Francis Conyngham, 2nd Marquess Conyngham

The Most Honourable
The Marquess Conyngham
Postmaster General
In office
5 July 1834  14 November 1834
Monarch William IV
Prime Minister The Viscount Melbourne
Preceded by The Duke of Richmond
Succeeded by The Lord Maryborough
In office
30 April 1835  22 May 1835
Monarch William IV
Prime Minister The Viscount Melbourne
Preceded by The Lord Maryborough
Succeeded by The Earl of Lichfield
Lord Chamberlain of the Household
In office
22 May 1835  6 May 1839
Monarch William IV
Prime Minister The Viscount Melbourne
Preceded by The Marquess Wellesley
Succeeded by The Earl of Uxbridge
Personal details
Born 11 June 1797 (1797-06-11)
Dublin, Ireland
Died 17 July 1876 (1876-07-18) (aged 79)
London, England
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Lady Jane Paget

General Francis Nathaniel Conyngham, 2nd Marquess Conyngham KP, GCH, PC (11 June 1797 17 July 1876), styled Lord Francis Conyngham between 1816 and 1824 and Earl of Mount Charles between 1824 and 1832, was a British soldier, courtier and politician.

Background and education

Born in Dublin, Conyngham was the second son of General Henry Conyngham, 1st Marquess Conyngham, and Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Denison, and the brother of Henry Conyngham, Earl of Mount Charles and Albert Denison, 1st Baron Londesborough. He was educated at Eton. He became known as Lord Francis Conyngham in 1816 when his father was created Marquess Conyngham and gained the courtesy title of Earl of Mount Charles in 1824 on the early death of his unmarried elder brother.[1]

Political career

Conyngham was returned to Parliament for Westbury in 1818, a seat he held until 1820,[1][2] and later represented Donegal (succeeding his deceased elder brother the Earl of Mount Charles) between 1825 and 1831.[1][3] He served under the Earl of Liverpool as Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs between 1823 and 1826 and under Liverpool, George Canning, Lord Goderich and the Duke of Wellington as a Lord of the Treasury between 1826 and 1830. In 1832 he succeeded his father in the marquessate and entered the House of Lords.[1]

In July 1834 Lord Conyngham joined the Whig government of Lord Melbourne as Postmaster General, a post he retained until the government fell in December of the same year, and briefly held the same post under Melbourne again between April and May 1835.[1] The latter month he was sworn of the Privy Council[4] and appointed Lord Chamberlain of the Household. He remained in this position until 1839,[1] when he was succeeded by his brother-in-law the Earl of Uxbridge.

Lord Conyngham was also Vice-Admiral of Ulster between 1849 and 1876 and Lord-Lieutenant of County Meath between 1869 and 1876. He was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Hanoverian Order in 1830[1] and a Knight of the Order of St Patrick in 1833.[5]

Military career

On 21 September 1820, Conyngham purchased a cornetcy in the 22nd Light Dragoons,[6] but this appointment did not take place, and he was replaced by his brother Lord Albert Conyngham,[7] after he was appointed, without purchase, to be cornet and sub-lieutenant in the 2nd Regiment of Life Guards on 23 April 1821.[8] He purchased a lieutenancy in the 9th Light Dragoons on 24 October 1821,[9] and on 13 December, he exchanged from the half-pay of the 9th Light Dragoons into the 1st Regiment of Life Guards.[10] He exchanged again, into the 17th Light Dragoons, on 3 April 1823,[11] and purchased an unattached captaincy on 12 June 1823.[12] Mount Charles, as he then was, entered the Ceylon Regiment, and purchased an unattached majority on 2 October 1827.[13] He became a Major-General in 1858, a Lieutenant-General in 1866 and a full General in 1874.[1]


Drawing of two men on their knees in front of Victoria
Queen Victoria receives the news of her accession from Lord Conyngham (left) and the Archbishop of Canterbury.

In his youth Lord Conyngham was a Page of Honour to the Prince Regent (later George IV). Between 1820 and 1830 he was a Groom of the Bedchamber and Master of the Robes to George IV.[1] At 5 a.m. on 20 June 1837, he and the Archbishop went to Kensington Palace to inform Princess Victoria that she was now Queen of Great Britain and Ireland. Upon the death of William IV he told Princess Victoria that she was the new monarch, and was the first to address her "Your Majesty".[14][15]


Lord Conyngham married Lady Jane Paget, daughter of Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey, on 23 April 1824. They had six children:

Lady Conyngham died at Folkestone, Kent, in January 1876, aged 77. Lord Conyngham only survived her by five months and died in London in July 1876, aged 79, after an operation for lithotomy. He was succeeded in the marquessate by his eldest son, George.[1]


Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Benjamin Shaw
Ralph Franco
Member of Parliament for Westbury
With: Ralph Franco 18181819
William Leader Maberly 18191820
Succeeded by
Jonathan Elford
Nathaniel Barton
Preceded by
Earl of Mount Charles
George Vaughan Hart
Member of Parliament for Donegal
With: George Vaughan Hart
Succeeded by
Sir Edmund Hayes
Edward Conolly
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Clanwilliam
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
with The Lord Howard de Walden from 1824

Succeeded by
The Lord Howard de Walden
The Marquess of Clanricarde
Preceded by
The Duke of Richmond
Postmaster General
Succeeded by
The Lord Maryborough
Preceded by
The Lord Maryborough
Postmaster General
Succeeded by
The Earl of Lichfield
Preceded by
The Marquess Wellesley
Lord Chamberlain
Succeeded by
The Earl of Uxbridge
Court offices
Preceded by
Charles Nassau Thomas
Master of the Robes
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Pole, Bt
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Fingall
Lord Lieutenant of Meath
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Headfort
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Henry Conyngham
Marquess Conyngham
Succeeded by
George Conyngham
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 7/30/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.