Euclid Tsakalotos

Euclid Tsakalotos
Ευκλείδης Τσακαλώτος

Minister of Finance
Assumed office
23 September 2015
Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras
Preceded by George Chouliarakis
In office
6 July 2015  28 August 2015
Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras
Preceded by Yanis Varoufakis
Succeeded by George Chouliarakis
Alternate Minister for International Economic Relations
In office
27 January 2015  6 July 2015
Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras
Minister Nikos Kotzias
Member of the Hellenic Parliament
for Athens B
Assumed office
6 May 2012
Personal details
Born 1960 (age 5556)
Rotterdam, Netherlands
Political party Syriza
Spouse(s) Heather Gibson
Alma mater Queen's College, Oxford
University of Sussex
Mansfield College, Oxford

Academic career

Institutions University of Kent (1989–1993)
Athens University of Economics and Business (1993–2010)
University of Athens (2010–present)
Field Monetary economics
Managerial economics
National accounts

Euclid Tsakalotos (Greek: Ευκλείδης Τσακαλώτος, officially Ευκλείδης Στεφάνου Τσακαλώτος,[1] transcr. Efklidis Stefanou Tsakalotos, Greek pronunciation: [efˈkliðis steˈfanu t͜sakaˈlotos]; born 1960) is a left-wing Greek economist and politician who is the current Greek Minister of Finance. He is currently a member of the Central Committee of Syriza and has represented Athens B in the Hellenic Parliament since May 2012.

Tsakalotos was born in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, but moved to the United Kingdom at a young age. He went to St Paul's School in London before studying Philosophy, Politics and Economics at The Queen's College, Oxford. He went on to complete a master's degree at the Institute of Development Studies, part of the University of Sussex, and returned to Oxford to complete a doctorate in economics under the supervision of Włodzimierz Brus, which he did in 1989. From 1989 to 1993, Tsakalotos worked at the University of Kent, where he met his partner, Heather D. Gibson. He moved to Greece, and taught at the Athens University of Economics and Business from 1994 to 2010, becoming a professor of economics. Since 2010, he has been a professor of economics at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. He has written a number of books in both Greek and English, and has been published in a range of different academic journals.

Tsakalotos joined Synaspismos in the early 1990s, and was elected to the Central Committee of Syriza in 2004. He was first elected as a Member of the Hellenic Parliament for Athens B in the May 2012 legislative election, and has been re-elected in every election since. In opposition from 2012 to 2015, he was Syriza's shadow finance minister. When Syriza entered government in January 2015, Tsakalotos was appointed as an Alternate Minister within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In April, he took over as head of Greece's negotiating team on the third bailout package. On 6 July 2015, following Yanis Varoufakis's resignation, Tsakalotos was appointed as Minister of Finance. He was re-appointed in September 2015 following the snap legislative election.

Early life and education

Tsakalotos was born in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, in 1960. He is the son of Stefanos Tsakalotos, a civil engineer who worked in the shipping industry, and the family relocated to the United Kingdom in 1965 when the younger Tsakolotos was five years old.[2][3] He attended St Paul's School, London from 1973 to 1978.[4] Some sources also claim that Tsakalotos attended Eton College.[2][5] In St Paul's School's alumni magazine, he praised his former schoolmaster Keith Perry, stating that the teacher did "much to bolster [his] self confidence". Tsakalotos, along with his close friend Owen Tudor, set up the school's Economics and Politics Society (known as Polecon), and in later years George Osborne, who went on to become the British Chancellor of the Exchequer, was a member.[6]

Tsakalotos went on to read Philosophy, Politics and Economics at the Queen's College, Oxford. Whilst at the Queen's College, Tsakalotos was an admirer of both Gerald Cohen and Andrew Glyn, and in his spare time took part in protests against Margaret Thatcher's Conservative government.[6] During this time, he also reportedly became a supporter of Irish republicanism.[7] One of his university friends at this time, Yannis Stournaras, later became a Greek finance minister and served as Governor of the Bank of Greece.[2] Following graduation, he completed a master's degree (MPhil) at the Institute of Development Studies, part of the University of Sussex. He then returned to Oxford to complete a doctorate (DPhil) in economics, studying at Mansfield College. He completed this doctorate in 1989 under the supervision of Włodzimierz Brus, with his thesis, Alternative Economic Strategies: The Case of Greece, later being published as a book.[8][9][10]:ix

