George R. R. Martin

George R. R. Martin

George R. R. Martin in 2016
Born George Raymond Martin
(1948-09-20) September 20, 1948
Bayonne, New Jersey, United States
Nationality American
Alma mater Northwestern University
Notable works A Song of Ice and Fire
Gale Burnick (m. 1975; div. 1979)
Parris McBride (m. 2011)


George Raymond Richard Martin[1] (born George Raymond Martin; September 20, 1948), often referred to as GRRM,[2] is an American novelist and short-story writer in the fantasy, horror, and science fiction genres, screenwriter, and television producer. He is best known for his international bestselling series of epic fantasy novels, A Song of Ice and Fire, which was later adapted into the HBO dramatic series Game of Thrones.

Martin serves as the series' co-executive producer, and also scripted four episodes of the series. In 2005, Lev Grossman of Time called Martin "the American Tolkien",[3] and the magazine later named him one of the "2011 Time 100", a list of the "most influential people in the world."[4][5]

Early life

George Raymond Martin (he later adopted the confirmation name Richard at 13 years old)[6] was born on September 20, 1948,[7] in Bayonne, New Jersey,[8] the son of longshoreman Raymond Collins Martin and his wife Margaret Brady Martin. He has two younger sisters, Darleen and Janet. His father was of half Italian descent, while his mother was of half Irish ancestry.[9] He also has French, English, Welsh and German roots.[10]

The family first lived in a house on Broadway, belonging to Martin's great-grandmother. In 1953, they moved to a federal housing project near the Bayonne docks.[9] During Martin's childhood, his world consisted predominantly of "First Street to Fifth Street", between his grade school and his home; this limited world made him want to travel and experience other places, but the only way of doing so was through his imagination, so he became a voracious reader. When Martin's family moved to a larger apartment after his sister was born, he also had a view of the waters of the Kill van Kull, where freighters and oil tankers flying flags from distant countries were entering and leaving Port Newark.

Martin had an encyclopedia with a list of flags, and when using it to figure out where the ships came from, he would find himself dreaming of traveling to these remote locations. After the sun went down, the lights from Staten Island would shine across the water, which in his imagination was Shangri-La and "Shanghai and Paris, Timbuctoo and Kalamazoo, Marsport and Trantor, and all the other places that I'd never been and could never hope to go."[11][9] The young Martin began writing and selling monster stories for pennies to other neighborhood children, dramatic readings included. He also wrote stories about a mythical kingdom populated by his pet turtles; the turtles died frequently in their toy castle, so he finally decided they were killing each other off in "sinister plots".[12]

Martin attended Mary Jane Donohoe School and then later Marist High School. While there he became an avid comic-book fan, developing a strong interest in the innovative superheroes being published by Marvel Comics.[13] A letter Martin wrote to the editor of Fantastic Four was printed in issue No. 20 (Nov 1963); it was the first of many sent, e.g., FF #32, #34, and others, from his family's home at 35 E. First Street, Bayonne, NJ. Fans who read his letters then wrote him letters in turn, and through such contacts, Martin joined the fledgling comics fandom of the era, writing fiction for various fanzines;[14] he was the first to register for an early comic book convention held in New York in 1964.[15] In 1965, Martin won comic fandom's Alley Award for Best fan fiction for his prose superhero story "Powerman vs. The Blue Barrier",[16] the first of many awards he would go on to win for his fiction.

In 1970, Martin earned a B.S. in Journalism from Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, graduating summa cum laude; he went on to complete his M.S. in Journalism in 1971, also from Northwestern.[17] Eligible for the draft during the Vietnam War, to which he objected, Martin applied for and obtained conscientious objector status;[18] he instead did alternative service work for two years (1972–1974) as a VISTA volunteer, attached to the Cook County Legal Assistance Foundation.[17] An expert chess player, he also directed chess tournaments for the Continental Chess Association from 1973 to 1976.[19]


In the mid-1970s, Martin met English professor George Guthridge from Dubuque, Iowa, at a science fiction convention in Milwaukee. Martin persuaded Guthridge (who confesses that at that time he despised science fiction and fantasy) not only to give speculative fiction a second look, but to write in the field himself. (Guthridge has since been a finalist for the Hugo Award and twice for the Nebula Award for science fiction and fantasy. In 1998, he won a Bram Stoker Award for best horror novel.)

