Gaius Fulvius Plautianus

Gaius Fulvius Plautianus

Born Leptis Magna, Africa Province
Died 205
Allegiance Roman Empire
Years of service 197205
Rank Praetorian prefect
Unit Praetorian Guard
Other work Consul of the Roman Empire in 203

Gaius or Lucius Fulvius Plautianus (ca 150 – 22 January 205) was a member of the Roman gens Fulvia (the Fulvius family), a family of the patrician status which had been active in politics since the Roman Republic.

Plautianus was originally from Leptis Magna, southeast of Carthage (modern Libya, North Africa). He was a maternal cousin and long-time friend of Roman Emperor Lucius Septimius Severus. Plautianus' father was another Gaius Fulvius Plautianus, born ca 130, whose sister, Fulvia Pia (ca 125 - aft. 198), was married to Severus' father Publius Septimius Geta.

Plautianus was appointed Prefect Commander of the Praetorian Guard in 197. Due to their friendship, Severus rewarded Plautianus with various honors, including a consular insignia, a seat in the Roman Senate and the Consulship of 203. During his consulship, Plautianus' image was minted on coins along with Severus' second son Publius Septimius Geta.

He assisted Severus in administering the empire and became very wealthy and powerful. Severus made him his second in command. In 202, Plautianus married his daughter Publia Fulvia Plautilla to Caracalla (Severus’ first son) in Rome. Plautianus became so powerful that Roman Empress Julia Domna and Caracalla began to be concerned.

The marriage between Caracalla and Publia Fulvia Plautilla was not a happy one. In fact, Caracalla loathed both her and her father, threatening to kill them after becoming sole emperor. When Plautianus discovered this, he plotted to overthrow Severus' family.

When Plautianus' treachery was discovered, the imperial family summoned him to the palace and ordered his death on 22 January 205. After his death, Plautianus’ property was confiscated, his son of the same name, daughter and granddaughter were exiled to Sicily and then later to Lipari and his name was erased from public monuments. His son, daughter and granddaughter were strangled on Caracalla's orders in early 212.

He married Hortensia and had:


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    Political offices
    Preceded by
    Titus Murrenius Severus ,
    Gaius Cassius Regallianus
    Consul of the Roman Empire
    with Publius Septimius Geta
    Succeeded by
    Lucius Fabius Cilo,
    Marcus Annius Flavius Libo
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