Academic career

Tsakaklotos's first academic role was as a research associate at the University of Kent, from 1989 to 1990. From October 1990 to June 1993, he taught at the university as a lecturer.[10][11] In 1993, Tsakalotos and his wife returned to Greece, and in October 1994 he began teaching at the Athens University of Economics and Business.[9] He became a full professor, but since September 2010, he has been a professor of economics at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, more commonly referred to simply as the University of Athens.[12] Vassilis Alevromitis, a former student of his, has recalled that Tsakalotos's classes were often "packed".[13]

Tsakalotos has written a number of books and articles on Greek and international economic policies, alone and in cooperation with other academics and writers. He has co-authored a number of works with his wife, who has also served as editor for some of the works that he has written alone. A detailed list and further treatment of select works can be found in Works, below. He has also been involved with trade unions, having served as a member of the executive committee of the Hellenic Federation of University Teachers' Associations (POSDEP).[9] In the mid-2000s, Tsakalotos led his students in a several months-long protest against proposed reforms to the Greek education system. Thanos Tsouknidas, an accountant that knew Tsakalotos at the time, said: "He was there, involved in the struggle. We were fighting together."[13]

Some of Tsakalotos's work has sparked debate in academic circles, leading to some articles being published in response to his work. This includes Educating Capitalists: A Rejoinder to Wright and Tsakalotos by Wolfgang Streeck, as well as Tsakalotos on "Homo Economicus": Some Comments by Guglielmo Carchedi.[14][15]

Political career

Early political career

When at the University of Oxford, Tsakalotos joined the student wing of the eurocommunist Communist Party of Greece (Interior). In the early 1990s, shortly after moving to Greece, he joined Synaspismos, which eventually became the largest constituent party of Syriza.[3] Tsakalotos was a prominent member of Synaspismos and he was a member of their Central Political Committee and their Political Secretariat, before the party dissolved in 2013 to form Syriza.[16] Tsakalotos is also currently member of the Central Committee of Syriza,[17] having been elected to it in December 2004.[18] Tsakalotos stood as a Syriza candidate for Preveza in the 2004 legislative election.[18]

Tsakalotos has been heavily involved in the creation of Syriza's economic policy and has been described as the "brains behind Syriza's economic policy".[4] Tsakalotos is one member of Syriza's "economic quartet", alongside John Milios, Giorgos Stathakis and Yannis Dragasakis.[19] He has been named as one author of the Thessaloniki Programme.[20]

In opposition

Some things which are now seen as unrealistic will change with the political balance of forces.
 Euclid Tsakalotos, LSE meeting[21]

In the May 2012 legislative election, Tsakalotos was elected as a Member of the Hellenic Parliament for Syriza representing Athens B and he was re-elected on 17 June 2012. Following his election in May 2012, Tsakalotos was interviewed by Emma Alberici on the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's program Lateline.[22] Whilst in opposition in the Hellenic Parliament from June 2012 to January 2015, Tsakalotos had responsibility for economic affairs in the Shadow Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras.[23]

In September 2013, Tsakalotos's book written with Christos Laskos, Crucible of Resistance, was published in the United Kingdom by Pluto Press. On 26 November 2013, Tsakalotos took part in an Intelligence Squared debate on the subject "Angela Merkel is Destroying Europe". Tsakalotos argued for the motion alongside Mehdi Hasan, whilst Antony Beevor and Christine Ockrent argued against the motion. The debate was chaired by Nik Gowing.[24]

A few days before the 2015 legislative election, Tsakalotos was quizzed, via Skype, by a number of economists, debt campaigners and investment analysts at the London School of Economics. Amongst them were Christopher Pissarides and Panicos O. Demetriades. The meeting was organised by Mary Kaldor and Paul Mason. Tsakalotos said that Greece needed "fiscal space", meaning in practice several billion Euros to spend on growth-promoting measures.[25]