In turn, Guthridge helped Martin find a job at Clarke University (then Clarke College). Martin "wasn't making enough money to stay alive", from writing and the chess tournaments, says Guthridge.[20] From 1976 to 1978, Martin was an English and journalism instructor at Clarke, and he became Writer In Residence at the college from 1978 to 1979.

While he enjoyed teaching, the sudden death of friend and fellow author Tom Reamy in late 1977 made Martin reevaluate his own life, and he eventually decided to try to become a full-time writer. He resigned from his job, and being tired of the hard winters in Dubuque, he moved to Santa Fe in 1979.[21]

Writing career

Martin began selling science fiction short stories professionally in 1970, at age 21. His first sale was "The Hero", sold to Galaxy magazine and published in its February 1971 issue; other sales soon followed. His first story to be nominated for the Hugo Award[22] and Nebula Awards was "With Morning Comes Mistfall", published in 1973 in Analog magazine. In 1975 his story "...for a single yesterday" about a post-apocalyptic timetripper was selected for inclusion in Epoch, a science fiction anthology edited by Roger Elwood and Robert Silverberg. Martin is a member of the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA), Martin became the organization's Southwest Regional Director from 1977 to 1979; he served as its vice-president from 1996 to 1998.

In 1976, for Kansas City's MidAmeriCon, the 34th World Science Fiction Convention (Worldcon), Martin and his friend and fellow writer-editor Gardner Dozois conceived of and organized the first Hugo Losers' Party for the benefit of all past and present Hugo-losing writers, their friends and families, the evening following the convention's Hugo Awards ceremony. Martin was nominated for two Hugos that year but lost both awards, for the novelette "...and Seven Times Never Kill Man" and the novella The Storms of Windhaven, co-written with Lisa Tuttle.[23] The Hugo Losers' Party became an annual Worldcon event thereafter, and its formal title later changed.

Although Martin often writes fantasy or horror, a number of his earlier works are science fiction tales occurring in a loosely defined future history, known informally as "The Thousand Worlds" or "The Manrealm". He has also written at least one piece of political-military fiction, "Night of the Vampyres", collected in Harry Turtledove's anthology The Best Military Science Fiction of the 20th Century (2001).[24]

In 1983, Martin published a vampire novel titled Fevre Dream set in the 19th century on the Mississippi River. Unlike traditional vampire novels, in Fevre Dream vampires are not supernatural creatures, but are rather a different species related to humans created by evolution with superhuman powers and the sunlight only weakens them. The vampires of Fevre Dream lacked a culture of their own and instead borrowed their culture from humans, whom they ironically hold in contempt as nothing more than "cattle" that exist only to feed them. The protagonist of Fevre Dream is Joshua York, a "bloodmaster" vampire with the ability to control other vampires who has created a mixture of blood and wine that is able to feed the vampires who hopes to create a peace between the vampires and humans. To this end, York buys a half-ownership in a Mississippi riverboat Fevre Dream which he makes his home and whose captain, Abner Marsh serves as the novel's narrator. The antagonist is another "bloodmaster", Damian Julian, a vampire with hypnotic powers committed to the old ways who has his followers not only kill humans, but also to do so in a gratuitously cruel way. The ensuing battle between Julian and York which begins when the former accepts the latter's invitation to visit the Fevre Dream brings catastrophe onto human and vampire alike. Critic Don D'Amassa has praised Fevre Dream for its strong 19th century atmosphere and wrote: "This is without question one of the greatest vampire novels of all time".[25]

Martin followed up Fevre Dream with another horror novel, The Armageddon Rag. The novel follows a quasi-successful novelist Sandy Blair who had once worked for a counter-culture magazine in the late 1960s. Blair is drawn into a labyrinth of mystery and intrigue when he begins to write an article on the murder of a loathsome and much hated music promoter, killed in a remote town in Maine in a gruesome ritual inspired by the music of a legendary rock group of the 1960s, the Nazgul. The Nazgul had broken up ten years earlier when their lead singer was assassinated during a concert. Blair becomes obsessed with the case and with the machinations of a rich man Edan Morse-who may or may not have been an extremely violent left wing revolutionary in the 1970s-who is obsessed with reuniting the Nazgul. Morse has found a young man who is a doppelganger for the assassinated lead singer, though his talents at music are rather sub-par as Blair repeatedly complains.[26] Blair comes to believe that Morse is intent on reuniting the Nazgul to perform an occult ritual with the aim of unleashing a dark supernatural power upon the world. D'Amassa praised The Armageddon Rag for its strong sense of atmosphere, both of America in the late 1960s and early 1980s; a cast of interesting characters, a nostalgia for the lost innocence of the 60s and a sense of rage that nothing has really changed in America. D'Amassa argued that The Armageddon Rag is Martin's best book, albeit not the best known.[25]

