Frölicher space

In mathematics, Frölicher spaces extend the notions of calculus and smooth manifolds. They were introduced in 1982 by the mathematician Alfred Frölicher.


A Frölicher space consists of a non-empty set X together with a subset C of Hom(R, X) called the set of smooth curves, and a subset F of Hom(X, R) called the set of smooth real functions, such that for each real function

f : X R

in F and each curve

c : R X

in C, the following axioms are satisfied:

  1. f in F if and only if for each γ in C, f . γ in C(R, R)
  2. c in C if and only if for each φ in F, φ . c in C(R, R)

Let A and B be two Frölicher spaces. A map

m : A B

is called smooth if for each smooth curve c in CA, m.c is in CB. Furthermore the space of all such smooth maps has itself the structure of a Frölicher space. The smooth functions on

C(A, B)

are the images of


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