Free State of Anhalt
| Free State of Anhalt|
|State of Germany|
"Song of Anhalt"
Free State of Anhalt (red) within Germany.
51°50′N 12°15′E / 51.833°N 12.250°ECoordinates: 51°50′N 12°15′E / 51.833°N 12.250°E
|•||1918–1919||Wolfgang Heine (first)|
|•||1940–1945||Rudolf Jordan (last)|
|Historical era||Interwar / World War II|
|•||Established||12 November 1918|
|•||Disestablished||23 July 1945|
|•||1925||2,314 km2 (893 sq mi)|
|Density||151.7 /km2 (392.9 /sq mi)|
The Free State of Anhalt (German: Freistaat Anhalt) was formed after Joachim Ernst, Duke of Anhalt abdicated on 12 November 1918, ending the Duchy of Anhalt. It was a state of Germany during the time of the Weimar Republic. In May 1932 the Nazi Party came to power in Anhalt and, after the Nazis attained power at the federal level in 1933, Anhalt was abolished de facto by the federal Nazi government, becoming part of the Gau of Magdeburg-Anhalt.
At the end of World War II, when Germany was divided into zones of occupation, Anhalt was merged with the bulk of the Prussian Province of Saxony to form the Soviet-administered German state of Saxony-Anhalt. This state was then dissolved in 1952 but reformed in 1990 after the reunification of Germany.
Ministers-President of Anhalt
- 1918-1919: Wolfgang Heine (SPD)
- 1919-1924: Heinrich Deist (SPD)
- 1924-1924: Willy Knorr (DNVP)
- 1924-1932: Heinrich Deist (SPD)
- 1932-1940: Alfred Freyberg (NSDAP, though not as Gauleiter of Magedeburg-Anhalt)
- 1940-1945: Rudolf Jordan (NSDAP, as Gauleiter of Magdeburg-Anhalt)