Giacomo Doria

Giacomo Doria

Giacomo Doria
Born 1 November 1840
La Spezia
Died 19 September 1913 (1913-09-20) (aged 72)
Borzoli (Genova)
Nationality Italian
Fields naturalist

Marquis Giacomo Doria (1 November 1840 19 September 1913) was an Italian naturalist, botanist, herpetologist, and politician.

He was the founder of the Museo Civico di Storia Naturale in Genoa in 1867, and director from then until his death.[1] It is now named for him as the Natural History Museum of Giacomo Doria.[2]

He collected numerous samples of plants, shells, butterflies, other insects and various animals in Persia with Filippo de Filippi (1862–63),[3] in Sarawak with Odoardo Beccari (1865–66), in the Red Sea (1879-1880) and in Tunisia (1881).[1][4]

He was an avid entomologist. In 1891 he was elected President of the Royal Italian Geographical Society.[1][5]

In the scientific field of herpetology, he described many new species of amphibians and reptiles, including several he described with Wilhelm Peters.[6][7] He is commemorated in the scientific names of eight reptiles: Agama doriae, Cyclophiops doriae, Enhydris doriae, Gonocephalus doriae, Latastia doriai, Scincella doriae, Stenodactylus doriae, and Tropidonophis doriae.[8]

Some other animals are named after him, Doria's tree kangaroo (Dendrolagus dorianus), Doria's goshawk (Megatriorchis doriae), Doria's cave beetle (Duvalius doriae), yellow Iranian scorpion (Odontobuthus doriae), Doria's frog (Limnonectes doriae), Doria's slug (Limax doriae) and various species of weevils (Asytesta doriae, Hoplopisthius doriae, Rhinoscapha doriai and others).

In 1891, the Italian explorer Vittorio Bottego named after Doria, the main tributary of the Jubba River, that′s now called Ganale Doria River.

He was also mayor of Genoa for few months in 1891.


  1. 1 2 3 Archivio Storico Senato della Repubblica Italiana
  2. Salviati, Carla I. 1997. Benvenuti a Genova!: guida per i giovani viaggiatori [= Welcome to Genoa!: Guide for Young Travelers]. Firenze [= Florence], Italy: Giunti Editore. ISBN 88-09-21247-9. (in Italian).
  3. Blanford, William Thomas. 1876. Eastern Persia. An Account of the Journeys of the Persian Boundary Commission 1870-71-72. Volume 2. The Zoology and Geology. Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts: Adamant Media Corporation. ISBN 1-4021-8341-0. p. 6.
  4. Eugène Simon 1882. I., Viaggio ad Assab nel mar Rosso, dei signori G. Doria ed O. Beccari con il R. Avviso "Esploratore" dal 16 Novembre 1879 al 26 Febbraio 1880. II Étude sur les Arachnides du Yémen méridional, Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale di Genova, XVIII: pp. 207-260
  5. Boman, Patrick; Balzan, Luigi; Roux, Jean-Claude. 2007. Des Andes à l'Amazonie 1891-1893: Voyage d'un jeune naturaliste au temps du caoutchouc. Paris: Ginkgo éditeur. ISBN 2-84679-045-0. p. 315.
  6. Amphibian Species of the World 5.5, an Online Reference. Museum of Natural History
  7. The Reptile Database.
  8. Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Doria" pp. 74-75).

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