Responding to "why annoy the Europeans over market reform issues when your main problem is debt?", Tsakalotos said: "In any transition period there is a clash of realities. In the 1930s people considered the eventual solutions, at first, to be unrealistic. It’s the same this time round. At first, in the euro crisis there was to be no bailout. Then no buying of government debt. Then no QE. Each of these things have happened. Some things which are now seen as unrealistic will change with the political balance of forces."[21]

First term in government

Two days after the legislative election on 25 January 2015, when Alexis Tsipras formed his cabinet, Tsakalotos was appointed to the position of 'Alternate Minister for International Economic Relations' in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. This position made him subordinate to Nikos Kotzias, the Minister for Foreign Affairs.[26] Speaking to the Old Pauline News, the alumni magazine of St Paul's School, Tsakalotos described his role as follows: "[It] means coordinating our approach to promoting exports and attracting investment. It also means upgrading our economic diplomacy which needs to go beyond traditional sectors, for instance exporting olive oil and importing capital goods."[27]

Euclid Tsakalotos with Gerry Adams at the Sinn Féin ardfheis in March 2015.

On 7 March, Tsakalotos, representing Syriza, spoke at the 2015 Sinn Féin ardfheis. He was introduced by Lynn Boylan, and said during his speech that both Sinn Féin and Syriza are "part of a great realignment in European politics". The leader of Sinn Féin, Gerry Adams, embraced Tsakalotos on the stage following the speech.[28] He reportedly spent several hours afterwards in talks with senior members of Sinn Féin.[29] The Financial Times later commented on this, saying it was a "moment of bonding" between Syriza and Sinn Féin.[30]

On 27 April, Tsakalotos was made the coordinator of the Greek group negotiating with lender's representatives over a bailout plan. This move was largely seen as sidelining Yanis Varoufakis, the Minister of Finance, but the markets reacted positively to the move.[31][32]

On 6 July, the day after the Greek bailout referendum, the Minister of Finance, Yanis Varoufakis, resigned. As Varoufakis left the Finance Ministry, he suggested to reporters that Tsakalotos was likely to succeed him.[33] Subsequently, Tsakalotos was chosen to succeed Varoufakis and was sworn in later on 6 July.[4] In the process of this, Tsakalotos relinquished his previous ministerial position of Alternate Minister for International Economic Relations.[34] Tsakalotos was noted for his differences with Varoufakis, for example the Financial Times noted that he "could hardly be more different from his flamboyant predecessor".[35] At a press conference shortly following his appointment, Tsakalotos said: "I cannot hide from you that I am quite nervous. I am not taking on this job at the easiest point in Greek history."[13]

Tsakalotos's first official meeting as Minister of Finance was on 7 July and was an emergency meeting of the Eurogroup. Tsakalotos brought a note with him that reminded him to display "no triumphalism" after the 'No' vote in the Greek bailout referendum.[36] Following the talks, he was described as "Much better than Varoufakis".[37] Tsakalotos attended nine hours of talks as part of a Eurogroup meeting on 11 July. In the "tough, even violent" atmosphere of the talks, Tsakalotos remained notably calm and collected. One participant, following the talks, said: "I don't know if it's because he's tired or just the way he is, but he can really soak up the pressure."[38]

On 16 July, Tsakalotos spoke before the Hellenic Parliament to encourage them to support the terms of the tenth austerity package, the first of a series of 'prior actions', which were "austerity measures demanded by Greece even before negotiations were to open up over the summer on a third bailout and referendum."[39] He said in his speech: "I made a decision that will burden me for the rest of my life. I don't know if we did the right thing, however I do know that we felt like we had no other choice but do what we did."[40] The proposals were opposed by 109 out of 201 members of the Central Committee of Syriza, and 32 Syriza MPs voted against the measures, as well as six who abstained and one who did not vote.[39] Following the debate, there was a cabinet reshuffle on 17 July, but Tsakalotos retained his role as Minister of Finance.[41]

