Fall of Tlemcen (1517)
The fall of Tlemcen followed the capture of Ténès, also by Oruç and his brother, Hayreddin. The Sultan of Tlemcen then fled to Fez in Morocco. Oruç crowned himself king of Tlemcen. The only survivor of Abu Zayan's dynasty was Sheikh Buhammud, who escaped to Oran and called for Spain's assistance.
This victory put Oruç in control of the backcountry behind the Spanish base of Oran, which greatly threatened their usual supply routes. This victory put Oruç in control of a considerable territory, the size of colonial French Algeria.
The Ottomans would again exert direct influence in Tlemcen from 1545. That year, the Wattassid ruler of Morocco Sultan Ahmad was taken prisoner by his rivals, the sharifian Saadians. His successor, Ali Abu Hassun, regent for Ahmad's young son Nasir al-Qasiri, decided to pledge allegiance to the Ottomans in order to obtain their support.
- "The town of Tenes fell into the hands of the brothers, with an immense booty, and then Uruj marched on Tlemcen. The Sultan of Tlemcen, the last of the royal race of the Banu Zayan, did not await the coming of the corsair." in Sea-Wolves of the Mediterranean by E. Hamilton Currey p. 72ff
- "With the fall of Tlemcen Uruj became master of a territory as large as the modern French colony of Algeria, and his exploits made many of the rulers about the Mediterranean quake in their shoes." in The book of pirates Henry Gilbert, 207-208
- A history of the Maghrib in the Islamic period by Jamil M. Abun-Nasr p.155ff