Ethyl butyrate

Ethyl butyrate
Preferred IUPAC name
Ethyl butanoate
Other names
Butanoic acid methyl ester
Ethyl butyrate
Butyric acid ethyl ester
Ethyl n-butanoate
Ethyl n-butyrate
Butyric ether
UN 1180
105-54-4 YesY
3D model (Jmol) Interactive image
ChemSpider 7475 YesY
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.007
EC Number 203-306-4
PubChem 7762
Molar mass 116.16 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid with fruity odor (typically pineapple)
Density 0.879 g/cm3
Melting point −93 °C (−135 °F; 180 K)
Boiling point 120 to 121 °C (248 to 250 °F; 393 to 394 K)
Soluble in 150 parts
Vapor pressure 1510 Pa (11.3 mmHg)
Main hazards Irritant (Xi)
Safety data sheet See: data page
R-phrases R10 R36/37/38
S-phrases S16 S26 S36
NFPA 704
Flammability code 2: Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur. Flash point between 38 and 93 °C (100 and 200 °F). E.g., diesel fuel Health code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 26 °C; 78 °F; 299 K c.c.
463 °C (865 °F; 736 K)
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
13050 mg/kg (oral, rat)[1]
Supplementary data page
Refractive index (n),
Dielectric constantr), etc.
Phase behaviour
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Ethyl butyrate, also known as ethyl butanoate, or butyric ether, is an ester with the chemical formula CH3CH2CH2COOCH2CH3. It is soluble in propylene glycol, paraffin oil, and kerosene. It has a fruity odor, similar to pineapple.[1] It occurs naturally in many fruits.[2]


It is commonly used as artificial flavoring resembling orange juice[3] or pineapple in alcoholic beverages (e.g. martinis, daiquiris etc.), as a solvent in perfumery products, and as a plasticizer for cellulose. In addition, ethyl butyrate is often also added to orange juice, as most associate its odor with that of fresh orange juice.

Ethyl butyrate is one of the most common chemicals used in flavors and fragrances. It can be used in a variety of flavors: orange (most common), cherry, pineapple, mango, guava, bubblegum, peach, apricot, fig, and plum. In industrial use, it is also one of the cheapest chemicals, which only adds to its popularity.


It can be synthesized by reacting ethanol and butyric acid. This is a condensation reaction, meaning water is produced in the reaction as a byproduct. Ethyl butyrate from natural sources can be distinguished from synthetic ethyl butyrate by Stable Isotope Ratio Analysis (SIRA).[4]

See also


  1. 1 2 3 Merck Index, 12th Edition, 3822
  2. Schieberle, H.-D. Belitz, W. Grosch, P. (2009). Food chemistry (4th rev. and extended ed.). Berlin: Springer. ISBN 9783540699330.
  3. Andrea Walker (12 May 2009). "Ask an Academic: Orange Juice". The New Yorker.
  4. Ashurst, P.R.; Dennis, M.J. (1998). Analytical methods of food authentication (1st ed.). London: Blackie Academic & Professional. ISBN 9780751404265. Retrieved 27 January 2016.

External links

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