German West Africa

German West Africa (Deutsch-Westafrika) was a designation used for the German 'Protectorates' in West Africa between 1884 and 1919. The term was normally used for the territories of Cameroon and Togo combined. More rarely, German South West Africa was also subsumed under this name. German West Africa existed only for a few years as an administrative unit. However, in trade and in the vernacular the term was longer in use.

The designation Deutsch-Westafrika could be found in other names:


German West Africa between 1884 and 1919 consisted of the following areas (excluding German South-West Africa):[3]

Territory Period Area (circa) Population (circa) Current countries
(without the north-east)
1884–1919 48,000 km²[4] 2,588,000  Cameroon
Ambasbay / Victoria[5] 1887–1919 ? 12,000  Cameroon
Entenschnabel 1894–1911 12,000 km² ?  Cameroon
Kapitaï und Koba 1884–1885 2,310 km² 35,000  Guinea
Mahinland 1885 ? 10,000  Nigeria
1911–1919 295,000 km² 2,000,000[6]  Gabon
 Republic of the Congo
 Central African Republic
Salaga Area (East) 1899–1919 ? ?  Ghana
Togo 1884–1919 87,200 km²[7] 1,000,000  Ghana
Total 879,510 km² 5,645,000

See also


  1. Schnee, Heinrich, ed. (1920). "Deutsch-Westafrikanische Handels Gesellschaft". Deutsches Kolonial-Lexikon (in German). Leipzig: Quelle & Meyer. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  2. Schnee, Heinrich, ed. (1920). "Deutsch-Westafrikanische Bank". Deutsches Kolonial-Lexikon (in German). Leipzig: Quelle & Meyer. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  3. For statistics regarding individual entities see Statistische Angaben zu den deutschen Kolonien Deutsches Historisches Museum Archived October 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. Excluding "Entenschnabel"
  5. Gründer, Horst (2004). Geschichte der deutschen Kolonien [History of the German colonies] (in German) (5th ed.). Paderborn / Munich / Vienna / Zurich: Ferdinand Schöningh. p. 84. ISBN 3-8252-1332-3.
  6. guesstimate
  7. Including the Eastern Salaga Area
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