Foreign relations of Cambodia

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politics and government of
Foreign relations

The Royal Cambodian Government (RGC) has established diplomatic relations with most countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, and France, as well as all of its Asian neighbors, to include the People's Republic of China, India, Vietnam, Laos, South Korea, North Korea, and Thailand. The RGC is a member of most major international organizations, including the United Nations and its specialized agencies such as the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. The RGC is an Asian Development Bank (ADB) member, a member of ASEAN, also a member of the WTO. In 2005 Cambodia attended the inaugural East Asia Summit.

International disputes

Delegates of the ASEAN Summit pose for a photograph at the Peace Palace in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, on 19 November 2012.

Cambodia is involved in a dispute regarding offshore islands and sections of the boundary with Vietnam. In addition, the maritime boundary Cambodia has with Vietnam is undefined. Parts of Cambodia's border with Thailand are indefinite, and the maritime boundary with Thailand is not clearly defined.

Illicit drugs

Cambodia is a transshipment site for Golden Triangle heroin, and possibly a site of money laundering. Reportedly, there is corruption related to narcotics in parts of the government, military and police. Cambodia is also a possible site of small-scale opium, heroin, and amphetamine production. The country is a large producer of cannabis for the international market.

Bilateral relations


Country Formal relations began Notes
 Bhutan See Bhutan–Cambodia relations
 Brunei9 June 1992See Brunei–Cambodia relations
  • Brunei has an embassy in Phnom Penh.[2]
  • Cambodia has an embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan.[2]
  • The relations are mainly on economics and security.
 BurmaSee Burma–Cambodia relations
 East Timor2003See Cambodia–East Timor relations
  • Cambodia supports East Timor's candidacy in ASEAN and the ICC.
  • East Timor's foreign minister went for a visit in Cambodia in 2003.
 India1981See Cambodia–India relations
 Indonesia1957See Cambodia–Indonesia relations
 Japan1950See Cambodia–Japan relations
  • Japan has an embassy in Phnom Penh.[3]
  • Both Countries relations that in 1946, King Norodom Sihanouk said that Japan do not need to pay for the destruction since 1940, he said Cambodia wanted to be allied with Japan.
 Laos15 June 1956
  • Laos has an embassy in Phnom Penh.[4]
  • Cambodia has an embassy in Vientiane.[5]
  • Historically, relations have been relatively good, despite long-standing unresolved border disputes.[6]
 Malaysia2 December 1996See Cambodia–Malaysia relations
  • The relations are mainly in economic.[7]
  • Malaysia consider as one of the biggest investor in the country.[8]
 Mongolia11 November 1960[9]See Cambodia-Mongolia relations
 North Korea1958See Cambodia–North Korea relations
  • Cambodia is North Korea's oldest ally in Southeast Asia.
  • North Korea was helped by Soviet Union, China and Cambodia during the Korean War
 People's Republic of China19 July 1958See Cambodia–China relations
  • Cambodia and the People's Republic of China relations have strengthened considerably after the end of the Cambodian-Vietnamese War.
  • Cambodia is China's oldest ally.
 Philippines1956See Cambodia–Philippines relations
  • The two countries have an agreements on economic and trade relations, agricultural and agribusiness collaboration, and tourism cooperation.
  • Cambodia has an embassy in Manila.
 Singapore10 August 1965See Cambodia–Singapore relations
  • Cambodia was one of the first countries to recognize Singapore's sovereignty when it became independent in 1965.
  • Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong visited Cambodia in 2005 and 2012.
  • Singapore has an embassy in Phnom Penh.
  • Cambodia has an embassy in Singapore.
 South Korea18 May 1970[10]See Foreign relations of South Korea [10]
King Norodom Sihamoni with President of South Korea Lee Myung-bak in 2009.
 Thailand1468See Cambodia–Thailand relations
1991 (reestablished)
See Cambodia–Vietnam relations
  • Bilateral relations between the Cambodia and Vietnam were for long strained due to the Cambodian-Vietnamese War.
  • The maritime boundary with Vietnam is hampered by unresolved dispute over sovereignty of offshore islands.


