European Spatial Development Perspective
The European Spatial Development Perspective (ESDP) is a document approved by the Informal Council of Ministers of Spatial Planning of European Commission in Potsdam in 1999. It is a legally non-binding document forming a policy framework with 60 policy options for all tiers of administration with a planning responsibility. The strategic aim is to achieve a balanced and sustainable spatial development strategy.
- an integrated approach - Not just to look at specific sectors of development activity (e.g. environment, economic development, or transport), but to recognise that they all affect each other;
- spatial development - a much wider view of the development, vital for integrative approach;
- strategic aspects - interlinked actions to achieve balanced and sustainable territorial development;
- indicative views - the responsibility lies with the developed regions and territories to implement the development principals.
Spatial policy guidelines
- Development of a polycentric and balanced urban system, and strengthening of the partnership between urban and rural areas, so as to create a new urban-rural relationship.
- Promotion of integrated transport and communication concepts, which support the polycentric development of the EU territory, so that there is gradual progress towards parity of access to infrastructure and knowledge.
- Wise management of the natural and cultural heritage, which will help conserve regional identities and cultural diversity in the face of globalisation.
- Andreas Faludi, Bas Waterhout: The making of the European spatial development perspective: no masterplan, Routledge, 2002