The Gangani (Γαγγανοι) were a people of ancient Ireland who are referred to in Ptolemy's 2nd century Geography as living in the south-west of the island, probably near the mouth of the River Shannon, between the Auteini to the north and the Uellabori to the south.[1][2] There appears to have been a people of the same name in north-west Wales, as Ptolemy calls the Llŷn Peninsula the "promontory of the Gangani" (Γαγγανὤν ἄκρον).[3][4]


  1. Ptolemy, Geography 2.1
  2. Philip Freeman, Ireland and the Classical World, University of Texas Press, 2001, pp. 73-74
  3. T. F. O'Rahilly, Early Irish History and Mythology, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1946, p. 2, 10
  4. Barry Cunliffe, Iron Age Communities in Britain, Routledge, 2005, p. 206
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