Country Formal relations began Notes
 Armenia14 May 1992[11]
 Croatia10 September 1996
 Cyprus16 May 2000[12]
 Denmark20 November 1969See Cambodia–Denmark relations
 Finland20 January 1970[13]
  • Finland recognized Cambodia on December 19, 1969. Diplomatic relations established on January 20, 1970, re-established August 9, 1976.[13]
  • Cambodia is represented in Finland through its embassy in London, United Kingdom [14]
  • Finland is represented in Cambodia through its embassy in Bangkok, Thailand[15]
 France1863See Cambodia–France relations
 GermanySee Cambodia–Germany relations
 Latvia4 May 1990[19]
 Malta13 January 2005[20]
 Romania10 July 1963See Cambodia–Romania relations
  • Romania has no diplomatic office in Cambodia. The diplomatic representation of Romania in Cambodia is handled by the Romanian embassy in Hanoi, in neighbouring Vietnam.
  • Cambodia has no diplomatic office in Romania. The diplomatic representation of Cambodia in Romania is handled by the Cambodian embassy in Moscow, Russia.
 Russia13 May 1956[21]See Cambodia–Russia relations
Prime Minister Hun Sen with President of Russia Vladimir Putin in 2016.
  • Switzerland recognized Cambodia in 1957, and the two countries have maintained diplomatic relations since 1963.
  • Bilateral relations between Cambodia and Switzerland are good. Switzerland supports the transition process and development efforts in Cambodia.
  • Trade between the two countries is marginal.[23]
 United Kingdom1953
1976 (reestablished)
See Cambodia–United Kingdom relations


Country Formal relations began Notes
 United States11 July 1950See Cambodia–United States relations
Prime Minister Hun Sen with United States Secretary of State John Kerry in 2016.
 Uruguay1995See Cambodia–Uruguay relations

Middle East

Country Formal relations began Notes
 KuwaitSee Cambodia–Kuwait relations
 PakistanSee Cambodia–Pakistan relations
  • Pakistan has an embassy in Phnom Penh. Cambodia has an embassy in Pakistan.


Country Formal relations began Notes
 Ivory Coast2008[26]See Cambodia–Ivory Coast relations
  • Guillaume Soro visited Cambodia and met with President of the National Assembly Heng Samrin.
  • The two countries agreed to strengthen their diplomatic ties.
  • Soro pledged to seek possibilities to cooperate in the agricultural sector with Cambodia.
 Malawi20 July 2011See Cambodia–Malawi relations
  • In 2011 Cambodia and Malawi have entered into formal diplomatic relations and have agreed to mutually provide all necessary assistance for the performance of the functions of diplomatic representatives in accordance international practice.
 Sierra Leone18 April 1961See Cambodia–Sierra Leone relations
 South AfricaJanuary 1985See Cambodia–South Africa relations
  • The Embassy of South Africa in Bangkok, Thailand, is accredited to Cambodia.

See also


  1. "Cambodia country brief - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  2. 1 2 "Brunei-Cambodia Relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (Brunei). Retrieved 5 February 2014.
  3. "Embassy of Japan in Cambodia". Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  4. "Foreign Embassies in Phnom Penh". Royal Embassy of Cambodia. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  5. "Cambodia Missions Worldwide". Royal Embassy of Cambodia. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  6. Baird, Ian G. (June 2010). "Different views of history: Shades of irredentism along the Laos – Cambodia border" (PDF). Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. 41 (2): 187 – 213.
  7. Kun Makara (24 September 2012). "Malaysia-Cambodia trade increases". The Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  8. "Cambodia, Malaysia pledge to further trade, investment relations". People's Daily Online. 12 May 2010. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  10. 1 2 "Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Korea-Asia Pacific". Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  11. "Cambodia - Bilateral Relations - Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Armenia". Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  13. 1 2 "Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland: Entering Finland and travelling abroad: Cambodia". Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  14. "Embassy of the Kingdom of Cambodia - Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland: Entering Finland and travelling abroad: Diplomatic representation of Cambodia in Finland". Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  15. "Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland: Entering Finland and travelling abroad: Finnish missions in Cambodia". Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  16. Pantheon-Sorbonne University (ed.). "La visite du général de Gaulle à Phnom Penh. Entre mythes et réalités".
  17. "Bilateral Relations: Cambodia". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Greece). 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2009.
  18. "Membres" (in French). L'Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. 2009. Archived from the original on 16 April 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2009.
  19. "Bilateral Agreements - MFA of Latvia". Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  20. "Cambodia - Establishment of diplomatic relations between the Royal Government of Cambodia and the Government of Malta". Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  22. "Cambodia". Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  23. 1 2 "Bilateral relations SwitzerlandCambodia". Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  24. Ly Menghour (30 January 2014). "English Foreign Minister Visits Cambodia". RFI Khmer.
  25. "British Embassy Phnom Penh - GOV.UK". Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  26. "Cambodia, Ivory Coast parliament chiefs vow to bolster bilateral ties". Globaltimes. 2013-11-15. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
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