The unexpected commercial failure of Martin's fourth book, The Armageddon Rag (1984), "essentially destroyed my career as a novelist at the time", he recalled. However, that failure led him to seek a career in television[12] after a Hollywood option on that novel led to him being hired, first as a staff writer and then as an Executive Story Consultant, for the revival of the Twilight Zone. After the CBS series was cancelled, Martin migrated over to the already-underway satirical science fiction series Max Headroom. He worked on scripts and created the show's "Ped Xing" character (the president of the Zic Zak corporation, Network 23's primary sponsor). However, before his scripts could go into production, the ABC show was cancelled in the middle of its second season. Martin was then hired as a writer-producer on the new dramatic fantasy series Beauty and the Beast; in 1989, he became the show's co-supervising producer and wrote 14 of its episodes.[27]

In 1987, Martin published a collection of short horror stories in Portraits of His Children. Some of the stories most praised in Portraits of His Children include the "The Sandkings", which involve insect-like creatures manipulating humans to escape their imprisonment; "Meat Man" about the use of zombies as tools; and "With Morning Comes Mistfall" about hunt for a legendary creature on a mist-covered planet. Another story in Portraits of His Children were the "The Monkey Treatment" about an invisible monkey that lives on the back of an obese man who eats all of the food that the man attempts to eat. "Remembering Melody" was a ghost story that led the viewer towards one conclusion that provide a "shocking twist ending". D'Amassa has argued that though Martin is not regarded as a horror writer, his forays into the genre have been very well received and that: "His versatility and a gift for strongly delinated characters and fascinating plots are strong assets he brings to every genre in which he works".[25]

During this same period, Martin continued working in print media as a book-series editor, this time overseeing the development of the multi-author Wild Cards book series, which takes place in a shared universe in which a small slice of post–World War II humanity gains superpowers after the release of an alien-engineered virus; new titles are still being published in the ongoing series from Tor Books. In Second Person, Martin "gives a personal account of the close-knit role-playing game (RPG) culture that gave rise to his Wild Cards shared-world anthologies".[28] An important element in the creation of the multiple author series was a campaign of Chaosium's role-playing game Superworld (1983) that Martin ran in Albuquerque.[29] Admitting he became completely obsessed with the game, he stopped writing literature for about a year, but his shrinking bank accounts made him realize he had to come up with something, and got the idea that perhaps the stories and characters created in Superworld could somehow become profitable.[30] Martin's own contributions to Wild Cards have included Thomas Tudbury, "The Great and Powerful Turtle", a powerful psychokinetic whose flying "shell" consisted of an armored VW Beetle. As of June 2011, 21 Wild Cards volumes had been published in the series; earlier that same year, Martin signed the contract for the 22nd volume, Low Ball (2014), published by Tor Books. In early 2012, Martin signed another Tor contract for the 23rd Wild Cards volume, High Stakes, which was released in August 2016.[31]

In August 2016 Martin announced that Universal Cable Productions had acquired the rights to adapt the Wild Cards novels into a television series.[32]

While he was making a satisfactory living in Hollywood, he did not feel fulfilled given that so few of the projects he worked on ever went into production; "No amount of money can really take the place of... you want your stuff to be read. You want an audience and four guys in an executive office suite at ABC or Columbia is not adequate."[33]

Martin's novella Nightflyers (1980) was adapted into a 1987 feature film of the same name. He was unhappy about having to cut plot elements for the screenplay's scenario in order to accommodate the film's small budget.[34]

A Song of Ice and Fire

Teaching at Clarion West, 1998

In 1991, Martin briefly returned to writing novels and began what would eventually turn into his epic fantasy series: A Song of Ice and Fire, which was inspired by the Wars of the Roses and Ivanhoe. Martin originally conceptualised it as being three volumes.[35] It is currently intended to comprise seven volumes. The first, A Game of Thrones, was published in 1996. In November 2005, A Feast for Crows, the fourth novel in this series, became The New York Times No. 1 Bestseller and also achieved No. 1 ranking on The Wall Street Journal bestseller list. In addition, in September 2006, A Feast for Crows was nominated for both a Quill Award and the British Fantasy Award.[36] The fifth book, A Dance with Dragons, was published July 12, 2011, and quickly became an international bestseller, including achieving a No. 1 spot on the New York Times Bestseller List and many others; it remained on the New York Times list for 88 weeks. The series has received praise from authors, readers, and critics alike. In 2012, A Dance With Dragons made the final ballot for science fiction and fantasy's Hugo Award, World Fantasy Award, Locus Poll Award, and the British Fantasy Award; the novel went on to win the Locus Poll Award for Best Fantasy Novel. Two more novels are planned and still being written in the Ice and Fire series: The Winds of Winter and A Dream of Spring.

