Gang Hong-rip

This is a Korean name; the family name is Kang.
Gang Hong-rip
Hangul 강홍립
Hanja 姜弘立
Revised Romanization Gang Hongrip
McCune–Reischauer Kang Hongrip
Pen name
Hangul 내촌
Hanja 耐村
Revised Romanization Naechon
McCune–Reischauer Naech'on
Courtesy name
Hangul 군신
Hanja 君信
Revised Romanization Gunsin
McCune–Reischauer Kunsin

Gang Hongrip (1560 - 6 September 1627) was a Korean general during the Joseon Dynasty.

Under repeated requests from Ming China, Gwanghaegun commanded Gang Hongrip to help Ming forces with ten thousand soldiers against the Manchus in 1619. However, Ming armies were crushed in the Battle of Sarhū. The Korean army under command of Liu Ting lost two-thirds of his troops at Fuca and surrendered to Nurhaci. Official Korean records say that Gwanghaegun had ordered a betrayal to Nurhaci, but it is suspected to be a defamation by the Westerners faction, who deposed the king. In 1620 almost all Korean captives were released but Gang Hongrip, who had good command of the Manchu language, was still kept.

Frustrated with unsatisfactory reward for the coup which deposed Gwanghaegun, Yi Gwal rebelled against King Injo in 1624. He temporarily occupied Hanseong (modern-day Seoul), but was eventually crushed. Han Myeong-nyeon, an accomplice of Yi Gwal, was also killed, but his son Han Yun fled to the Manchus.

Gang Hongrip fell for Han Yun's trick and wrongly believed that his family was all killed by the government. To get his revenge on Korea, he urged the Manchus to defeat the dynasty. In 1627 he guided the Manchu army led by Amin to Hanseong and as a Manchu delegate he negotiated for a truce with Korea. Then he discovered that he was deceived about his family being killed and suffered a heartbreak. He was branded as a traitor and deprived his official rank. He was rehabilitated after his death.

See also

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