Gaetano Polidori (1764–1853) was an Italian writer and scholar living in London. He was the son of Agostino Ansano Polidori (1714–78), a physician and poet who lived and practised in his native Bientina, near Pisa, Tuscany.
Polidori studied law at the University of Pisa. He became secretary to the tragedian Vittorio Alfieri in 1785 and remained with him four years.
He came to England from Paris in 1790 after resigning as Alfieri's secretary. He settled in London, working as an Italian teacher.
He translated various literary works into Italian, notably, John Milton's Paradise Lost and Horace Walpole's The Castle of Otranto, as well as other writings of Milton and Lucan. He wrote prolifically, producing his own fiction, poetry, criticism, and tragedies.
In 1793, he married an English governess, Anna Maria Pierce, and they had four sons and four daughters. His oldest son John William Polidori was a physician to Lord Byron and author of the first vampire story in English, The Vampyre (1819).
His daughter Frances Polidori married exiled Italian scholar Gabriele Rossetti and had four children, Maria Francesca Rossetti, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, William Michael Rossetti and Christina Georgina Rossetti.
Gaetano Polidori published a number of works, including some of his own writings. He also set up a private press at his home in London, where amongst other works (mostly his own), he printed the first editions of some poems by his grandchildren, Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Christina Rossetti. He also printed an edition of the poem Osteologia, which his father Agostino Ansano Polidori had written in 1763.
He retired to a house in Holmer Green, Buckinghamshire in 1836.
- Rossetti–Polidori family tree
- Doughty, Oswald (1949). Dante Gabriel Rossetti: A Victorian Romantic. New Haven: Yale University Press.
- Packer, L. M. (1963). Christina Rossetti. Berkeley: University of California Press.
- Toynbee, P. J. (1909). Dante in English Literature from Chaucer to Cary. London: Metheun.
- Waller, Ross Douglas (1932). The Rossetti Family, 1824-1854. Manchester: Manchester University Press.