HBO adaptation

For more details on this topic, see Game of Thrones.

HBO Productions purchased the television rights for the entire A Song of Ice and Fire series in 2007 and began airing the fantasy series on their US premium cable channel on April 17, 2011. Titled Game of Thrones, it ran weekly for ten episodes, each approximately an hour long.[37] Although busy completing A Dance With Dragons and other projects, George R. R. Martin was heavily involved in the production of the television series adaptation of his books. Martin's involvement included the selection of a production team and participation in scriptwriting; the opening credits list him as a co-executive producer of the series. The series was renewed shortly after the first episode aired.

The first season was nominated for 13 Emmy Awards, ultimately winning two: one for its opening title credits, and one for Peter Dinklage as Best Supporting Actor.

The first season was also nominated for a 2012 Hugo Award, fantasy and science fiction's oldest award, presented by the World Science Fiction Society each year at the annual Worldcon; the show went on to win the 2012 Hugo for Best Dramatic Presentation, Long Form, at Chicon 7, the 70th World Science Fiction Convention, in Chicago, IL. Martin took home one of the three Hugo Award trophies awarded in that collaborative category, the other two going to Game of Thrones showrunners David Benioff and D. B. Weiss.

The second season, based on the second A Song of Ice and Fire novel A Clash of Kings, began airing on HBO in the US on April 1, 2012. The second season was nominated for 12 Emmy Awards, including another Supporting Actor nomination for Dinklage. It went on to win six of those Emmys in the Technical Arts categories, which were awarded the week before the regular televised 2012 awards show. The second-season episode "Blackwater", written by George R.R. Martin, was nominated the following year for the 2013 Hugo Award in the Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form category; that episode went on to win the Hugo Award at LoneStarCon 3, the 71st World Science Fiction Convention, in San Antonio, Texas. In addition to Martin, showrunners Benioff and Weiss (who contributed several scenes to the final screenplay) and episode director Neil Marshal (who expanded the scope of the episode on set) received Hugo statuettes.


Martin's work has been described by the Los Angeles Times as having "complex story lines, fascinating characters, great dialogue, perfect pacing".[38] While the New York Times sees it as "fantasy for grown ups",[39] others feel it is dark and cynical.[40] Martin's first novel, Dying of the Light, set the tone for some of his future work; it unfolds on a mostly abandoned planet that is slowly becoming uninhabitable as it moves away from its sun. This story has a strong sense of melancholy. His characters are often unhappy or, at least, unsatisfied, in many cases holding on to idealisms in spite of an otherwise chaotic and ruthless world, and often troubled by their own self-seeking or violent actions, even as they undertake them. Many have elements of tragic heroes or antiheroes in them; reviewer T. M. Wagner writes: "Let it never be said Martin doesn't share Shakespeare's fondness for the senselessly tragic."[41]

George R. R. Martin in July 2013

The overall gloominess of A Song of Ice and Fire can be an obstacle for some readers; the Inchoatus Group writes that, "If this absence of joy is going to trouble you, or you're looking for something more affirming, then you should probably seek elsewhere."[42] However, for many fans, it is precisely this level of "realness" and "completeness"–including many characters' imperfections, moral and ethical ambiguity, and (often sudden) consequential plot twists–that is endearing about Martin's work. Many find that this is what makes the series' story arcs compelling enough to keep following despite its sheer brutality and intricately messy and interwoven plotlines; as TM Wagner points out:

There's great tragedy here, but there's also excitement, humor, heroism even in weaklings, nobility even in villains, and, now and then, a taste of justice after all. It's a rare gift when a writer can invest his story with that much humanity.[41]

