Location within Macedonia
|Coordinates: 41°35′39″N 20°39′11″E / 41.59417°N 20.65306°ECoordinates: 41°35′39″N 20°39′11″E / 41.59417°N 20.65306°E|
|Municipality||Mavrovo and Rostuša Municipality|
|Highest elevation||1,500 m (4,900 ft)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Galičnik (Macedonian: Галичник) is a mountain village in the Republic of Macedonia and along with Lazaropole is one of the two biggest and oldest Mijak villages in the region. Galičnik has well-preserved traditional architecture, including an amphitheater in the village square, and is famous for its surrounding countryside and nature reserve. People from Galičnik and northwestern Macedonia appreciate the local yellow cheese kaškaval(Kashkaval) that is produced in the region as well as the local salt brine white cheese "belo sirenje" which is homemade speciality for this region.
The village is located in the ethnographic region of "Mijačija", named after the Mijaks (Мијаци/Mijaci), the tribe historically inhabiting this mountainous region. This region has plentiful rich pastures for livestock grazing and this feature attracted Vlachs, shepherds, who established settlements based on cattle-breeding and shepherding. In the past, the economy of Galičnik relied on livestock, especially sheep trade; producing cheese, meat and wool products. Many families with huge flocks made fortunes and became very rich; these people are known locally as "chobans" a term for shepherds.
There was a strong tradition of pečalba, seasonal work, where many of the men would leave the village to work in larger towns and cities as skilled laborers such as masons, carpenters and painters. They would be absent from Galičnik for months or even years at a time. By seasonal work they earned enough to support their families, and sometimes made a fortune.
The most important event in the village is the Galička Svadba, a traditional wedding custom held annually in summer (in July), on the day of the village feast of the Patron Saint – Petrovden (St. Peter's day). During the wedding, local men will dance the "Teškoto" (the "hard" or "heavy") - a dance that is meant to symbolize the overcoming of difficulties in life.
Another manifestation that takes place in Galičnik each year is the Galičnik Art Colony.
Notable people from Galičnik
- Aleksandar Sarievski (1922–2002)
- Georgi Pulevski (1838–1895)
- Partenij Zografski (1818–1876)
- Dimitrije Bužarovski (b. 1952)
- Doksim Mihailović (1883–1912)
- Slavko Brezovski (1921-
- Galičnik, Skudrinje and Debar lake.
- Church of St. Peter and Paul.
- Old postcard from Galičnik - 1903-1908.
- Architecture in Galičnik.
- 2009: Galičnik's wedding poster.
- Request with stamp from Kipro Mitrev, from village Sushica, Galichnik area, asking to get permission to buy sheep. (18 March 1917)
- Population by nationality in ten municipalities of the city's municipal government of the City Galichnik 1917.
- Linda Welters (1 November 1999). Folk Dress in Europe and Anatolia: Beliefs about Protection and Fertility. Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 100–. ISBN 978-1-85973-287-8.
- "Teskoto". www.soros.org.mk. Retrieved 2008-10-19.
- Official web site of Galichnik
- Penultimate Phase of Procedure for Entrance of Galicnik Wedding in UNSECO List - Custom with More than 30 Rites
- Galicnik Macedonia, Kinoteka na Makedonija 1939-40 from filmarchivesonline
- Images from Galičnik
- Photos from Galichnik Wedding
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Galičnik.|