Felix Scheffler

Felix Scheffler
Born (1915-02-09)February 9, 1915
Died March 13, 1986(1986-03-13) (aged 71)
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
 German Democratic Republic
Rank Konteradmiral
Commands held People's Navy (Volksmarine)
Awards Patriotic Order of Merit in Gold

Felix Scheffler (February 9, 1915 in Hamburg, Germany – March 13, 1986 Rostock, Germany), was a World War II Wehrmacht veteran, Konteradmiral, and first Chief of the East German People's Navy (Volksmarine).


Felix Scheffler was born into a working family. His father was employed as a clerk and his mother worked as a cleaner. After leaving school, between 1930 and 1933 Felix Schaeffler undertook an apprenticeship as a pharmacist in Altona, which at this time was still administratively separate from nearby Hamburg.[1]

From 1933 to 1937, Scheffler was a seafarer. From 1937 to 1941, he served as a Sergeant Major in the German Army (Wehrmacht). Captured by the Soviet Army he was held in captivity from 1941 to 1947. Scheffler joined the National Committee Free Germany (NKFD) in 1943. From 1944 to 1945, he voluntarily participated in the partisan movement in Belarus. He was part of a special intelligence unit of the German anti-fascists under the name "Group-117", which operated in the Lipichanskoy Forest. This group also included Hugh Bars, Carl Rinagel, and Herbert Geynchke.

Scheffler returned to what was left of Germany in November 1947,[1] not returning to Hamburg, but settling in the Soviet occupation zone which was in the process of being transformed into the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). From 1947 to 1948, he was the directorate secretary for the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) party school in Klein Machnow.[2] From 1948 to 1950, he was a member of the Democratic Farmer’s Party of Germany (DBD / Demokratische Bauernpartei Deutschlands) serving as the organizational secretary.[1] He rejoined the SED in 1950.

Felix Scheffler's Gravesite at the Neuer Friedhof in Rostock

In 1950 Scheffler joined the People’s Police Sea (Volkspolizei See) the forerunner of the People's Navy (Volksmarine).[1] From 1950 to 1954, he was Deputy Director of the People’s Police Sea (Volkspolizei See) command. On October 1, 1952, he was appointed as Konteradmiral. He was appointed as the Chief of the People's Police Sea (Volkspolizei See) in 1955, and for a brief period from March 1, 1956 to December 31, 1956, he served as Chief of the People’s Navy (Volksmarine). From 1955 to 1975, he served in various leading positions in the People’s Navy (Volksmarine). He attended the Soviet Voroshilov Naval Academy in Leningrad from 1957 to 1959. In 1959, he became the Deputy Chief of the People's Navy (Seestreitkräfte/Volksmarine)(Deputy for Education, 1959–1961; Deputy for Technology, 1962–63 and 1964-1975 the Chief of Rear Services). He retired from the Volksmarine on March 1, 1975.


  1. 1 2 3 4 Bernd-Rainer Barth; Helmut Müller-Enbergs. "Scheffler, Felix * 10.2.1915, † 13.3.1986 Stellv. des Chefs der Volksmarine". Bundesstiftung zur Aufarbeitung der SED-Diktatur: Biographische Datenbanken. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  2. Rudolf Augstein (proprietor-editor in chief (29 September 1949). "Hoff' man Jetzt kommt die Zeit der Erfolge". Der Spiegel (online). Retrieved 31 December 2014.
Preceded by
Chief of the Volksmarine - German Democratic Republic
Succeeded by
Waldemar Verner
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