European Parliament election, 1984
|* The number of seats was increased from 410 to 434 – so this is a nominal figure|
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The 1984 election to the European Parliament was the first since the inaugural election of 1979 and the 1981 enlargement of the European Community to include Greece. It was also the last before the accession of Spain and Portugal in 1987.
Results showed centre-left and right wing MEPs profiting at the expense of the far-left and centre-right. The Socialists consolidated their position as the biggest group in the Parliament and there were notable changes for the smaller groups, with far-right MEPs forming a group and the coalescence of the Green and Regionalist group known as "Rainbow". Overall turnout dropped to 61%. No majority was achieved.
The number of seats was the same as before for each member state that took part in the 1979 election. Greece, which had joined in 1981, was allocated 24 new seats. This raised the number of seats to 434 from 410.
Election and regrouping
The Socialists increased their share by six seats to 130 seats, up from 124 before the elections. The Democratic Alliance (formerly Progressive Democrats) also made gains, up by seven to 29 seats. The People's Party's, the European Democrats, Communists and Liberals all lost seats. The French National Front and the Italian Social Movement founded a group called the "European Right": the first far-right group in the Parliament. The Technical Group of Independents was replaced by the Rainbow Group, a mixture of Greens and Regionalists.
|European Parliament election, 1984 - Final results at 23-26 July 1984|
|SOC||Social Democrats||Rudi Arndt||130|
|EPP||Christian Democrats||Egon Klepsch||110|
|COM||Communists and the Far Left||Gianni Cervetti||41|
|LD||Liberals and Liberal Democrats||Simone Veil||31|
|EDA||National Conservatives||Christian de La Malène||29|
|RBW||Greens and Regionalists||Else Hammerich
Bram van der Lek
|ER||Far Right Nationalists||Jean-Marie Le Pen||16|
|European Parliament election, 1984 - Statistics|
|14, 17 June
|434||200,505,752||61%||1979||1989||All PR, except UK (not NI)
which used FPTP
|European Parliament election, 1984 - Delegation at 23 July 1984|
|SOC||Social Democrats||West Germany 33, Belgium 7, Denmark 4, France 20, Italy 12, Luxembourg 2, Netherlands 9, UK 33, Greece 10||30%||130|
|EPP||Christian Democrats||West Germany 41, Belgium 6, Denmark 1, France 9, Ireland 6, Italy 27, Luxembourg 3, Netherlands 8, Greece 9||25%||110|
|ED||Conservatives||Denmark 4, UK 46||12%||50|
|COM||Communists and the Far Left||Denmark 1, France 10, Italy 26, Greece 4||9%||41|
|LD||Liberals and Liberal Democrats||Belgium 5, Denmark 2, France 12, Ireland 1, Italy 5, Luxembourg 1, Netherlands 5||7%||31|
|EDA||National Conservatives||France 20, Ireland 8, UK 1||7%||29|
|RBW||Greens and Regionalists||West Germany 7, Belgium 4, Denmark 4, Italy 3, Netherlands 2||5%||20|
|ER||Far-Right Nationalists||France 10, Italy 5, Greece 1||4%||16|
|NI||Independents||Belgium 2, Italy 3, Netherlands 1, UK 1||2%||7|
- The election of the Members of the European Parliament European Navigator
- Full Election Details Elections Online (In French)