Further-eastern European Time

Further-eastern European Time (FET) is a time zone defined as three hours ahead of UTC (UTC+03:00) without daylight savings time. As of September 2016, it is used in Belarus, western Russia and Turkey, and is also called Minsk Time, Moscow Time or Turkey Time (TRT).

The zone was established in October 2011 as the official time for the Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia, and then followed by Belarus. It was originally called Kaliningrad Time in Russia; however, on 26 October 2014, most of Russia moved the UTC offset back one hour meaning that Kaliningrad Time is now UTC+02:00, and Moscow Time is UTC+03:00.

Several African and Middle Eastern countries use UTC+03:00 all year long, where it called East Africa Time (EAT) and Arabia Standard Time (AST).


Until 2011, Further-eastern European Time was identical to Eastern European Time (UTC+2; UTC+3 with daylight saving time). However, on 27 March 2011, Russia moved to the so-called "year-round daylight saving time",[1] so that clocks would remain on what had been the summer time all year round, making Kaliningrad Time permanently set to UTC+3, peculiarly placing its time ahead of countries to its east during winter. Belarus followed Russia on 15 September 2011,[2] and the same decision was made by the Ukrainian parliament on 20 September 2011.[3] After strong criticism from the mass media, on 18 October 2011 the Ukrainian parliament cancelled its previous decision.[4] Transnistria, a breakaway territory from Moldova on the eastern side of the Dniester river bordering Ukraine, followed Ukraine by at first adopting Further-eastern European Time[5] but later cancelling this decision.[6]

The name "Further-eastern European Time" seems to have come from work on the tz database.[7][8][9]

See also


  1. Russia Time Change
  2. Eternal Daylight Saving Time (DST) in Belarus
  3. Ukraine cancels use of daylight saving time, Kyiv Post (September 20, 2011)
  4. "Ukraine to return to standard time on Oct. 30 (updated)". Kyiv Post. 18 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
  5. Transnistria stays on Daylight Saving Time
  6. Transnistria's clocks move back October 30, 2011
  7. Tim Parenti and Paul Eggert (Sep 20, 2011). "Ukraine adopts UTC+3 year-round". Retrieved 1 Dec 2011.
  8. Alexander Bokovoy, employed at Red Hat Software (Sep 21, 2011). Дальневосточное Европейское время (in Russian). Retrieved 16 Oct 2011.
  9. Edwin Groothuis, at freebsd.org (27 Sep 2011). "cvs commit: ports/misc/zoneinfo Makefile distinfo". Retrieved 16 Oct 2011.
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