George Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington

George Augustus Henry Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington (31 March 1754 4 May 1834), styled Lord George Cavendish before 1831, was a British politician. He built Burlington Arcade.


Cavendish was the third son of William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire and the former Lady Charlotte Boyle, daughter of Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington of the first creation, whose title had become extinct on his death in 1753.

Political career

Cavendish sat as Member of Parliament for Knaresborough from 1775 to 1780, for Derby from 1780 to 1797 and for Derbyshire from 1797 to 1831. On 10 September 1831 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Cavendish of Keighley, in the County of York, and Earl of Burlington, a revival of the title held by his maternal grandfather.


Portrait of the Children of Lord George Cavendish, 1790, by Sir Thomas Lawrence

Lord Burlington married Lady Elizabeth Compton, only child of Charles Compton, 7th Earl of Northampton, on 27 February 1782 in London. They had at least eleven children of whom six children survived to adulthood:

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Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Anthony Thomas Abdy, Bt
Hon Robert Walsingham
Member of Parliament for Knaresborough
With: Hon Robert Walsingham
Succeeded by
Hon Robert Walsingham;
Viscount Duncannon
Preceded by
Lord Frederick Cavendish
Daniel Parker Coke
Member of Parliament for Derby
With: Edward Coke
Succeeded by
Edward Coke
George Walpole
Preceded by
Edward Miller Mundy
Lord John Cavendish
Member of Parliament for Derbyshire
With: Edward Miller Mundy
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Derbyshire
With: Edward Miller Mundy 1801–22
Francis Mundy 1822–31
Hon. George Venables-Vernon 1831
Succeeded by
Hon. George Venables-Vernon
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl of Burlington
Succeeded by
William Cavendish
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