|Coordinates||38°08′S 144°19′E / 38.133°S 144.317°ECoordinates: 38°08′S 144°19′E / 38.133°S 144.317°E|
|LGA(s)||City of Greater Geelong|
Fyansford is a township on the western edge of Geelong, Victoria, Australia, named after Captain Foster Fyans who came to Geelong as a Police magistrate in October, 1837. It is located at the junction of the Barwon and Moorabool rivers.
Fyansford is one of the earliest places of settlement in the Geelong region. Fyans established his police camp nearby where the Moorabool could be forded - giving the name Fyan's Ford.
The area was once a centre for Geelong industry. In 1845 the first flour mill was erected by William Henry Collins on the banks of the Barwon. By 1859 the population was sufficient to justify a Post Office which opened on 1 February 1859 (closing in 1978). The Barwon Paper Mill opened at nearby Buckley's Falls in 1876. In 1895 mill became part of the Australian Paper Mills company, the predecessor of Amcor Limited.
Cement production began at Fyansford in 1890 led by Peter McCann, but it was not until 1911 that a modern rotary kiln was installed. The original Australian Portland Cement company plant was located at the foot of the Fyansford hill between Deviation Road and Hyland Street. In 1918 a railway line was extended from the North Geelong railway station to the top of the hill above Fyansford, and in 1926 the narrow gauge Fyansford Cement Works Railway was opened to serve a new quarry, and the works themselves expanded across Hyland Street, which became the main production site, Geelong Cement, in later years. The cement works were later acquired by Adelaide Brighton Cement, and were closed in 2001.
The Hamilton Highway runs though the town. The first river crossing at Fyansford was a ford, with the first wooden bridge built downriver by the Corio and Bannockburn Shire councils in 1854, and was tolled until 1877. It was in poor condition by 1898, with load restrictions being put into place. A new bridge was built nearby in 1900 by John Monash and J. T. N. Anderson, the three-arch bridge being the largest Monier reinforced concrete bridge in the world at the time. In 1970 a new bridge was built on the site of the old wooden bridge to cater for heavier traffic on the Hamilton Highway, the 1900 bridge retained for pedestrians.
High Street (now Hyland Street) was one of the first sealed roads in the area in 1933, the road being relaid in concrete in 1937. Deviation Road was built between 1931-32 with unemployment labour during the Great Depression and opened in 1933. Cut into the hillside, the surface was originally of concrete construction. The road opened 54 years after the first petition by Fyansford residents for such a road.
Heritage listed sites
Fyansford contains a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- 42-52 and 100 Lower Paper Mills Rd, Barwon Paper Mill Complex
- 425-465 Hamilton Hwy, Frogmore
- 67 Hyland St, Fyansford Hotel
- Hamilton Hwy, Old Fyansford Bridge
- 150-220 McCurdy Rd, Old Geelong Orphanage Asylum and Common School
- 20-50 Hamilton Hwy, Old Swan Inn
- 1861 - 227
- 1901 - 134
- 1933 - 189
- 1961 - 238
- Fyansford, 1908
- Fyansford State School, built during the 1880s
- Fyansford Bridge
- Upstream from Buckleys Falls on the Barwon River
- Bridge over the Moorabool
- Plaque marking opening of the 1900 bridge
- Plaque detailing the history of the township, placed in 1988 for the Australian Bicentenary
- Remains of the Fyansford cement works
- Remains of the Fyansford cement works
- Geelong Bypass crossing of the Moorabool River under construction
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fyansford, Victoria.|
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Fyansford (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-10-01.
- City of Greater Geelong: Fyansford
- Geelong Timeline 1802 - 1910
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 2008-04-11.
- "Fyansford Line". Rail Geelong. Marcus Wong. Retrieved 2008-02-08.
- The Fyansford Quarry Railway Buckland, John Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, June, 1951, pp81-82
- Adelaide Brighton Ltd Summary Report: December 2000
- John, McNeil (1990) A Journey to Destiny 1890-1990 100 Years of Cement Manufacturing at Fyansford by Australian Cement Limited
- "Barwon Paper Mill Complex (H0743)". Victorian Heritage Register. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 2014-03-26.
- "Frogmore (H0696)". Victorian Heritage Register. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 2014-03-26.
- "Fyansford Hotel (H0744)". Victorian Heritage Register. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 2014-03-26.
- "Bridge (H1108)". Victorian Heritage Register. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 2014-03-26.
- "Former Protestant Orphan Asylum and Common School (H1095)". Victorian Heritage Register. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 2014-03-26.
- "Old Swan Inn (H0267)". Victorian Heritage Register. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 2014-03-26.