Howard Eugene Day|
23 September 1982 (aged 30 or 31)|
Gananoque, Ontario, Canada
|Area(s)||Cartoonist, Writer, Penciller, Inker|
|Star Wars, Master of Kung Fu|
|Awards||Joe Shuster Award, 2007|
Howard Eugene Day (1951 – 23 September 1982) was a Canadian comic book artist best known for Marvel Comics' Star Wars licensed series and Master of Kung Fu. He was considered a mentor by independent comic writer/artist Dave Sim.
Gene Day began his career with Canadian underground and independent comics, for which he published the short-lived title Out of the Depths in 1974, and collaborated with Dave Sim on Oktoberfest Comics #1 (Now and Then Publications, 1976). Day also penciled for Skywald Publications's horror-comics magazines Psycho and Nightmare, starting in late 1974, as well as the science fiction-oriented Orb.
For Mike Friedrich's early independent-comics company Star Reach, in 1977 and 1978, Day variously wrote/drew stories for the namesake anthology title Star Reach and its sister magazines Imagine and Quack, the latter a funny animal comic. Other work includes "Cheating Time!", written by Mark Burbey, in Dr. Wirtham's Comix & Stories #4 (1979).
Graphic novel and Marvel Comics
In 1979, Day wrote and drew an early graphic novel, Future Day (Flying Buttress Press), a hardcover collection of seven stories that he called a "graphic album". Dave Sim was letterer. Day did illustrations for the fantasy role-playing games Arena of Khazan: A Tunnels & Trolls Solitaire Dungeon (1979) and Call of Cthulhu (1981).
Day began his several-year association with Master of Kung Fu by inking penciler Mike Zeck starting with issue #76 (May 1979). He began doing finished art over Zeck's breakdowns starting with issue #94 (Nov. 1980), and became series penciler from #102-120 (July 1981 - Jan. 1983), after having split the work with Zeck on the double-sized #100. In 2010, Comics Bulletin ranked Day's work on Master of Kung-Fu sixth on its list of the "Top 10 1970s Marvels". Day inked Carmine Infantino on Marvel's Star Wars series, occasionally doing finished art over breakdowns, and penciling #68 (Feb. 1983), which takes place on Boba Fett's ancestral homeworld of Mandalore. In addition, Day inked Thor and Marvel Two-in-One featuring the Thing.
From 1985 to 1986, Renegade Press published five issues of Gene Day's Black Zeppelin, an anthology series primarily featuring stories and painted covers Day completed before his death, as well new contributions by Dave Sim, Bruce Conklin, Augustine Funnell, and Charles Vess. It was edited by Gail Day and Joe Erslavas. More of his work appeared posthumously in Caliber Comics' anthology series Day Brothers Presents, which also featured the work of Day's comics-artist brothers, David Day and Dan Day.
In 2002, Sim and his Cerebus collaborator Gerhard created the Howard E. Day Prize, an annual award given to a comic creator chosen by them from the exhibitors at SPACE (Small Press and Alternative Comics Expo) held in Columbus, Ohio. The Day Prize was awarded at SPACE through 2008. Sim explained,
Gene really showed me that success in a creative field is a matter of hard work and productivity and persistence. I had done a handful of strips and illustrations at that point mostly for various fanzines but I wasn't very productive. I would do a strip or an illustration and send it off to a potential market and then wait to find out if they were going to use it before doing anything else. Or I'd wait for someone to write to me and ask me to draw something. Gene was producing artwork every day and putting it out in the mail and when it came back he'd send it out to someone else. He would draw work for money and then do work on spec if the paying markets dried up. He kept trying at places where he had been rejected. He did strips, cartoons, caricatures, covers, spot illos, anything that he might get paid for. He gave drawing lessons and produced his own fanzines.
In 2007, Day was inducted into the Joe Shuster Awards' Canadian Comic Book Creator Hall of Fame. Two years later, with the consent of Day's brothers, the Joe Shuster Awards founded the Gene Day Award for Canadian Self-Publishing, which honors Canadian comic book creators who self-published their work during the previous calendar year. The first Day Award was presented on September 26, 2009 by David Day and James Waley to Jesse Jacobs for his self-published mini-comic Blue Winter, Shapes in the Snow.
Day's work in his 1979, graphic novel-like story collection:
- "Gifts Of Silver Splendor" (6 p.)
- "Hive" (6 p.)
- "Days Of Future Past" (6 p.)
- "Gauntlet" (6 p.)
- "Paper Dragon" (5 p.)
- "War Games" (10 p.)
- "Black Legion" (text story, 7 p.)
- Swords of Cerebus #3 (1981)
- Tales of the New Teen Titans #3 (1982)
- The Amazing Spider-Man #206 (1980)
- Avengers #181, 201 (1979-1980)
- Bizarre Adventures #30 (1982)
- Black Panther #13-15 (1979)
- Epic Illustrated #32 (writer) (1985)
- Further Adventures of Indiana Jones #3 (1983)
- Marvel Premiere #51-52 (Black Panther), #54 (Caleb Hammer) (1979-1980)
- Marvel Spotlight vol. 2 #3 (Captain Marvel) (1979)
- Marvel Team-Up #80 (1979)
- Marvel Two-in-One #49, 56-58, 60-71, Annual #6 (1979-1981)
- Master of Kung Fu #76-77, 79-111, 114-118, 120 (1979-1983)
- Savage Sword of Conan #68-69, 74, 102-104, 106 (1981-1984)
- Star Trek #14, 16 (1981)
- Star Wars #18, 21, 25, 28, 30, 33, 35-37, 45, 47, 68-69 (1978-1983)
- Thor #300, 310-315 (1980-1982)
- "Gene Day". Lambiek Comiclopedia. December 23, 2006. Archived from the original on October 12, 2012.
- Gene Day at the Grand Comics Database
- Arndt, Richard. "Independent Comics, Part 2". Archived from the original on May 4, 2014.
- Sacks, Jason (September 6, 2010). "Top 10 1970s Marvels". Comics Bulletin. Archived from the original on August 3, 2013. Retrieved August 3, 2013.
- The Comic Reader #206 (Nov. 1982): Obituary , p. 41
- "Master of Kung Fu's Gene Day Dead at 31". The Comics Journal (77). November 1982. p. 14. Also: Obituary, p. 6/
- Gene Day's Black Zeppelin at the Grand Comics Database
- Day Brothers Present at the Grand Comics Database
- Cerebus #285 (Dec. 2002): Dave Sim on The Day Prize
- "Coville's Clubhouse: Dave Sim interview", The Collector Times (July 2005). Archived March 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. WebCitation archive.
- "Your 2009 Joe Shuster Award winners! (updated with more video links)". Joe Shuster Awards. September 26, 2009. Archived from the original on August 2, 2014.
- Entry in The Who's Who of American Comic Books 1977 Yearbook and 1978 Yearbook, by Jerry Bails
- "Day, Gene" at the Michigan State University Libraries Special Collections Division: Reading Room Index to the Comic Art Collection, "Day" to "Day Zeke"
- Gene Day at Mike's Amazing World of Comics
- Gene Day at the Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators
- Cerebus Checklist: Other Dave Sim & Gerhard Stuff
- Gene Day at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database