Martin's characters are multifaceted, each with intricate pasts, aspirations, and ambitions. Publishers Weekly writes of his ongoing epic fantasy A Song of Ice and Fire: "The complexity of characters such as Daenerys, Arya and the Kingslayer will keep readers turning even the vast number of pages contained in this volume, for the author, like Tolkien or Jordan, makes us care about their fates."[43] Misfortune, injury, and death (including false death and reanimation) often befall major or minor characters, no matter how attached the reader has become. Martin has described his penchant for killing off important characters as being necessary for the story's depth: "when my characters are in danger, I want you to be afraid to turn the page, (so) you need to show right from the beginning that you're playing for keeps".[44]

In distinguishing his work from others, Martin makes a point of emphasizing realism and plausible social dynamics above an over-reliance on magic and a simplistic "good versus evil" dichotomy, which contemporary fantasy writing is often criticized for. Notably, Martin's work makes a sharp departure from the prevalent "heroic knights and chivalry" schema that has become a mainstay in fantasy as derived from The Lord of the Rings series of J.R.R. Tolkien. He specifically critiques the oversimplification of Tolkien's themes and devices by imitators in ways that he has humorously described as "Disneyland Middle Ages",[45] which gloss over or even ignore major differences between medieval and modern societies, particularly social structures, ways of living, and political arrangements. Martin has been described as "the American Tolkien" by literary critics.[46] While Martin finds inspiration in Tolkien's legacy,[47] he aims to go beyond what he sees as Tolkien's "medieval philosophy" of "if the king was a good man, the land would prosper" to delve into the complexities, ambiguities, and vagaries of real-life power: "We look at real history and it's not that simple ... Just having good intentions doesn't make you a wise king."[48]

The author makes a point of grounding his work on a foundation of historical fiction, which he channels to evoke important social and political elements of primarily the European medieval era that differ markedly from elements of modern times, including the multigenerational, rigid, and often brutally consequential nature of the hierarchical class system of feudal societies[49] that is in many cases overlooked in fantasy writing. Even as A Song of Ice and Fire is a fantasy series that employs magic and the surreal as central to the genre, Martin is keen to ensure that magic is merely one element of many that moves his work forward,[50] not a generic deus ex machina that is itself the focus of his stories, which is something he has been very conscious about since reading Tolkien; "If you look at The Lord of the Rings, what strikes you, it certainly struck me, is that although the world is infused with this great sense of magic, there is very little onstage magic. So you have a sense of magic, but it's kept under very tight control, and I really took that to heart when I was starting my own series."[51] Martin's ultimate aim is an exploration of the internal conflicts that define the human condition, which, in deriving inspiration from William Faulkner,[52] he ultimately describes as the only reason to read any literature, regardless of genre.[53]

This nuanced, multi-layered, all-encompassing nature of Martin's work has consistently received accolades:

A Game of Thrones has captured the imaginations of millions for the same reason the archetypal dramas of Homer, Sophocles or Shakespeare have lasted for millennia. They show us the conflict between self-sacrifice and self-interest, between the human spirit and the human ego, between good and evil. And when we look up from the page we recognise those same conflicts in the world around us and in ourselves.[54][55]

Relationship with fans

Martin signing books in a bookstore in Ljubljana, Slovenia (June 2011)


Martin actively contributes to his blog, Not a Blog. He still does all his writing on an old DOS machine running Wordstar 4.0.[56]


Martin is known for his regular attendance through the decades at science fiction conventions and comics conventions, and his accessibility to fans. In the early 1980s, critic and writer Thomas Disch identified Martin as a member of the "Labor Day Group", writers who regularly congregated at the annual Worldcon,[57] usually held on or around the Labor Day weekend. Since the early 1970s, he has also attended regional science fiction conventions, and since 1986 Martin has participated annually in Albuquerque's smaller regional convention Bubonicon, near his New Mexico home.[58] He was invited to be Guest of Honor at the 61st World Science Fiction Convention in Toronto, held in 2003.[59][60]

Fan club

Martin's official fan club is the "Brotherhood Without Banners", who have a regular posting board at the Forum of the website, which is focused on his A Song of Ice and Fire fantasy series. At the annual World Science Fiction Convention every year, the BWB hosts a large, on-going hospitality suite that is open to all members of the Worldcon;[61] their suite frequently wins by popular vote the convention's best party award.

