Gau Berlin

Gau Berlin
Gau of Nazi Germany



Capital Berlin
  19281945 Joseph Goebbels
  Establishment 1928
  Disestablishment 8 May 1945
Today part of  Germany

The Gau Berlin was an administrative division of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945 in the German capital Berlin. Before that, from 1928 to 1933, it was the regional subdivision of the Nazi Party in that area. From 1925 to 1928 Berlin was part of the Gau Berlin-Brandenburg which was eventually split into two separate Gaue.


The Nazi Gau (plural Gaue) system was originally established in a party conference on 22 May 1926, in order to improve administration of the party structure. From 1933 onwards, after the Nazi seizure of power, the Gaue increasingly replaced the German states as administrative subdivisions in Germany.[1]

At the head of each Gau stood a Gauleiter, a position which became increasingly more powerful, especially after the outbreak of the Second World War, with little interference from above. Local Gauleiter often held government positions as well as party ones and were in charge of, among other things, propaganda and surveillance and, from September 1944 onward, the Volkssturm and the defense of the Gau.[1][2]

The position of Gauleiter in Berlin was held by Joseph Goebbels throughout the history of the Gau.[3][4] Goebbels, Reich Minister of Propaganda, was one of Adolf Hitlers closest followers and, along with his family, committed suicide on 1 May 1945.[5]


  1. 1 2 "Die NS-Gaue" [The Nazi Gaue]. (in German). Deutsches Historisches Museum. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  2. "The Organization of the Nazi Party & State". The Nizkor Project. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  3. "Übersicht der NSDAP-Gaue, der Gauleiter und der Stellvertretenden Gauleiter zwischen 1933 und 1945" [Overview of Nazi Gaue, the Gauleiter and assistant Gauleiter from 1933 to 1945]. (in German). Zukunft braucht Erinnerung. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  4. "Gau Berlin". (in German). Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  5. "Goebbels, Paul Joseph". (in German). Bavarian State Library. Retrieved 26 March 2016.

External links

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