|Sir George Newnes, Bt|
Portrait of George Newnes, no later than 1897
13 March 1851|
Matlock Bath, Derbyshire, England
9 June 1910 59) (aged|
Lynton, Devon, England
|Other names||Geo. Newnes|
|Occupation||Newspaper Proprietor, Publisher, Editor & Politician|
Background and education
His father, Thomas Mold Newnes, was a Congregational church minister at the Glenorchy Chapel, Matlock. George Newnes was born in Matlock Bath, Derbyshire, and educated at Silcoates School and then at Shireland Hall, Warwickshire, and the City of London School. In 1875 he married Priscilla Hillyard.
He began his career in publishing in 1881 when he founded Tit-Bits. The magazine was initially published in Manchester, containing extracts from books and other publications. He funded the magazine by opening a vegetarian restaurant in Manchester. The addition of competitions increased the readership of the periodical, and in 1884 Newnes moved publication to London. He began to work with W T Stead, with whom he founded the Review of Reviews in 1890. Tit-Bits reached a circulation of 700,000 by the end of the 19th century. It paved the way for popular journalism — the Daily Mail was founded by Alfred Harmsworth, a contributor to Tit-Bits, and the Daily Express was launched by Arthur Pearson, who worked at Tit'Bits for five years after winning a competition to get a job on the magazine.
Arguably his best known publication was The Strand Magazine, begun in 1891, in which Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was first able to publish his Sherlock Holmes mystery series. He also founded other magazine titles, including The Westminster Gazette (1873), The Wide World Magazine (1888), and Country Life (1897). In 1891 his publishing business was formed into a company that bore his name, George Newnes Ltd. The company was reconstructed in 1897 with a capital of 1,000,000 pounds, and began the publication of books.
Politically, Newnes was Liberal, and he refounded the Westminster Gazette to support the party when the Pall Mall Gazette became a Unionist paper. In 1885 he was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for the newly created constituency of Eastern Cambridgeshire or Newmarket. He held the seat for ten years, before his defeat by the Conservative millionaire horse-breeder, Harry McCalmont in 1895. In 1895 he was created a baronet "of Wildcroft, in the parish of Putney, in the county of London; of Hollerday Hill, in the parish of Lynton, and Hesketh House, in the borough of Torquay, both in the county of Devon." He paid for the new Putney Library, built in 1899.
Newnes built a large home in Lynton, north Devon. He played a major part in the development of the twin towns of Lynton and Lynmouth. He built an innovative cliff railway to join the two towns, and also provided the town hall and other amenities. Largely as a result of Sir George's efforts, the 19-mile Lynton and Barnstaple Railway opened in 1898 ostensibly to bring visitors from the mainline railways at Barnstaple.
Newnes provided a silver cup for the Newnes Trophy series of chess matches between Great Britain and the United States, conducted over transatlantic cable from 1896 to 1911.
Sir George Newnes died at his Lynton home in June 1910 aged 59, having suffered ill health from diabetes for some time. He was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son, Frank Newnes, who had served as MP for Bassetlaw, Nottinghamshire from 1906 to 1910.
George Newnes Ltd continued publishing long after his death, with magazines such as Practical Mechanics and Practical Television. In 1963, the company became part of IPC Media, now a branch of Time Warner's publishing arm, Time, Inc. Today books under the Newnes imprint continue to be published by Elsevier.
References and sources
- Geo. Newnes, ed. (January–June 1891). The Strand Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly.
- "Obituary: Sir George Newnes". The Times. 10 June 1910. p. 13.
- "Biographies of Candidates". The Times. 26 November 1885. p. 3.
- Sir George at Biography.com accessed June 2007
- john adcock. "Yesterday's Papers: Sir George Newnes, Bart.(1851-1910)".
- Friederichs, Hulda (1911). George Newnes. London: Hodder & Stoughton (1911) Kessinger Publishing (2008). ISBN 978-0-548-88777-6. (republished 2008)
- The London Gazette: . 15 February 1895.
- Golombek, Harry, ed. (1977), "Cable Matches", Golombek's Encyclopedia of Chess, Crown Publishing, p. 53, ISBN 0-517-53146-1
- "Newnes - Elsevier - Store".
- "Newnes (Elsevier Inc) - Publisher Contact Information".
- Jackson, Kate. George Newnes and the New Journalism in Britain, 1880-1910. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001. ISBN 978-0-7546-0317-7
- Pugh, Brian W., Spiring, Paul R. & Bhanji, Sadru. Arthur Conan Doyle, Sherlock Holmes & Devon. London: MX Publishing Ltd, 2010. ISBN 978-1-904312-86-4
- Welch, Charles (1912). "Newnes, George". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Morris, A. J. A. "Newnes, Sir George, first baronet (1851–1910)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35218. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Newnes.|
- The Story of The Strand Magazine
- Works by George Newnes at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about George Newnes at Internet Archive
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by George Newnes
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Newmarket
1885 – 1895
| Succeeded by|
Sir John Dillwyn Llewellyn
|Member of Parliament for Swansea
1900 – Jan. 1910
| Succeeded by|
Sir Alfred Mond
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
| Succeeded by|
Frank Hillyard Newnes