Fan criticism and response

Martin has been criticized by some of his readers for the long periods between books in the Ice and Fire series, notably the six-year gap between the fourth volume, A Feast for Crows (2005), and the fifth volume, A Dance with Dragons (2011).[62][63] The previous year, in 2010, Martin had responded to fan criticisms by saying he was unwilling to write only his Ice and Fire series, noting that working on other prose and compiling and editing different book projects has always been part of his working process.[64] Writer Neil Gaiman famously wrote on his blog in 2009 to a critic of Martin's pace, "George R. R. Martin is not your bitch." Gaiman later went on to state that writers are not machines and that they have every right to work on other projects if they want to.[65]

In 2015, Timothy D. O'Hara, one of the world's leading authorities on brittle stars, and a fan of Martin, named a newly found brittle star Ophiohamus georgemartini because it reminded him of the thorny crown on the cover of A Clash of Kings.[66][67][68]

Fan fiction

Martin is opposed to fan fiction, which he views as copyright infringement and a bad exercise for aspiring writers in terms of developing skills in world-building and character development.[69][70]

Personal life

In the early 1970s, Martin was in a relationship with fellow science-fiction/fantasy author Lisa Tuttle,[71] with whom he co-wrote Windhaven.

While attending an East Coast science fiction convention he met his first wife, Gale Burnick; they were married in 1975, but the marriage ended in divorce, without issue, in 1979.[72] On February 15, 2011, Martin married his longtime partner Parris McBride during a small ceremony at their Santa Fe home. On August 19, 2011, they held a larger wedding ceremony and reception at Renovation, the 69th World Science Fiction Convention, in Reno, Nevada.[73]

He and his wife Parris are supporters of the Wild Spirit Wolf Sanctuary in New Mexico.[74] In early 2013, he purchased Santa Fe's Jean Cocteau Cinema and Coffee House, which had been closed since 2006. He had the property completely restored, including both its original 35 mm capability to which was added digital projection and sound; the Cocteau officially reopened for business on August 9, 2013.[75] Martin has also supported Meow Wolf, an arts collective in Santa Fe, having pledged $2.7 million towards a new art-space in January 2015.[76][77]

In response to a question on his religious views, Martin replied: "I suppose I'm a lapsed Catholic. You would consider me an atheist or agnostic. I find religion and spirituality fascinating. I would like to believe this isn't the end and there's something more, but I can't convince the rational part of me that makes any sense whatsoever."[78]

Martin is a fan of the New York Jets[79] and the New York Mets.[80] He is also a fan of the Grateful Dead, and says that the Dead's music may have influenced his work.[81]

Martin made a guest appearance as himself in an episode, "El Skeletorito", of the Adult Swim show Robot Chicken. He also appeared in SyFy's Z Nation as a zombie version of himself in season two's "The Collector", where he is still signing copies of his new novel.[82] He also appeared in the documentary Atari: Game Over.


In 2014, Martin launched a high-profile campaign on Prizeo to raise funds for two charities: Wild Spirit Wolf Sanctuary and the Food Depot of Santa Fe. As part of the campaign, Martin offered one donor the chance to accompany him on a trip to the wolf sanctuary, including a helicopter ride and dinner. Martin also offered those donating $20,000 or more the opportunity to have a character named after them in an upcoming A Song Of Ice And Fire novel and "killed off". The campaign garnered significant media attention and raised a total of $502,549.[83][84]


Growing up, Martin avoided the draft to the Vietnam War by being a conscientious objector and did two years of alternative service. He generally opposed the war and thought it was a "terrible mistake for America." He also opposes the idea of the glory of war and tries to realistically describe war in his books.[85]

In 2014, Martin endorsed Senator Tom Udall.[86]

In the midst of pressure to pull the 2014 feature film The Interview from theatres, the Jean Cocteau Theatre in Santa Fe, New Mexico, which has been owned by Martin since 2013, decided to show the film. Theatre manager Jon Bowman told the Santa Fe New Mexican: "As a movie theater, we are not just involved in the entertainment business. We are involved in the First Amendment business, protecting our freedoms".[87]

On November 20, 2015, writing on his LiveJournal, Martin advocated for allowing Syrian refugees into the United States.[88] He supported Hillary Clinton in the 2016 United States presidential election,[89] and criticized Donald Trump following the election.[90][91]





