|Fate||Purchased by FirstGroup|
|Headquarters||London, United Kingdom|
Hull Trains (80%)
GB Railways was the parent company of a number of train operating companies, running the Anglia Railways franchise from January 1997 and launching Hull Trains and GB Railfreight. GB Railways was also involved in the management of the Estonian rail company Edelaraudtee and had an investment in Great Southern Rail in Australia.
The company was acquired by FirstGroup in August 2003.
GB Railways was formed in October 1996 by entrepreneurs with diverse backgrounds initially to bid for rail franchises in the United Kingdom during the privatisation of British Rail. After being awarded the Anglia franchise in 1996, GB Railways was listed on the Alternative Investment Market in January 1997.
In October 1997 as part of the Great Southern Railway Consortium with Legal & General, Macquarie Bank, RailAmerica, G13 Pty Ltd and Serco, it acquired the interstate passenger services of Australian National Railways, which were operated as Great Southern Rail. In 1998 GB Railways, as part of the Inter Capital Express consortium, was shortlisted for a high-speed rail service from Sydney to Canberra. In September 2000 GB Railways, as part of the Western Freight consortium with AMEC Engineering, lodged a bid for the Westrail freight business in Western Australia.
In November 2000 GB Railways acquired an interest in the Estonian passenger rail operator Edelaraudtee through Estonian subsidiary GB Railways Eesti AS, for 10million Kroon ($540,000), with investment and stock increase deals over five years as part of the agreement. GB Railways owned 20% of the shares, with the majority owners being Edelaraudtee chairman Henn Ruubel and lawyer Marcel Vichmannile. In 2002 GB Railways investment in the company was only £70,000 – it provided management to the company on a fee basis.
GB Railways launched freight train operating company GB Railfreight in March 2001.
In 2001 the company was rumoured to be in takeover talks with potential suitors. The company's services were badly affected by the speed restrictions imposed on all train operators by Railtrack after the Hatfield rail crash, and was making a net loss despite receiving an increased subsidy from the Strategic Rail Authority.
In 2002 a consortium of GNER and Freightliner attempted to acquire the company, valuing it at around £1 per share, or £8.75 million; GNER sought the passenger trains operations, whilst Freightliner sought the GB Railfreight subsidiary. The offer was rejected without discussion and the companies ceased the acquisition attempt.
In July 2003 FirstGroup made a takeover offer for GB Railways, offering £2.50 per share offer, with further deferred consideration of £2.00 if the Greater Anglia franchise was won and £0.50 if either the Northern Rail or Wales & Borders franchises were won. None of the bids were successful.
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- G13 Pty Ltd
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- Westrail bids shortlisted Railway Gazette International 1 September 2000
- "Short List Announced for Westrail Freight Sale" Railway Digest (Australian Rail Historical Society) September 2000 Page 5
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- "Freightliner bid shunted away by GB", This is London, 18 September 2002
- Osborne, Alistair (17 July 2003), "First Group bids 500p a share for GB Railways", The Telegraph, The Telegraph
- Recommended cash offer for GB Railways Group plc FirstGroup plc 16 July 2003
- National Express Group Announced as Preferred Bidder for new Greater Anglia franchise Strategic Rail Authority 22 December 2003
- Serco-NedRailways Announced as Preferred Bidder for new Northern Rail Franchise Strategic Rail Authority 1 July 2004
- SRA Announces Preferred Bidder for New Integrated Wales Franchise Strategic Rail Authority 1 August 2003 Wales & Borders
- Wright, Robert (1 June 2010), "Eurotunnel in £30m Deal for GB Railfreight", FT, Pearson plc