In algebraic topology, a fiber-homotopy equivalence is a map over a space B that has homotopy inverse over B (that is we require a homotopy be a map over B for each time t.) It is a relative analog of a homotopy equivalence between spaces.
Given maps p:D→B, q:E→B, if ƒ:D→E is a fiber-homotopy equivalence, then for any b in B the restriction
is a homotopy equivalence. If p, q are fibrations, this is always the case for homotopy equivalences by the next proposition.
Proof of the proposition
The following proof is based on the proof of Proposition in Ch. 6, § 5 of (May). We write for a homotopy over B.
We first note that it is enough to show that ƒ admits a left homotopy inverse over B. Indeed, if with g over B, then g is in particular a homotopy equivalence. Thus, g also admits a left homotopy inverse h over B and then formally we have ; that is, .
Now, since ƒ is a homotopy equivalence, it has a homotopy inverse g. Since , we have: . Since p is a fibration, the homotopy lifts to a homotopy from g to, say, g' that satisfies . Thus, we can assume g is over B. Then it suffices to show gƒ, which is now over B, has a left homotopy inverse over B since that would imply that ƒ has such a left inverse.
Therefore, the proof reduces to the situation where ƒ:D→D is over B via p and . Let be a homotopy from ƒ to . Then, since and since p is a fibration, the homotopy lifts to a homotopy ; explicitly, we have . Note also is over B.
We show is a left homotopy inverse of ƒ over B. Let be the homotopy given as the composition of homotopies . Then we can find a homotopy K from the homotopy pJ to the constant homotopy . Since p is a fibration, we can lift K to, say, L. We can finish by going around the edge corresponding to J:
- May, J.P. A Concise Course in Algebraic Topology, (1999) Chicago Lectures in Mathematics ISBN 0-226-51183-9 (See chapter 6.)