Title Year Type Note
The Second Kind of Loneliness 1972 Short story Analog Science Fiction and Fact
Override 1973 Short storyAnalog Science Fiction and Fact
"A Song for Lya" 1974 Novella Hugo Award for Best Novella 1975
And Seven Times Never Kill Man 1975 Short storyAnalog Science Fiction and Fact
A Song for Lya 1976 Short story collection
Nobody Leaves New Pittsburg 1976 Short story Amazing Science Fiction Stories
This Tower of Ashes 1976 Short story Analog Annual
Dying of the Light 1977 Novel
Songs of Stars and Shadows 1977 Short story collection
Sandkings 1979 Novelette Hugo and Nebula Awards for Best Novelette 1980
The Way of Cross and Dragon 1979 Short story Hugo Award for Best Short Story 1980
The Ice Dragon 1980 Young adult fiction
Windhaven 1981 Novel with Lisa Tuttle
Sandkings 1981 Short story collection
Fevre Dream 1982 Novel
"In the Lost Lands" 1982 Short story Amazons II anthology
Songs the Dead Men Sing 1983 Short story collection
The Armageddon Rag 1983 Novel
Nightflyers 1985 Short story collection
Tuf Voyaging 1986 Fix-up novel
The Glass Flower 1986 Short story
Portraits of His Children 1987 Short story collection
The Skin Trade 1989 Novella Dark Visions compilation
A Game of Thrones 1996 Novel A Song of Ice and Fire, book 1
A Clash of Kings 1998 Novel A Song of Ice and Fire, book 2
The Hedge Knight 1998 Novella Tales of Dunk and Egg, part 1
A Storm of Swords 2000 Novel A Song of Ice and Fire, book 3
Quartet 2001 Short story collection
GRRM: A RRetrospective 2003 Short story & essay collection
The Sworn Sword 2003 Novella Tales of Dunk and Egg, part 2
A Feast for Crows 2005 Novel A Song of Ice and Fire, book 4
Hunter's Run 2007 Novel with Gardner Dozois and Daniel Abraham
The Mystery Knight 2010 Novella Tales of Dunk and Egg, part 3
A Dance with Dragons 2011 Novel A Song of Ice and Fire, book 5
The Wit and Wisdom of Tyrion Lannister 2013 Quote collection from A Song of Ice and Fire
The Princess and the Queen 2013 Novella A Song of Ice and Fire, prequel[104]
The Rogue Prince 2014 Novella A Song of Ice and Fire, prequel[105]
The World of Ice & Fire 2014 Reference book The history of Westeros, with Elio M García Jr. and Linda Antonsson
The Ice Dragon 2014 Young adult illustrated novel Reworked version of the original novel published in 1980, illustrated by Luis Royo[106]
A Knight of the Seven Kingdoms 2015 Collection compilation of the first three Tales of Dunk and Egg[107]
The Winds of Winter Forthcoming Novel A Song of Ice and Fire, book 6
A Dream of Spring Forthcoming Novel A Song of Ice and Fire, book 7



Wild Cards series editor (also contributor to many volumes)

Cross-genre anthologies edited (with Gardner Dozois)


  1. Richards, Linda (January 2001). "January interview: George R.R. Martin". Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
  2. Choate, Trish (September 22, 2011). "Choate: Quest into world of fantasy books can be hobbit-forming". Times Record News. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  3. Grossman, Lev (November 13, 2005). "Books: The American Tolkien". Time. Archived from the original on December 29, 2008. Retrieved August 2, 2014.
  4. 1 2 The 2011 TIME 100: George R.R. Martin, John Hodgman, April 21, 2011
  5. The 2011 TIME 100: Full List Retrieved June 5, 2011
  6. "Author George R.R. Martin Is Visiting Texas A&M, Talks 'Game of Thrones' and Texas A&M Libraries". TAMUTimes. Texas A&M University. March 22, 2013. Archived from the original on March 26, 2013.
  7. "Monitor". Entertainment Weekly (1277/1278). Sep 20–27, 2013. p. 36.
  8. "Life & Times of George R.R. Martin". George R.R. Martin (official website). Retrieved February 27, 2012.
  9. 1 2 3 Martin, George R. R. (October 2004). "The Heart of a Small Boy". Asimov's Science Fiction. Archived from the original on October 19, 2004. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  10. Martin, George R. R. (2016-09-10). "A Salute to Immigrants". Not A Blog. Archived from the original on 2016-09-11. Retrieved 2016-09-11.
  11. "Interview with George R.R. Martin". Sea of Shelves. Retrieved October 30, 2014.
  12. 1 2 Berwick, Isabel (June 1, 2012). "Lunch with the FT: George RR Martin". Financial Times. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
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