# Florian Cajori

Florian Cajori | |
---|---|

Florian Cajori at Colorado College | |

Born |
St. Aignan near Thusis, ^{[1]} Graubünden, Switzerland | 28 February 1859

Died |
14 August 1930 71) Berkeley, United States | (aged

Occupation | Mathematician |

**Florian Cajori** (February 28, 1859 – August 14^{[1]}^{[2]} or 15,^{[3]} 1930) was a Swiss-American historian of mathematics.

## Biography

Florian Cajori immigrated to the United States at the age of sixteen. He received both his bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of Wisconsin–Madison.^{[4]} He taught for a few years at Tulane University, before being appointed as professor of applied mathematics there in 1887. He was then driven north by tuberculosis. He founded the Colorado College Scientific Society and taught at Colorado College where he held, at different times, the chair in physics, the chair in mathematics, and the position Dean of the engineering department.^{[5]} While in Colorado, he received his doctorate from Tulane in 1894.

Cajori's *A History of Mathematics* (1894) was the first popular presentation of the history of mathematics in the United States.^{[6]} Based upon his reputation in the history of mathematics (even today his 1928–1929 *History of Mathematical Notations* has been described as "unsurpassed")^{[7]} he was appointed in 1918 to the first history of mathematics chair in the U.S, created especially for him, at the University of California, Berkeley. He remained in Berkeley, California until his death in 1930. Cajori did no original mathematical research unrelated to the history of mathematics.^{[6]} In addition to his numerous books, he also contributed highly recognized and popular historical articles to the *American Mathematical Monthly*.^{[5]} His last work was a revision of Andrew Motte's 1729 translation of Newton's *Principia*, vol.1 The Motion of Bodies, but he died before it was completed. The work was finished by R.T.Crawford of Berkeley, California.

## Societies and honors

- (1917–1918) Mathematical Association of America president
- (1923) American Association for the Advancement of Science vice-president
- (1924–1925) History of Science Society vice-president
- (1929–1930) Comité International d'Histoire des Sciences vice-president
- The Cajori crater on the Moon was named in his honour

## Publications

### Books

- 1890:
*The Teaching and History of Mathematics in the United States*U.S. Government Printing Office. - 1893:
*A History of Mathematics*, Macmillan & Company.^{[8]} - 1898:
*A History of Elementary Mathematics*, Macmillan. - 1909:
*A History of the Logarithmic Slide Rule and Allied Instruments*The Engineering News Publishing Company. - 1916:
*William Oughtred: a Great Seventeenth-century Teacher of Mathematics*The Open Court Publishing Company - 1917:
*A History of Physics in its Elementary Branches*: Including the Evolution of Physical Laboratories, The Macmillan Company. - 1919:
*A History of the Conceptions of Limits and Fluxions in Great Britain, from Newton to Woodhouse*, Open Court Publishing Company.^{[9]} - 1920:
*On the History of Gunter's Scale and the Slide Rule during the Seventeenth Century*Vol. 1, University of California Press. - 1928:
*A History of Mathematical Notations*The Open Court Company. - 1934:
*Sir Isaac Newton's Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy and His System of the World*tr. Andrew Motte, rev. Florian Cajori. Berkeley: University of California Press.^{[10]}

### Articles

- 1913: "History of the Exponential and Logarithmic Concepts", American Mathematical Monthly 20:
- Page 5 From Napier to Leibniz and John Bernoulli I, 1614 — 1712
- Page 35 The Modern Exponential Notation (continued)
- Page 75 : The Creation of a Theory of Logarithms of Complex Numbers by Euler, 1747 — 1749
- Page 107 : From Euler to Wessel and Argand, 1749 — 1800, Barren discussion.
- Page 148: Generalizations and refinements effected during the nineteenth century : Graphic representation
- Page 173: Generalizations and refinements effected during the nineteenth century (2)
- Page 205: Generalizations and refinements effected during the nineteenth century (3)

These seven installments of the article are available through the Early Content program of Jstor.

- 1923: "The History of Notations of the Calculus." Annals of Mathematics, 2nd Ser., Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 1–46

## Notes and references

- 1 2
*Encyclopædia Britannica* - ↑ Raymond Clare Archibald (January 1932). "Florian Cajori 1859-1930".
*Isis*.**17**(2): 384–407. doi:10.1086/346660. - ↑ Florian Cajori (ed.),
*Sir Isaac Newton – Principia*, Vol. 1, University of California Press, 1962, p. ix. - ↑ UW Madison class album, 1883
- 1 2 writer, staff. "Florian Cajori, 1917 MAA President". MAA Mathematical Association of America. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- 1 2 O'Connor and Robertson, J. J. and E. F. "Florian Cajori". The MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of S. Andrews, Scotland. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- ↑ Colorado College page on Florian Cajori.
- ↑ Smith, David Eugene (1894). "Review:
*A history of mathematics*by F. Cajori" (PDF).*Bull. Amer. Math. Soc*.**3**(8): 190–197. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1894-00207-9. - ↑ Smith, David Eugene (1921). "Review: Florian Cajori,
*A History of the Conceptions of Limits and Fluxions in Great Britain from Newton to Woodhouse*".*Bull. Amer. Math. Soc*.**27**(9-10): 468–470. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1921-03475-6. - ↑ Smith, David Eugene (1934). "Cajori's Edition of Newton's Principia".
*Bull. Amer. Math. Soc*.**40**(11): 781–783. doi:10.1090/S0002-9904-1934-05975-5.

## External links

- Works by Florian Cajori at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Florian Cajori at Internet Archive
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Florian Cajori",
*MacTutor History of Mathematics archive*, University of St Andrews. - Florian Cajori at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Florian Cajori (2010).
*A History of the Conceptions of Limits and Fluxions in Great Britain, from Newton to Woodhouse*. BiblioBazaar. ISBN 978-1-143-05698-7.