The second set of measures in the tenth austerity package, or the second set of 'prior actions', were debated and voted on the 23 July, with Tsakalotos beginning the debate, and urging a vote in favour of the measures.[42] Tsakalotos was criticised for his speech, with Ovenden writing that "[his] argument made him sound little different from the kind of kindergarten exchanges which had characterised Pasok and New Democracy over the years."[43] On 14 August, Tsakalotos led the debate on the eleventh austerity package, by calling the package "a very tough agreement with many thorns." During the "fiery" debate, he engaged heavily with the acting President of New Democracy, Vangelis Meimarakis, who criticised Tsakalotos for being "provocative".[44][45] During the debate, Zoi Konstantopoulou, the Speaker of the Hellenic Parliament, raised so many procedural questions and objections, that Tsakalotos missed the 9:30am vote as he had to catch a flight to Brussels.[46] In Brussels later that day, negotiations were concluded for the Third Economic Adjustment Programme for Greece.[47]

On 20 August, Tsipras announced the resignation of the Syriza-ANEL government, and that a legislative election was scheduled for 20 September.[48] Tsakalotos and the rest of the cabinet remained as lame duck ministers whilst opposition parties attempted to form their own government. However, the opposition parties failed to form a government and Vassiliki Thanou-Christophilou was appointed as an interim Prime Minister on 27 August.[49] On 28 August, Thanou-Christophilou's caretaker cabinet was sworn in, with George Chouliarakis being sworn in as the interim Minister of Finance.[50]

Second term in government

Tsakalotos at an informal meeting of ECOFIN in Bratislava on 9 September 2016.

Reportedly, Tsakalotos was considering not running in the September 2015 legislative election, as he did not wish to implement the bailout agreement.[51] However, these fears were assuaged by Alexis Tsipras when he said there was no doubt that Tsakalotos would stand in the election.[52] He also claimed that, during the election campaign, without Tsakalotos's involvement, there would have been no bailout package. In recognition of that, Tsakalotos was made to head the list for Syriza in Athens B. In an interview during the campaign, Tsakalotos admitted that the Greek government had suffered "defeat" during negotiations with creditors, implying that some responsibility for this lay with Varoufakis.[53]

Following the re-election of the Syriza-ANEL coalition, Tsakalotos was tipped to resume the role of Minister of Finance,[54] however he was reportedly reluctant to do so.[55] Nevertheless, he was reappointed as Minister of Finance on 23 September, as part of the Second Cabinet of Alexis Tsipras.[56] Chouliarakis, the interim Minister of Finance, was retained in the finance ministry as an Alternate Minister of Finance.[57] Later in September, in an interview with the Financial Times, Tsakalotos said that it was "absolutely critical that we get something on debt relief." He added: "By the second quarter of 2016, if we get a positive review, bank recapitalisation and debt relief, I don’t see any reason why there shouldn’t be a return to growth." He also said that the new government would make serious attempts to crack down on tax evasion: "It will be a central aspect of our policies, which will determine the success of the government, because it’s the only way the Greek people will accept difficult measures that show we’re all in the same boat."[58]

At the annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank between 9 and 11 October 2015, Tsakalotos had a number of meetings with high-level attendees.[59][60] On 8 January 2016, Tsakalotos began a tour of European cities, including Rome, Lisbon, Paris, Helsinki and Berlin, meeting with finance ministers, prior to a Eurogroup meeting on 14 January.[61] In February 2016, Spyros Economides, Director of the Hellenic Observatory, commented on Tsakalotos' performance as Minister of Finance: "In some ways he has done an extremely good job because the mess left by his predecessor both in substantive and presentational terms was horrific."[62]

