Nashim (Hebrew: נשים "Women" or "Wives") is the third order of the Mishnah (also of the Tosefta and Talmud) containing family law. Of the six orders of the Mishnah, it is the second shortest.

Nashim consists of seven tractates:

  1. Yevamot (יבמות "Brothers-in-Law") deals with the Jewish law of yibbum (levirate marriage) (Deut. 25:5–10) and other topics such as the status of minors. It consists of 16 chapters.
  2. Ketubot (כתובות, "Prenuptial agreements") deals with the ketubah (Judaism's prenuptial agreement), as well as topics such as virginity, droit du seigneur and the obligations of a couple towards each other. It consists of 13 chapters.
  3. Nedarim (נדרים, "Vows") deals with various types of vows often known as nedarim and their legal consequences. It consists of 11 chapters.
  4. Nazir (נזיר "One who abstains") deals with the details of the Nazirite vow and being a Nazirite (Num 6). It consists of 9 chapters.
  5. Sotah (סוטה "Wayward wife") deals with the ritual of the sotah (סוטה – the woman suspected of adultery (Num 5) as well as other rituals involving a spoken formula (such as breaking the heifer's neck, the King's septa-annual public Torah reading, the Blessings and Curses of Mount Gerizim and Mount Ebal, etc...). It consists of nine chapters.
  6. Gittin: (גיטין "Documents") deals with the concepts of divorces and other documents. It consists of 9 chapters.
  7. Kiddushin: (קידושין "Betrothal") deals with the initial stage of marriage – betrothal, as well as the laws of Jewish lineages. It consists of 4 chapters.

Order of tractates

The traditional reasoning for the order of tractates according to Maimonides is as follows:

Both the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds have a Gemara on each of the tractates in the order.

See also

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