Francis Charteris, 10th Earl of Wemyss

Lord Elcho by Carlo Pellegrini, 1870.
64 Queen Street, Edinburgh

Francis Richard Charteris, 10th Earl of Wemyss GCVO (4 August 1818 – 30 June 1914), styled as Lord Elcho between 1853 and 1883, was a British Whig politician. He founded the Liberty and Property Defence League.


He was the eldest son and heir of Francis Wemyss-Charteris, 9th Earl of Wemyss and succeeded his father in 1883. Prior to then he was known as Lord Elcho. As Lord Elcho he was commanding officer of the London Scottish regiment for 17 years from its formation in 1859.

Charteris was a member of the Canterbury Association from 27 March 1848, and belonged to the management committee.[1]

He developed an interest in the alternative medical practice of Homeopathy, even becoming President of the London Homeopathic Hospital until his death. The strength of his belief is evidenced by his writing in March 1914:

"I wish all success to Homoeopathy, to which I attach my physical well-being in great measure. When I was 90 I was asked to what I attributed my well-being at that late period of life. My answer was, 'To parentage and moderation'. I should have added 'AND HOMOEOPATHY,' with which I have been treated since I was 20."[2]

His Edinburgh address was 64 Queen Street, the only four-bay townhouse on this prestigious street in Edinburgh's First New Town.[3]


On 29 August 1843, he married Lady Anne Frederica Anson, the second daughter of Thomas Anson, 1st Earl of Lichfield.[1] In addition to his five sons he was also father of Evelyn Charteris, who married John Vesey, 4th Viscount de Vesci. Their only daughter Mary Gertrude was the second wife of Aubrey Herbert (second son of Henry Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon), whose daughter Laura Herbert married the writer Evelyn Waugh, and was the mother of Auberon Waugh.[4]


Charteris Bay in Lyttelton Harbour was chosen as a locality name to commemorate his role in the settlement of Canterbury in New Zealand.[1]


  1. 1 2 3 Blain, Rev. Michael (2007). The Canterbury Association (1848-1852): A Study of Its Members’ Connections (PDF). Christchurch: Project Canterbury. pp. 29–30. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
  2. London Homeopathic Hospital, "Historical Sketch of the London Homoepathic Hospital..." (London: LHH, 1914)
  3. Edinburgh and Leith Post Office Directory 1861-62
  4. John Howard Wilson, Evelyn Waugh: a Literary Biography (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press 2001), p. 111 ff.: see also "Lady Evelyn Charteris", The Peerage, 30 May 2008.
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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Augustus Moreton
Sir Christopher Codrington
Member of Parliament for East Gloucestershire
1841 1846
With: Sir Christopher Codrington
Succeeded by
Marquess of Worcester
Sir Christopher Codrington
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Buchan-Hepburn
Member of Parliament for Haddingtonshire
1847 1883
Succeeded by
Lord Elcho
Political offices
Preceded by
Marquess of Chandos
The Lord Henry Lennox
Thomas Bateson
Junior Lord of the Treasury
1853 1855
Succeeded by
The Viscount Monck
Viscount Duncan
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Francis Wemyss-Charteris
Earl of Wemyss
1883 1914
Succeeded by
Hugo Charteris
Earl of March
1883 1914
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