Political views


Tsakalotos has been described as a "Marxist",[6][63] and Ovenden has written that "While Keynes is the main economic reference point for Varoufakis, who opposed the Brussels deal, for Tsakalotos, who signed it, Marx is more that guide to economic and political analysis."[64] Paul Mason described Tsakalotos as a "classic Marxist of the New Left," continuing that "Tsakalotos comes from that school of Marxism which learned from the 1970s onwards to make compromises with capitalist reality."[65] In an interview with the Financial Times in September 2015, following his re-appointment, he said: "I’m one of the government’s most leftwing ministers, politically speaking. However, I want to do things like the recapitalisation of the banks. I can do things that aren’t particularly leftwing."[58]

Tsakalotos is also a leading member of the Group of 53, a prominent faction within Syriza. One report names him as the leader of the Group.[66] The Group was founded in mid-2014 and stands ideologically between the Left Platform and Alexis Tsipras's core backers.[67][68] After the Left Platform split from Syriza to Popular Unity, the Group of 53 became the most left-wing faction within Syriza.[63]


Tsakalotos has been described as a "Revolutionary Europeanist", as he supports European Union integration but not its capitalist principles. In one article, he wrote: "[the] European Monetary Union has created a split between [the] core and periphery, and relations between the two are hierarchical and discriminatory."[13] Tsakalotos has also advocated for a "change in [the] architecture" of the Eurozone. In a May 2012 interview on Lateline, Tsakalotos said: "At the moment the Eurozone is at risk, not because of the Greek radical left - it's at risk because it has an architecture, a financial and economic architecture that is evidently unable to deal with the crisis in the Eurozone, and we think part of the solution is a change in that architecture."[69]


In 2013, Tsakalotos's large estate proved detrimental to him and his party when his critics began calling him «αριστερός αριστοκράτης» (aristeros aristokratis, "aristocrat of the left"). Newspapers opposed to Syriza seized on his property holdings as a chance to accuse the couple of hypocrisy for enjoying a generous lifestyle in private while criticizing the ethics of austerity in public. One opposition newspaper published on the front page criticism reasoning that Tsakalotos's own family wealth came from the same sort of investments in companies as made by financial institutions JP Morgan and BlackRock.[2]

Personal life

Tsakalotos is married to Heather D. Gibson, a Scottish economist currently serving as Director-Advisor to the Bank of Greece and his ofttimes research and writing partner. They met when Tsakalotos was teaching at the University of Kent and they later married in Canterbury. The couple have three children and maintain two homes in Kifisia, along with an office in Athens and a holiday home in Preveza, all courtesy of a large estate belonging to Tsakalotos's father.[2][6] Through his father, Euclid Tsakalotos is the first cousin twice-removed (great-grandnephew) of Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos, who served as Chief of the Hellenic Army General Staff from 1951 to 1952.[3][70] Tsakalotos has been quoted as saying that his great-granduncle fought on the "...other side, the wrong side..." in the Greek Civil War, and was worried that his great-grandnephew would become a "...liberal, [but] certainly not anything further to the left."[3]

Tsakalotos is a fan of PAOK FC, and was given a shirt with Dimitar Berbatov's name on the back by Alexis Tsipras.[71] When he lived in the UK, he was a supporter of Leeds United.[6]



Articles and papers

References: [72]

