Gaetano Arfé (12 November 1925 – 13 September 2007) was an Italian politician, historian, and journalist. From 1966 to 1976 he published the Avanti!, the official newspaper of the Italian Socialist Party, whom he represented as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from 1979 to 1984. He died at the age of 81 on September 13, 2007 in Naples.
- Storia dell'Avanti! (1958)
- Storia del socialismo italiano 1892-1926 (1965)
- Storia delle idee politiche economiche e sociali (1972) (published in 5 volumes)
- La questione socialista (1986)
- I socialisti del mio secolo (2002)
- Scritti di storia e politica (2005)
- Ciro Raia, Gaetano Arfé. Un socialista del mio Paese, Piero Lacaita editore, Manduria-Bari, 2003