Francis Manners, 6th Earl of Rutland
|Francis Manners, 6th Earl of Rutland|
The 6th Earl of Rutland
|Father||John Manners, 4th Earl of Rutland|
17 December 1632|
Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire
20 February 1633|
Francis Manners, 6th Earl of Rutland, KG (1578–1632) was an English nobleman. Despite a brief imprisonment for his involvement in the Essex Rebellion of 1601, he became prominent at the court of James I. He lived at Belvoir Castle in Leicestershire. In 1618 three women, the "Witches of Belvoir", were accused of witchcraft for having allegedly caused the deaths of his two young sons.
In 1598, he went abroad, traveling through France, Germany, and Italy, probably in the company of the former school teacher Robert Dalllington and Inigo Jones. On his return to England he took part, along with his older brother Roger and their younger brother George, in the 1601 rebellion of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, and was imprisoned in the Poultry Counter. He was fined a thousand marks and committed to the custody of his uncle Roger at Enfield. Sir Robert Cecil, however, obtained a remission of the fine, and thus the affair cost little either to him or his brother George. As soon. as he was free he wrote a penitent letter to his uncle Sir John Manners of Haddon. In November 1601, he became a member of the Inner Temple.
On 28 June 1603 Francis Manners travelled with his brother to Denmark to present the Order of the Garter to Christian IV, accompanied by 'picture maker' Inigo Jones among others. He was prominent at the court of James I, and was created a Knight of the Bath on 4 January 1605 at the same time as Prince Charles. On 26 June 1612 he succeeded Roger as the 6th earl of Rutland, and was made lord-lieutenant of Lincolnshire on 15 July of that year. On 7 August he entertained James I at Belvoir, and the king repeated the visit five times in after years. He held the offices of constable of Nottingham Castle and keeper of Sherwood Forest from October 1612 until April 1620, and carried the target or shield in the funeral procession of Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales.
The title of Lord Ros or Roos had been carried by Elizabeth Cecil, 16th Baroness de Ros, a daughter of the third Earl of Rutland, into the Cecil family, but Rutland claimed it on the death of William Cecil, 17th Baron de Ros, in 1618. He was created warden and chief justice of the royal forests north of the Trent on 13 November 1619, and custos rotulorum for Northamptonshire on 7 February 1623. Although he seems to have disapproved an extreme policy in church matters, his family connection with his son-in-law, George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, secured him the appointment, on 21 April 1623, of admiral of the fleet to bring home Prince Charles from Spain. At the coronation of Charles he bore the rod with the dove.
Rutland died 17 December 1632 at an inn in Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire, and was buried on 20 February 1633 in the parish church at Bottesford, Leicestershire. He was succeeded by his younger brother, George, who became the 7th Earl.
A discovery was made by W. H. Stevenson in 1905 among some records being kept in Belvoir Castle of an entry that indicates that in March 1613, the year that the Globe theatre would later burn down during a performance of Henry VIII, William Shakespeare and Richard Burbage, who was skilled as a portrait painter of his fellow actors, were each paid forty-four shillings in gold for creating and painting the Earl of Rutland’s emblem. This decorative emblem was to be used at a festive tournament later that month at Whitehall in London, which was to celebrate the accession of James I ten years earlier.
Rutland married firstly, on 6 May 1602, Frances (died before 26 November 1605), (third daughter and coheir of Sir Henry Knyvet of Charlton, Wiltshire and Elizabeth, the daughter of Sir James Stumpe of Bromham, Wiltshire), and widow of Sir William Bevill of Killigarth or Kilkhampton, Cornwall. They had a daughter, Katherine, who on 16 May 1620 married George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham. After Buckingham's death, Katherine married Randal MacDonnell, 1st Marquess of Antrim.
He married secondly, before 26 October 1608, Cecily, eldest daughter of Sir John Tufton, 1st Baronet, Hothfield, Kent, (and his second wife, Christian, daughter of Sir Humphrey Browne), and widow of Sir Edward Hungerford. They had two sons, Henry (died 1613) and Francis (died 5 March 1620), whose deaths in infancy were attributed to sorcery: It is mentioned in the inscription on the Earl's tomb in St Mary the Virgin's Church, Bottesford: "In 1608 he married ye lady Cecila Hungerford, daughter to ye Honorable Knight Sir John Tufton, by whom he had two sons, both of which died in their infancy by wicked practises and sorcerye".
- Archbold 1893, p. 49.
- Chaney 2000, p. .
- Chaney 2006, p. .
- Cokayne 1949, p. 261.
- Loomie 2004.
- Lee, Sidney. A Life of William Shakespeare. Macmillan (1916) page 455.
- New Shakespeareana. Vol V, no. 2. Shakespeare Society of New York. Shakespeare Press. April 1906. page 54
- Bindoff 1981.
- Cokayne 1949, p. 262.
- Baker 1982.
- N.M.S. 1981.
- Ohlmeyer 2004.
- Archbold 1893, p. 50.
- Sparham 2006.
- Baker, T.F.T. (1982). "Stumpe, Sir James (by 1519-63), of Malmesbury and Bromham, Wiltshire". In Bindoff, S.T. Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558,. Boydell and Brewer. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
- Bindoff, S.T. (1981). "Knyve, Henry (c.1537-98), of Charlton, Wilts.". In Hasler, P.W. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603. Boydell and Brewer. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
- Chaney, Edward (2000). The Evolution of the Grand Tour (rev. ed.). London.
- Chaney, Edward (2006). Inigo Jones's Roman Sketchbook (2 vols. ed.). London.
- Cokayne, George Edward (1949). The Complete Peerage, edited by Geoffrey H. White. XI. London: St. Catherine Press. pp. 261–2.
- Loomie, A.J. (2004). "Manners, Francis, sixth earl of Rutland (1578–1632)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/17953. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- N.M.S. (1981). "Bevill, Sir William (c.1548-1600), of Killygarth, Cornwall". In Hasler, P.W. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603. Boydell and Brewer. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
- Ohlmeyer, Jane (2004). "MacDonnell , Katherine, duchess of Buckingham and marchioness of Antrim (1603?–1649)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/69581. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Sparham, Bob (23 December 2006). "The Bottesford Witches, Introduction". Bottesford Community Heritage Project. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Archbold, William Arthur Jobson (1893). "Manners, Francis". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 36. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 49–50.
The Marquess of Buckingham
|Justice in Eyre
north of the Trent
| Succeeded by|
The Earl of Arundel
|Peerage of England|
|Earl of Rutland
| Succeeded by|
|Baron de Ros
| Succeeded by|