See also



  1. Hellenic Parliament: MPs' contact details Note: Modern Greek middle names are typically a patronymic in the genitive case; thus, Stefanou from his father's name, Stefanos.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Κατσαντώνη, Χριστίνα, «ΕυκλειδηΣ ΤσακαλωτοΣ: Ο ανθρωποΣ στη "σκια" του Γ.Βαρουφακη», The Times of Change Magazine Τρίτη, 07 Ιουλίου 2015, retrieved 7 July 2015
  3. 1 2 3 4 Smith, Helena (18 June 2015). "Euclid Tsakalotos: Greece's secret weapon in credit negotiations". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  4. 1 2 3 Khan, Mehreen (6 July 2015). "Meet Euclid Tsakalotos, the man who has replaced Yanis Varoufakis as Greece's new finance minister". The Telegraph. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  5. Savaricas, Nathalie (6 July 2015). "Greece debt crisis: Euclid Tsakalotos - the new finance minister with one of the most challenging jobs in the EU". The Independent. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 Rayner, Gordon (7 July 2015). "Profile: Euclid Tsakalotos, the Leeds United fan now in charge of saving the euro". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  7. Moore, Charles (11 July 2015). "Why the Greek No is a great moment for socialism". Spectator. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  8. "Alternative economic strategies: the case of Greece / Euclid Tsakalotos". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
  9. 1 2 3 "Alternate Foreign Minister for International Economic Relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on 28 June 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  10. 1 2 Tsakalotos, Euclid, Heather Gibson, ed., Alternative Economic Strategies: The Case of Greece (Aldershot, Avebury Publishers: 1991), ISBN 1856281833
  11. Pragnell, Chris (5 May 2015). "University tutor Euclid Tsakalotos has become chief bail-out negotiator for Greece". Kent Online. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  12. Euclid Tsakalotos: National & Kapodistrian University of Athens. Retrieved 6 July 2015
  13. 1 2 3 4 Kambas, Michele; Galloni, Alessandra (6 July 2015). "New Greek finance minister is a change of style, not substance". Reuters. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  14. Carchedi, Guglielmo (July 2006). "Tsakalotos on "Homo Economicus": Some Comments". Science & Society. 70 (3): 370–375.
  15. Streeck, Wolfgang (2004). "Educating Capitalists: A Rejoinder to Wright and Tsakalotos" (PDF). Socio-Economic Review. 2 (3): 425–438. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  16. Skordas, Aggelos (28 April 2015). "Euclid Tsakalotos: Who Is the Greek Economist that Sidelined Superstar Yanis Varoufakis". Greek Reporter. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
  17. (Greek) The Greek Government Retrieved 6 July 2015
  18. 1 2 "Euclid Tsakalotos: Bye bye creative vagueness, hello method and detail!". Protothema. 29 April 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  19. "Who is hiding behind the economic programme of SYRIZA". GR Reporters. 5 June 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
  20. "Debate on Wed. as Greece heads into yet another … election". Protothema. 8 September 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
  21. 1 2 Mason, Paul (20 January 2015). "Inside Syriza's economic brain". Channel 4 News. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  22. "Greece 'can do better' than German deal". ABC. 15 May 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  23. "SYRIZA's shadow cabinet to exercise 'hands-on opposition'". Ekathimerini. 4 July 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  24. "Angela Merkel is Destroying Europe". Intelligence Squared. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  25. Roberts, Michael (21 January 2015). "Syriza, the economists and the impossible triangle". Michael Roberts Blog. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  26. Cosgrave, Jenny (6 May 2015). "Euclid Tsakalotos, the new 'friendly face' of Greece?". CNBC. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  27. "An Interview with Euclid Tsakalotos" (PDF). Old Pauline News. April 2015. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  28. Minihan, Mary (7 March 2015). "Syriza appeals for European solidarity at Sinn Féin ardfheis". The Irish Times. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  29. McCann, Eamonn (11 March 2015). "Late-night talks may have shaped Sinn Fein stance". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  30. Boland, Vincent (7 July 2015). "Sinn Féin's alliance with Syriza shows shift in leftwing politics". Financial Times. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  31. Cassidy, John (28 April 2015). "Sidelining Varoufakis Won't Solve Greece's Real Problem". The New Yorker. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  32. Chrysopoulos, Philip (27 April 2015). "Varoufakis Downsized as Tsipras Forms New Greek Negotiating Team". Greek Reporter. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  33. Platzos, Kostis (6 July 2015). "Greece's Varoufakis hints Tsakalotos to take over as finance minister". Reuters. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  34. Leivada, Danae (7 July 2015). "Can Greece's New Finance Minister Succeed Where Varoufakis Couldn't?". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  35. Hope, Kerin (6 July 2015). "Change of style at the Greek finance ministry". Financial Times. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  36. Treanor, Jill (7 July 2015). "Greece's new finance minister has to remind himself: 'No triumphalism'". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  37. Guarascio, Francesco; Macdonald, Alastair (8 July 2015). "New Greek minister's note to self: 'No triumphalism'". Reuters. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  38. Macdonald, Alastair (12 July 2015). "'Kindergarten' as weary euro ministers divide over Greece". Reuters. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  39. 1 2 Ovenden, p. 169
