Folk dance in India
Folk dance in India is a term broadly used to describe all forms of folk and tribal dances in regions across India. While Indian classical dance is considered a higher form of art and was practiced in courts, the temples and on special occasions, folk dance forms are practiced in groups in rural areas as an expression of their daily work and rituals. They are performed on religious , seasonal festivals or entertainment. Some of the popular folk dances that are performed across villages and cities are Bhangra, Garba, Kalbelia and Bihu.
The state-wise distribution of folk dances are
- Assam: Khel, Gopal, Rakhal Lila, Tabal Chongli, Canoe, Nongkrem, Ankiya Nat, Kirtania Natak, Ojapali,Bihu
- Bihar: Jadur, Kathaputli, Bhako, Jhijiya, Karma, Jatra, Natna, Bidesia, Senkela Chhau, Jat-Jatni Bidpada, Ramkhelia.
- Gujarat : Bhavai, Garba, Tippani Dance, Padhar dance, Dangi Nritya, Hudo, Matukdi, Aagwa, Siddi Dhamal
- Haryana : Swang, Naqqal
- Himachal Pradesh : Kariyala, Bhagat, Ras Ihanld, Harnatra Haran or Harin.
- Jammu and Kashmir: Bhand Pathar or Bhand lashna, Vetal Dhamali.
- Karnataka: Yakshagana, Bedara Vesha, Dollu Kunitha, Santa, Doddata-Bayalata, Tala Maddle or Prasang. Dasarata, Radhna.,veeragase
- Kerala: Kodiyattam, Margam Kali, Mudiattam, Thirayattam, Chavittu Nadakam, Chakyar koothu,
- Madhya Pradesh: Maanch, Nacha.
- Maharashtra: Tamasha, Lalit Bharud, Gondha, Dashavatar, Lavani, Koli dance.
- Orissa: Pala Jtra, Daskathia, Mayurbhanj Chhau, Mangal Ras, Sowang.sambalpuri(dalkhai,rasarkeli),parbha
- Punjab: Naqqal, Swang bhangra .
- Rajasthan: Khyal, Rasdhari, Rammat, Turra Kilangi, Gauri, Nautanki, Ihamtara.
- Andhra Pradesh: Veethi Natakam, Burrakatha, lambadi, koya.
- Tamil Nadu: Therukuttu, Veethi Natakam, Bhagwat Mela Natakam, Kurvaanji, Pagal Vasham, Kavadi Chindu.
- Telangana: Bathukamma
- Uttar Pradesh: Bhagat, Sang-Swang, Naqqual.
- Uttrakhand : Chholiya
- Goa : Fugadi, Dashavatar, Perni jagar, Musal khel, Samai nrutya, Gonph dance, Dekhni, Kunbi dance, Ghode modni, Dhalo, Tonya mel, Talgadi
- West Bengal : Chhau (Purulia), Santhali
- Hoiberg, Dale (2000). Students' Britannica India, Volume 2. Popular Prakashans. p. 392.