset|
|2009–2013||Minister of Education|
|2013–2014||Minister of Internal Affairs|
Gideon Sa'ar (Hebrew: גִּדְעוֹן סַעַר; born 9 December 1966) is a former Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for the political party Likud between 2003 and 2014. He also held the posts of Minister of the Interior and Education Minister.
Early and personal life
Gideon Moses Zarechansky (later Sa'ar) was born in Tel Aviv. His mother, Bruriah, is of Bukharian Jewish descent while his father, Shmuel, immigrated to Israel from Argentina in the mid-1960s, settled in Sde Boker and became the personal physician of David Ben-Gurion. Sa'ar has two siblings, a brother and a sister. After serving in the Israel Defense Forces, Sa'ar studied political science at Tel Aviv University and then went on to study law at the same institution. He worked as an aide to the Attorney General between 1995 and 1997, and then as an aide to the State Attorney until 1998.
He worked as a secretary to the cabinet in 1999 and again from 2001–2 after Likud's Ariel Sharon won a special election for Prime Minister. In the 2003 elections he won a seat in the Knesset on Likud's list, and was appointed Likud Parliamentary Group Chairman. He was opposed to Israel's unilateral disengagement plan, and attempted to pass a bill demanding a referendum on the subject.
After retaining his seat in the 2006 elections he was reappointed Group Chairman and also became a deputy Knesset speaker.
While in the Knesset, Sa'ar proposed bills to jail employers who fire pregnant women, (he chaired the Knesset Committee on the Status of Women) and to ban cosmetics testing on animals.
In December 2008 Sa'ar won the Likud primaries for its list going into the 2009 elections, giving him second place on the Likud list after leader Binyamin Netanyahu. He retained his seat, and was appointed Minister of Education on 31 March.
In 2012, he again gained the most votes in Likud primaries, and entered the 19th Knesset.
In September 2014, Sa'ar announced that he would be resigning his post before the next election. He said he would still remain a member of the Likud. On 17 September, he took a hiatus from politics. He left the Knesset on 5 November, and was replaced by Leon Litinetski.
- Gil Shefler (7 February 2011). "Bukharan Jews celebrate their heritage in TA gathering". The Jerusalem Post.
- Efrat Neuman (17 April 2014). "In the name of Zionism, change your name". Haaretz.
- "Interior Minister Gideon Sa'ar Weds Journalist Geula Even". Haaretz. 17 May 2013.
- "Likud faction adopts proposal facilitating passage of budget". Haaretz. 21 March 2005.
- Zvi Zrahiya (22 November 2006). "Bill proposes 6-month jail term for firing pregnant employees". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 26 November 2006.
- Tamara Traubmann (28 January 2007). "Ministerial committee approves bill banning animal testing for cosmetics". Haaretz.
- Mazal Mualem (9 December 2008). "Netanyahu 'stars' dim on Likud list, as hawks dominate primary". Haaretz.
- "Netanyahu sworn in as Israel's prime minister". Haaretz. 31 March 2009.
- Gil Hoffman, Lahav Harkov "Interior Minister Gideon Sa'ar Announces Plans to Quit Government" The Jerusalem Post, 17 September 2014
- Jonathan Lis "Interior Minister Gideon Sa'ar to Take 'Time-Out' From Political Life" Haaretz, 17 September 2014
- Jonathan Lis, "Likud No. 2 to take break from cabinet and Knesset after the Jewish holidays", Haaretz, 17 September 2014.