  40. "Greek finance minister: 'I don't know if we did the right thing' – video". The Guardian. 16 July 2015. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  41. Maltezou, Renee; Melander, Ingrid (17 July 2015). "Greek Finance Minister Tsakalotos to keep post in reshuffle". Reuters. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  42. Smith, Helena; Wearden, Graeme (23 July 2015). "Greek parliament approves next phase in bailout reforms". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  43. Ovenden, p. 170
  44. "Greece MPs vote on key bailout deal". BBC News. 14 August 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  45. "Fiery all-night debate in Greek parliament before bailout vote". The Guardian. 14 August 2015. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  46. Henley, Jon (14 August 2015). "Alexis Tsipras is down but far from out". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  47. Chee, Foo Yun; Saeedy, Alexander (15 August 2015). "Tsakalotos says bailout deal will take country forward". Kathimerini. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  48. "Greece crisis: PM Alexis Tsipras quits and calls early polls". BBC News. 20 August 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  49. "Greece debt crisis: Interim PM Thanou is first woman leader". BBC News. 27 August 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  50. Papamiltiadou, Angelika (28 August 2015). "Greece Names George Houliarakis As Interim Finance Minister". Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  51. Maltezou, Renee; Babington, Deepa (28 August 2015). "With election near, Tsipras faces widening rift within Syriza". Reuters. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  52. Papadimas, Lefteris; Maltezou, Renee (26 August 2015). "Tsipras softens stand on Greek debt relief before election". Reuters. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  53. Gilson, George (10 September 2015). "Tsakalotos sees prospect of limited improvements to new bailout memorandum". The Times of Change. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  54. Wearden, Graeme; Smith, Helena (21 September 2015). "Euclid Tsakalotos expected to keep cabinet place". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  55. Maltezou, Renee; Kambas, Michele (22 September 2015). "Tsipras to back Greek bailout with Tsakalotos as finance minister". Reuters.
  56. "Greece keeps Euclid Tsakalotos as finance minister after election win". The Guardian. 23 September 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  57. Smith, Helena (23 September 2015). "Greece: Alexis Tsipras retains economics team in cabinet with unenviable task". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  58. 1 2 Barber, Tony; Hope, Kerin (27 September 2015). "Greek finance minister upbeat on growth prospects". Financial Times. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  59. "U.S. Treasury Secretary stresses importance of debt relief in meeting with FinMin Tsakalotos". ANA-MPA. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  60. "Tsakalotos - Lagarde meeting took place in positive climate". 12 October 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  61. "Athens irked by suggestion review will be drawn out". Kathimerini. 8 January 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  62. MacDowell, Andrew (1 February 2016). "Greek Finance Minister Tsakalotos Grudgingly Placates Creditos". Institutional Investor. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  63. 1 2 "Synchronised somersault". The Economist. 26 September 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  64. Ovenden, p. 173
  65. Mason, Paul (27 April 2015). "Syriza's reshuffle: step forward a non-erratic Marxist". Channel 4 News. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  66. Anastasia, Balezdrova (4 September 2015). "The situation is favourable for New Democracy but Greeks may give Tsipras a second chance". GR Reporter. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  67. Ovenden, p. 166
  68. Nektaria, Stamouli (26 August 2015). "Greece's Alexis Tsipras Struggles to Keep Syriza Party Together". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  69. "Greece 'can do better' than German deal". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  70. Skordas, Aggelos (28 April 2015). "Euclid Tsakalotos: Who Is the Greek Economist that Sidelined Superstar Yanis Varoufakis". Greek Reporter. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  71. "Dimitar Berbatov brings Greek football to a higher level". GR Reporters. 7 September 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  72. "Euclid Tsakalotos". Academia. Retrieved 9 September 2015.


Political offices
Preceded by
Yanis Varoufakis
Minister of Finance
Succeeded by
George Chouliarakis
Preceded by
George Chouliarakis
Minister of Finance
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